Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Great Britain's Greatest Queen

Chet Geering


Students will be able to process a variety of information on the reign of Queen Victoria.


The student understands significant political developments in Europe in the 19th century.


-WORLD HISTORY THE HUMAN EXPERIENCE. New York: Glencoe McGraw-Hill, 2001. (or comparable text)
-Access to copy machine.
-Short Answer Questions (See attached file)
-Dry erase board


1. Read text Chapter 19 (or appropriate chapter).
2. Look through the procedure listing and make sure you are familiar with the terms listed within.
3. Make copies of questions for studetns.


1. Have students read chapter 19 in the text (or comparable chapter from another text) the night before the lesson.
2. Ask students, “What British Queen had the longest reign in British History?” (Answer: Queen Victoria 1837 – 1901.)
3. Ask students, “Which English King died in 1837?” (Answer: William IV, Queen Victoria’s uncle.)
4. Ask students, “Who was Victoria’s husband?” (Answer: Prince Albert)
5. Ask students, “Did Prince Albert help Victoria in running the empire?” (Answer: Yes.)
6. Ask students, “Who in the English system of government would advise the Queen on political issues and help her to run the government?” (Answer: Prime Minister.)
7. Ask students to list the places governed by Britain during Queen Victoria’s rule. (Answers should include the following places: India, Canada, Australia, Hong Kong, and many parts of Africa.)
8. List student answers on the board.
9. Ask students, “Why did Great Britain need colonies?” (Answer: To provide them with the raw materials and markets they did not have at home.)
10. Put students' answers on the board.
11. Ask students, “How did Britain change during Queen Victoria’s reign?” (Answers: Working conditions in the factories slowly improved, education became compulsory, voting rights were expanded, engineering was stressed in the field of science, and literature was stressed in a student’s education.)
12. Ask students to explain how each answer in #11 would affect the lives of the people.
13. Ask students, “Did life change in a significant way for the majority of the English people?” (Answer: No, unfortunately life was still very hard for many people. This was because most of the British population labored long hours on a farm or in a factory.)
14. Tell students that Victoria cared for the people, and the country, as a whole, prospered under her reign. However, factories were a necessary evil of the Industrial Revolution and needed to improve, and this was not yet accomplished by the time she died in 1901.)
15. Discuss with students what could have been done in England at the turn of the century to improve life for the average person.
16. Give students the questions on Queen Victoria as homework. (See attached file.)
17. Teacher evaluates the students' anwers. (See assessment.)


1. Students will be graded on their answers to the series of short answer questions provided.
2. The teacher can also informally evaluate the students by encouraging class participation and discussion by as many students as possible.

Attached Files

This list of short answer questions on the reign of Queen Victoria     File Extension: pdf

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