Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Playful Verbs

Janice Jowers
Okaloosa County Schools

Description

The students will learn how to read sentences and determine whether the verb tense of the sentence is past, present, or future. The children use this knowledge to play a station activity game.

Objectives

The student uses parts of speech correctly in written word (including but not limited to verb tenses, plurals of common irregular nouns, comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs).

Materials

- A copy of the Introduction Sentences with sentences representing past, present and future tenses (see Associated Files).
- A copy of the Playful Verbs game board (see Associated Files).
- A copy of the Playful Verbs sentences for the game board (see Associated files).
- A set of four file folders to use to make the folder games for the station activities.
- Index cards (either whole or cut in half) on which to glue or tape the sentences for the game
- Four dice (preferably ones whose numbers go up to only 2 or 3 so the game will last longer).
- Small manipulatives for the children to use as men on the game board.

Preparations

- Download the materials from the Associated Files.
- Make an overhead copy of the Introduction Sentences (found in Associated Files) to use on the overhead projector.
- Make sure the overhead projector is in position to project on the screen
- Prepare the four file folder games by printing the Playful Verbs game board (found in Associated Files) and gluing it inside the opened file folder. Print four copies of the Playful Verbs game board sentences, cut them apart and glue or tape each sentence on an individual index card, either whole or cut in half. There will be one set of sentences for each file folder game board. Glue the answers (see the Associated Files) on the back of the cards so they will be self-checking. You might want to laminate the file folder game and the cards so they will last longer.

Procedures

NOTE: This lesson only deals with verb tenses.
1. Prepare the four file folder games by printing the Playful Verbs game board (found in Associated Files) and gluing it inside the opened file folder. Print four copies of the Playful Verbs game board sentences, cut them apart and glue or tape each sentence on an individual index card, either whole or cut in half. There will be one set of sentences for each file folder game board. Glue the answers (see the Associated Files) on the back of the cards so they will be self-checking. You might want to laminate the file folder game and the cards so they will last longer.
2. Either find or make four dice that, preferably, have only the numbers 1, 2, and 3 on them.
3. Acquire small manipulatives such as erasers, coins, colored paper clips, etc. for the children to use as men.
4. Position the overhead projector ahead of time so all the children can see the story projected on the screen.
5. Project the sentences that demonstrate the verb tense of past, present and future (see Associated File) on the overhead projector.
6. Read and discuss the sentences with the students.
7. Explain to the students that some sentences tell about things that happened in the past and they are written in past tense. Some sentences tell about things that happen in the present and they are written in present tense. Some sentences tell about things that will happen in the future and they are written in future tense.
8. Elaborate on this concept by having the students share their ideas of sentences that have past, present and future tenses.
9. Explain to the students that when they go to the language learning station they will play a game called Playful Verbs that has sentences written in past, present and future tense. If they identify correctly the tense in which the sentence is written, they may roll the dice and move their man. The winner of the game is the one who gets to the end first.
10. Model for the students how they are to read each sentence and determine if it is written in past, present or future tense.
11. Place the Playful Verbs folder game complete with the sentence cards, dice and manipulatives for men in the Language station for the students to complete at station activity time.

Assessments

The teacher should observe the students as they play the Playful Verbs game. They should identify the verb tenses of the sentences with 80% accuracy. Students not scoring 80% accuracy should be retaught and reassessed.
Ask student to write two sentences for each verb tense: past, present and future. Have them label the sentences. Students who are not able to correctly write 6 sentences and identify the verb tense will need additional instruction and feedback.

Extensions

Extensions
Have the students write sentences that have past, present and future tense verbs. Cut out the sentences the students have written and glue them on index cards. Write whether they are past, present or future tense on the back of the cards. Let the children use their own sentences the next time they play this game.
Modifications
The students who have difficulty reading should work with a partner to make sure they read the words correctly to enhance their comprehension of this reading skill.

Web Links

Web supplement for Playful Verbs
The Wide World Of Verbs: Phrasal Verb Page

Web supplement for Playful Verbs
Grammar Gym

Return to the Beacon Lesson Plan Library.