Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Food Pyramid

Pam Kennon


Students understand the food pyramid, nutrients provided by each food group,and determine whether they are healthy eaters.


The student knows how personal health behaviors influence individual well-being.

The student knows the nutritional values of different foods.


-Reference program such as Encarta
-Three computers
-Internet access
-TCL video Food Pyramid (or similiar video on the Food Pyramid)


1. Know how to use Encarta.
2. Obtain a copy of TCL Food Pyramid from TCL, or a similiar video on the food pyramid. Additionally, copies may be ordered via the Web through is also a good site to check video times.
3. Gather materials for drawings and note cards.


1. Students will view and take notes on TCL "Food Pyramid." Students will have one note card for each group. They will note what foods are in this group, what nutrients are found in these foods, and number of servings needed.

2. Students will begin to write down what they eat for three days.

3. Students will be put in groups of three or four.

Group one will go to Encarta to find out about carbohydrates, protein, minerals, vitamins, and fats. These are the steps they should take:
a)Go to Encarta, then to Interactivity
b)Click on Personal Nutrition and choose age
c)Go to Analyze a Meal.
Students can click on the nutrients and a second screen comes up explaining what that nutrient is and how it benefits the body.

Group Two will go to to learn about fruits and vegetables.

Group Three will go to, then to Nutrition Cafe where they will play Grab a Grape, Add a Meal, and Nutrition Sleuth.

Students will rotate until each group has had one hour at each computer. In larger classes teachers can print out materials from Encarta on nutrients. While groups are on the computers, the rest of students can read the material and then find pictures in magazines or draw foods that provide those nutrients. They can make posters showing how each nutrient is important for the body and include pictures or drawings of the foods that provide those nutrients. Also, by using their notes from the video, students can work on drawing food pyramids or drawing balanced meals on paper plates.

4. At the end of three days, students will add their meals to Encarta's Personal Nutrition Interactivity to check on their diet, or to Nutrition Café's Add a Meal.

5. In small groups students will discuss their diets. They will determine if they have chosen foods that will provide them with nutrients to grow and develop. They will choose the best meals to present to the class. Then the class will evaluate the meals and discuss how decisions about what you eat affect your health.


Students answer 3 out of the 4 following questions.

1)What is a food pyramid?
2)What nutrients does each food group provide for your body?
3)How many servings should you eat for each food group? (These first three responses will be evaluated to see if students are able to recognize that their choices affect their well -being.)

Students will then finish the following phrase:
4)The last three days I have been a ____________ eater and give support as to what will make their diet better or why they have a good diet. Also they will explain what effect their food choices have on their health.

Students either recognize their choices make a difference or not.
Those students who did not successfully answer the questions will repeat the lessons.

Web Links

Web supplement for Food Pyramid
Family FoodZone

Web supplement for Food Pyramid
Dole web site

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