Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Offensive and Defensive Strategies

Rebecca West


Students will understand what offensive and defensive strategies are and will develop their own offensive and defensive strategies in soccer.


The student uses basic offensive and defensive positioning while playing a modified version of a sport.

The student knows how to develop game strategies for offensive and defensive play (e.g., the strategies necessary to attack an attended and unattended goal).


-Enough cones for five soccer fields (1/4 the size of a regular soccer field).
-5 soccer balls
-Paper for each group
-Pencils for each group


1. Have students already split into groups.
2. Gather materials for the lesson (see materials list).
3. Prepare fields if necessary.


The student should know the basic rules and skills of soccer before this unit.

1. Discuss with the class that difference between offensive and defensive strategies.

2. Some examples of offensive and defensive strategies to include in this discussion are:
In basketball, you box out to keep the other team from retrieving the rebound. In volleyball, they have different plays so the other team will not know who is going to spike the ball, and in baseball a bunt would be an offensive strategy to try and move a runner around the base.

3. Have students name other sports and what their offensive and defensive strategies are.

4. Split class up into groups of four. Have each group work together and develop offensive and defensive strategies for soccer to be used by their group. Have each group write down their offensive and defensive strategies and turn them in.

5. Have each group play another group and see how their strategies work.


Bring students back together at the end of the lesson and:

1. Check their understanding by questioning them about offensive and defensive strategies.

2. Ask students how their strategies worked.

3. Walk around while students are playing and make sure they are using their offensive and defensive tactics while playing the modified version of the sport. Provide feedback to students on their strategies.

4. Assess each group's strategies that they turned in to see if they know how to develop game strategies for offensive and defensive play.
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