Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Analogies

Amanda Yates
Polk County Schools

Description

Students learn about relationships between words and then are expected to figure out the missing word for a list of analogies. This lesson is a good lesson to use with ESOL students or students who are having difficulty with word relationships.

Objectives

The student understands that there are patterns and rules in semantic structure, symbols, sounds, and meanings conveyed through the English language.

Materials

-A text book that gives an accurate definition of an analogy
-Overhead/Transparency
-Two sheets of chart paper
-2 markers
-Practice sheet with analogies (for each student)

Preparations

1. Get overhead/transparency ready. Write definition for analogy on transparency and write sample questions.
2. Write 8 analogy questions on 2 sheets of chart paper.
3. Make analogy practice sheet for students.
4. Make cover slips of paper and tack them over each question on the chart paper (You can use this method if you are worried about the -fairness- of the game).

Procedures

(Note: This lesson is well suited for ESOL students or students who are having difficulty distinguishing patterns and relationships.)

1. Ask students to tell you what they already know about analogies.

2. Use overhead/transparency and have students take notes you give about analogies. (Give the definition and how to read an analogy in sentence form.)

3. Call on students to answer analogies you have written on transparency.

4. Call on students to read analogies in sentence form. Example: Cat is to kitten as cow is to calf.

5. Divide students into 2 teams. Have each team sit on one side of the room.

6. Post the 2 sheets (one on each side of the room) with 8 analogies you have written.

7. Give the first person on each team a marker.

8. Have 1 student from each team go up to the analogy sheet and uncover the 1st question. Have each student from each team answer the question and then cover it back up. Have students from each team take turns doing this until all 8 questions are answered.

9. Then, (teacher) uncover question 1 from both teams' charts. Talk about the answers that were written and award 1 point to the team that answered correctly. If both teams answered correctly, award each team a point.
Repeat this process with all 8 questions.

10. Award the team that had the highest total score (You can give a free homework pass, pencil, or anything else that they would like). If there's a tie, give both teams a prize.

11. Tell students that you are going to give them a practice sheet. This sheet should be done on their own, not as a team. Give them 10-15 minutes to answer the 15 analogies.

12. Collect the papers and go over the correct answers (calling on students to answer).

13. End class by reviewing the definition of an analogy.

Assessments

The teacher will listen to students' responses to questions asked during lecture. The teacher will grade the practice sheets and reteach if a mastery level of 85 percent is not reached by individual students.

Extensions

1. You can add more questions on the chart paper (if you have a larger class).
2. An extension to this lesson, would be to have students draw picture analogies (for more visual aid).

Attached Files

Analogy practice worksheet     File Extension: pdf

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