Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Three Wars Equal One New Country: Part 2

Chet Geering

Description

Students process a variety of information on how Germany became a nation. They are then asked to answer a series of short-answer questions on the topics discussed in class.

Objectives

The student understands significant political developments in Europe in the 19th century.

Materials

-[World History The Human Experience]. New York: Glencoe McGraw-Hill, 2001. (Or comparable text)
-Teacher Notes (See Associated File)
-Student copies of Questions for Unification of Germany (See Associated File)
-Teacher copy of Answer Key (See Associated File)
-Dry erase board and dry erase markers

Preparations

1. Read text Chapter 26 (or appropriate chapter).
2. Look over Teacher Notes (See Associated File) to be sure you are familiar with the material.
3. Make one copy of the Questions for Unification of Germany (See Associated File) for each student.
4. Complete the Beacon Lesson, Three Wars Equals One New Country: Part 1.

Procedures

1. Ask students, “Are there any questions about the previous lesson, Three Wars Equals One New Country: Part 1?”

2. Answer students' questions.

3. Ask students, “In order for Prussia to play the major role in a new German state, what other German state must be removed?” (Answer: Austria)

4. Ask students, “What is an underlying cause?” (Answer: A cause that develops over time)

5. Ask students, “What were the three underlying causes for the Austrio-Prussian War of 1866?” (Answers: Bismarck wanted universal suffrage. Austria wanted to free Schleswig and Holstein. Bismarck needed to get rid of Austria in order to create a united Germany.)

6. Put the answers on the board.

7. Discuss the answers to question #5 with the students.

8. Ask students, “What is an immediate cause?” (Answer: A cause that sparks a response in the immediate future)

9. Ask students, “What was the immediate cause of the Austrio-Prussian War of 1866?” (Answer: Prussia moves its army into Austrian-held Holstein.)

10. Put the answer on the board.

11. Discuss the answer to question #9 with the students.

12. Ask students, “What leader prepares Prussia for war in 1866?” (Answer: Bismarck)

13. Ask students, “What two countries does Bismarck keep neutral?” (Answers: Italy and France)

14. Put the answers to #13 on the board.

15. Ask students, “What does each country get in return for staying neutral?” (Answers: Italy gets some Austrian territory. France gets nothing.)

16. Put the answers for question #15 on the board.

17. Ask students, “What is the name of the decisive battle of the Austrio-Prussian War of 1866?” (Answer: Sadowa)

18. Put the answer on the board.

19. Ask students, “Which state wins the Austrio-Prussian War of 1866?” (Answer: Prussia)

20. Put the answer on the board.

21. Ask students, “What is the name of the peace settlement that ends the Austrio-Prussian War of 1866?” (Answer: Peace at Prague)

22. Put the answer on the board.

23. Ask the students, “What are some of the results of the Austrio-Prussian War of 1866?” (Answers: Austria is permanently out of German affairs. Austria pays reparations to Prussia.)

24. Discuss these results with students. Define “reparations.” (Reparations are payments made by the loser of a war to the winner of a war.)

25. Ask students, “Why was this war important?” (Answer: Prussia and Austria make up quickly. Austria is not a revisionist power. Prussia is now the dominant country in German affairs.)

26. Discuss the answers with the students.

27. Ask students, “What country is most upset about the result of the Austrio-Prussian War of 1866?” (Answer: France)

28. Put the answer on the board.

29. Ask students, “What country do you think Prussia will have to fight in order to unite all of the German states once and for all?” (Answer: France)

30. Put the answer on the board.

31. Pass out the list of Questions for Unification of Germany. (See Associated File)

32. Teacher evaluates students' answers based on the answer key in the associated file.

Assessments

1. Students are assessed by answering a series of short-answer questions on the topics covered in class. The questions and an answer key are provided in the associated file.
2. The teacher can also informally evaluate the students by monitoring and encouraging their participation in class discussion.
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