## Peace Pie

### Shelia Ray

#### Description

Students review peacemaking strategies by identifying their capacity of creating and promoting peace within their classroom, home, community, and world. Fractions are introduced through the making of a "peace pie."

#### Standards

Florida Sunshine State Standards
MA.A.1.1.3
The student uses objects to represent whole numbers or commonly used fractions and relates these numbers to real-world situations.

HE.B.3.1.4
The student knows various ways of communicating care and consideration of others (e.g., sharing and saying `please` and `thank you`).

Florida Process Standards
Numeric Problem Solvers
03 Florida students use numeric operations and concepts to describe, analyze, communicate, synthesize numeric data, and to identify and solve problems.

#### Materials

- Pattern of a pie slice for each individual student
- Scissors
- Chart paper and marker
- Poster board titled, "Look Who Can Make a Peace Pie"
- Glue

#### Preparations

Prepare needed materials (including worksheet described below).

#### Procedures

1. Introduction: Say, "today we are going to make a pie. We will make a PEACE PIE. To make a strawberry pie we would need strawberries, for an apple pie we would need apples. What do you suppose we need to make a peace pie? Yes, we need peaceful acts. Let's start by defining peace. Peace means people know how to talk to each other and work out their differences/problems. When you perform peaceful acts you feel calm and serene on the inside. Peace means getting along with others. The opposite of peace is what? Yes, that's right, the opposite of peace is war. Everyone is upset during war. Does everyone agree that we would rather have peace instead of war? So how can you be a peaceful person-a Peacemaker?"

2. Brainstorm some possible ways to be a peacemakers. List ideas on the board. Divide ideas into four areas: school, home, community, and world. Examples: use polite words, thank you, please, etc., use hands for helping-open door for someone, use strategy wheel to see who goes first, don't throw trash on the ground, be a team player, use I-care statement when in a conflict, smile at others, listen to your teacher, clean your room, etc.

3. Review the list with the students. Compliment them on their great list. Tell them you think they are ready to make a peace pie. Show them one you have already made.

4. Instruct student to write on the back of the pie slice how they could be a peacemaker.

5. Make one large peace pie with each student's pie slice. Count all the slices necessary to make a complete peace pie.

6. Demonstrate fractions by having individual students remove and add slices.

7. Conclude the lesson by saying, "it takes all of us coming together to create a peaceful classroom!"

#### Assessments

Group brainstorming list for "peaceful acts" as an initial formative assessment. Call on each child in the group to add an idea. Come back to those who cannot think of anything right then.

Follow with the completion of a worksheet you create that shows the picture of five pies. The instructions should read: Here are all the pies. Three pies are what fraction of all the pies? Two pies are what fraction of all the pies? One pie is what fraction of all the pies? As students are completing the sheet, walk around the room and assess them individually to make sure they have the basic concept about fractions taught today.

The worksheet will also provide space for the student to write what they can do to be a peacemaker. Students may use the list created by the class or may create their own ideas.