Beacon Lesson Plan Library

La Mochila (The Backpack)

Amanda Yates
Polk County Schools


This lesson introduces the students to the Spanish words associated with items that they carry in their backpacks.


The student restates and rephrases simple information from materials presented orally, visually, and graphically in class.

The student understands oral messages that are based on familiar themes and vocabulary (e.g., short conversations between familiar persons on familiar topics such as everyday school and home activities).

The student organizes information in spoken or written form about a variety of topics of academic and cultural interest (e.g., by making lists categorizing objects, or organizing concepts).


- Backpack (labeled -La Mochila-)-
- Calculator (labeled -la calculadora-)
- Pencil (labeled -el lapiz-)
- Good grade (labeled -la buena nota)
- Eraser (labeled -el borrador-)
- Pen (labeled -la pluma-)
-Paper (labeled -papel-)
-A book (labeled -el libro-)
- Notebook (labeled -el cuaderno-)
-Any other item you would like to introduce
-Worksheets for each student like this:
1. Yo tengo _________ en mi mochila. (I have _____ in my backpack.)
(Put this sentence over and over, so that they can fill it in with the different words you teach them.)
-Overhead and transparency with English/Spanish words you will introduce


1. Gather all the items for the backpack and label them with the Spanish words.
2. Make the master practice worksheet.
3. Make copies of practice worksheet.
4. Clear off a desk to use for your presentation to the students.
5. Prepare an overhead with the English and Spanish words for each item.
6. Prepare what you will say as you introduce items. For instance, you can say, -Yo tengo muchas cosas en mi mochila. Hay un lapiz. Hay una pluma. Hay una calculadora.-
Make sure that all items are accessible. Once you've done these things, you should be ready to go.


1. Bring in the backpack and display it so that all the students can see it.

2. Say, -Yo tengo muchas cosas en mi mochila. Hay un lapiz.- Then, pull the labeled pencil out and show it to them.

3. Have them repeat each item in Spanish after you pull it out and introduce it.

4. After you have introduced all the items, ask one student at a time to tell you (in Spanish) one item that they have in their backpack.

5. Now, give them the practice worksheets and have them try to fill in the things that they have in their backpacks. Tell them not to worry too much about the spelling right now.

6. Once they seem to be finished, turn on the overhead and go through the words again. Write each word in Spanish and have them repeat it.

7. Once you've gone through all the words on the overhead, allow them to copy them onto their own papers.

8. Once they've done that, encourage them to fix anything they need to fix on their worksheets.

9. Have a few students share again.

10. Have students turn in the worksheets.
(I have many things in my backpack. There is a pencil. There is a pen. There is a calculator.)


Observe students, listen to students repeat after you, listen to students tell you what they have in their backpacks, assess the worksheets, and provide feedback for students who are having difficulty.


A follow-up lesson might be to add some more items to the backpack and repeat the lesson for review and to introduce new vocabulary.
Also, students could come up to the front of the room and pull items out of their backpacks and introduce them to the class.
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