Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Identifying the Food Groups

Sendi Palmer


After reviewing the school's lunch menu, the learner will be able to identify and label the five food groups correctly in a collage.


The student classifies food and food combinations according to the Food Guide Pyramid.


-Magazines, newspapers, grocery ads
-Laminating machine
-Copy of school's lunch menu
-Copy of the food guide pyramid


1. Gather materials needed: posterboard, magazines, markers and glue. Some good magazines to look through are: Parents, Family Fun, Better Homes and Garden recipe section, grocery ads
2. A few days beforehand bring in magazines and ask students to do the same. Have students look for and cut out pictures of food.
3. Printout a copy of the food guide pyramid.
4. Write lesson plan.
5. Create collage for example.


1. Ask the students about their favorite foods.

2. Ask the students if this was the only food you ever ate, would it still be a favorite.

3. Talk about responses. Talk about the nutritional benefits of eating a variety of foods.

4. Describe the critical and non-critical attributes:
1. There are five major food groups.
2. The foods in the food groups are healthy and nutritious.
3. Foods that belong in the same group have similarities.
1. Foods like pizza and sandwiches do not fit into one food group.
2. Junk food is not a food group.
3. Fats, oils, and sweets should be used sparingly.

5. Hang a poster board collage up as an example of the work students will create. Ask the students to identify the different groups. Point to each group.

6. Point to a particular group and ask them what do all these foods have in common?

7. Have some non-examples and put them in a separate category.

8. Ask the students to name their favorite foods again and have them put them in the right food group.

9. When the students have identified the different food groups have them describe the critical attributes.

10. Take the school's lunch menu and go through it and identify which food groups the food belongs in. Ask the students if the menu is well balanced.

11. Introduce materials collected beforehand and have students create their own collages. Check for understanding.

12.Laminate and students have a place mat for use at home.


Students will create collages with foods separated into the five major food groups. The collages will be checked that all five food groups are correctly represented and labeled with at least two examples in each group.
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