Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Survival

Leslie Briggs
Santa Rosa District Schools

Description

As a pre-reading activity for the novel [Lord of the Flies] by William Golding, students write a survival story.

Objectives

The student selects and uses appropriate pre-writing strategies, such as brainstorming, graphic organizers, and outlines.

The student drafts and revises writing that: is focused, purposeful, and reflects insight into the writing situation; has an organizational pattern that provides for a logical progression of ideas; has effective use of transitional devices that contribute to a sense of completeness; has support that is substantial, specific, relevant, and concrete; demonstrates a commitment to and involvement with the subject; uses creative writing strategies as appropriate to the purpose of the paper; demonstrates a mature command of language with precision of expression; has varied sentence structure; and has few, if any, convention errors in mechanics, usage, punctuation, and spelling.

The student produces final documents that have been edited for: correct spelling; correct punctuation, including commas, colons, and common use of semicolons; correct capitalization; correct sentence formation; correct instances of possessives, subject/verb agreement, instances of noun/pronoun agreement, and the intentional use of fragments for effect; and correct formatting that appeals to readers, including appropriate use of a variety of graphics, tables, charts, and illustrations in both standard and innovative forms.

The student writes fluently for a variety of occasions, audiences, and purposes, making appropriate choices regarding style, tone, level of detail, and organization.

The student selects and uses a variety of electronic media (such as the Internet, information services, and desktop-publishing software programs) to create, revise, retrieve, and verify information.

Materials

-Paper
-Pen/pencil
-Computer access with a word processing program
-Markers
-Crayons
-Construction Paper
-Story Guideline Sheet
-Story Jacket Guideline Sheet
-Overhead Projector

Preparations

The teacher will do the following:
1. Print a copy of the story and story jacket guidelines.
2. Prepare a transparency of guidelines for students to copy or print enough copies for each student.
3. Gain access to a computer lab with word processing capabilities.
4. Print a copy of the scoring guide.
5. Gather materials for story jackets: paper, markers, and crayons.

Procedures

Day One

1. Introduce the novel, [Lord of the Flies], to the entire class. State the basis of the novel, which is, that a group of schoolboys is deserted on an uninhabited island.
2. Lead a discussion with the class. The topic is what are the pros and cons of being deserted on an uninhabited island.
3. Write answers on the overhead or chalkboard.
4. Introduce the studentsí assignment: write survival stories.
5. Post the guidelines on the overhead projector and the students copy.
6. Have students begin writing their stories and complete for homework.

Day Two
1. Students turn in rough drafts for teacher to edit and offer suggestions.

Day Three and Four
1. Return essays and have students type on the computer using a word processing program like Microsoft Word.
2. Have students print out edited and improved stories.
3. Assess student work.

Day Five
1. Display and discuss the criteria for completing a story jacket.
2. Have students create and complete story jackets.

Day Six
1. Staple stories within the jacket.
2. Share some of the best stories with the class.

Assessments

The story is assessed using the Six Traits of Writing Scoring Rubric. The story is assessed on the following traits: ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency, and conventions. A copy of the scoring rubric can be found under WebLinks.

Extensions

My students really enjoyed doing this activity. The story gives them a rare chance to write creatively. When we returned to writing typical expository and persuasive essays, I was able to see an improvement in their writing overall. It was as though I gave them permission to practice writing creatively on every essay.

Web Links

Web supplement for Survival
Six Traits of Writing Scoring Rubrics

Attached Files

The file, Story and Story Jacket Guidelines     File Extension: pdf

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