Beacon Lesson Plan Library

A Penny for Abe

Sandi King
Bay District Schools

Description

What do you know about Abraham Lincoln? Learn about his life, presidency, monument, and tribute to him through stories and poems. Students will also learn the attributes of a penny.

Objectives

The student knows and compares the values of a penny (1 cent), nickel (5 cents), and dime (10 cents).

The student knows selected patriotic songs associated with the United States.

The student listens to, views, and discusses stories, poems, and other media about selected men and women in the period of United States history before 1880.

The student listens to, views, and discusses stories, poems, and other media about selected American symbols that have emerged from past events, legends, and historical accounts (for example, the eagle, the Liberty Bell, George Washington as the 'father of our country,' the American flag).

The student listens to, views, and discusses stories, poems, and other media about selected important buildings, statues, and monuments associated with state and national history.

Materials

-Student Web Story, A Problem, a Penny, and a President (See Weblinks)

- A computer with AV/TV or computer lab

- Patriotic music

- Various pictures of Abraham Lincoln

- Book
Brenner, Martha. [Abe Lincoln's Hat]. New York. Random House. 1994. This is an easy to read book and is very appropriate for kindergarteners.

- Book
Adler, David A. [A Picture Book of Abraham Lincoln]. New York. Holiday House. 1989. This is the best choice for kindergarteners.

- Video
[Abraham Lincoln]. Northbrook, IL. Coronet Film & Video. This is an eleven-minute video of an eagle and robot sharing facts about Abraham Lincoln in an interesting way.

- Video
[President Abraham Lincoln, Animated Hero Classics]. Irving, TX. Living History Productions, Inc. 1993. This is an animated 28-minute video giving a story of Lincoln and his presidency.

- Pictures
[Washington D.C]. (20 pictures), Bay District Media Center 917.53 (384), pictures 16 and 17.

- One penny for each student

- Light brown (or any color you have that is close to the color of a penny) construction paper cut into a circle, from the pattern in the associated files, one per student

- Black profiles of Abraham Lincoln duplicated from the associated files, one per student

- Teacher information from the associated files

Preparations

1. Preview the Student Web Story, A Problem, a Penny, and a President. (See Weblinks for a link to the story.) Because of the audio attached, the download time for each page is long. To reduce this waiting time, download each page prior to the students using the story. The pages will be stored on your computer for quick and easy student access as long as your Internet access is maintained. When you close your Internet access or shut down your computer, you will need to preload this story again.

2. Locate various pictures of Abraham Lincoln.

3. Locate and preview the book [Abe Lincoln's Hat]. (See Materials.) This is an easy to read book and is very appropriate for kindergarteners.

4. Locate and preview the book [A Picture Book of Abraham Lincoln]. (See Materials.) This is the best choice for kindergarteners.

5. Locate and preview the video [Abraham Lincoln]. (See Materials.) This is an eleven-minute video of an eagle and robot sharing facts about Abraham Lincoln in an interesting way.

6. Locate and preview the video [President Abraham Lincoln, Animated Hero Classics]. (See Materials.) This is an animated 28-minute video giving a story of Lincoln and his presidency. There are many scenes showing fighting during the Civil War.

7. Locate and preview the pictures [Washington D.C.], (20 pictures) Bay District Media Center 917.53 (384), pictures 16 and 17.

8. Locate and preview recordings of various patriotic songs. Your music teacher is a good source for this recording. If one is not available, perhaps the music teacher will agree to produce a piano (or other instrumental) version.

9. Collect enough pennies for each student to be able to hold one while discussing the attributes of the pennies.

10. Locate light brown (or any color you have that is close to the color of a penny) construction paper. Cut it into a circle. See the pattern in the attached file. You will need one per student.

11. Cut out black profiles of Abraham Lincoln duplicated from the associated files. You will need one per student.

12. Use Sunlink to locate books and other media available in your district of Florida. (See the Weblinks area of this lesson plan.)

13. Preview, Patriotic Music. A variety of patriotic music is available.

Note: These specific books and resources may not be available to you. For the purpose of meeting the standard, any book, video, or other resource may be substituted for the ones mentioned above, as long as the students can listen to and view the story or poem pertaining to Abraham Lincoln, the Lincoln Monument, and our tribute to him on the penny.

14. Review and familiarize yourself with the additional teacher information about Abraham Lincoln available in the associated files.

15. Either reserve a computer lab which will allow pairs of students to view the Student Web Story or obtain a computer with display capabilities (AV/TV). Your media specialist should be able to help you with these items.

Procedures

Note: Abraham Lincolnís birthday is February 12. It is recommended that this lesson be completed during the month of February.

1. This lesson plan is associated with the Beacon Learning Center Unit Plan, Mr. President. If you are completing this lesson as part of the unit, be sure to review yesterday's information about Presidents' Day as a lead-in to today's lesson on Abraham Lincoln. A link to the unit is available in the Extensions section of this lesson plan.

2. As students are entering, play patriotic music. If students know the song, encourage them to sing it. At the conclusion of the song, identify the song and give some facts about its inclusion as a patriotic song. For example, if our national anthem is being played, discuss the fact that this song was written while the song writer was watching a battle during the war for our independence. He knew America had won because he could see the American flag still flying. That is what the song is about. Include a variety of patriotic music throughout the day's activities.

3. Hand each student a real penny. Initiate a discussion as to the person on the penny. (Answer: Abraham Lincoln) Why might he be there? (Answers: He was the 16th president of the US. He held the country together when we were fighting with each other, and some states did not want to be part of the United States.) What is on the back of the penny? (Answer: Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.)

4. The standards addressed in this lesson states the students will LISTEN TO, VIEW and DISCUSS stories, poems, and other media about selected men and women in United States history before 1880, American symbols that have emerged from past events, legends, historical accounts, and important buildings, statues and monuments associated with state and national history. In this lesson, students listen to and view various books, videos, filmstrips, and a Student Web Story. The materials recommended are examples of those that may be used. If you are familiar with additional materials that students can listen to, view and discuss that pertains to Abraham Lincoln, feel free to use your material. Care must be given to select media that addresses the man, his symbols, and his monument. The Student Web Story that accompanies this lesson is an excellent resource as it was developed to meet the standard.

5. During group reading time, read one of the books listed. Be sure to show the pictures and encourage discussion at appropriate intervals throughout the reading of the book. A formative assessment occurs as feedback is given to the students during the discussion. Be sure to give affirmative feedback, such as, "Yes, Abraham Lincoln loved to read." Also give corrective feedback, such as, "Abraham Lincoln was one of our presidents, but why do you think he is special enough to have a monument built to him?"

6. During whole group discussion time (unit time), view an appropriate video or filmstrip. Be sure to stop the viewing at appropriate intervals to discuss the action from the media selected and what it means. Be sure to give affirmative feedback, such as, "Right, Abraham Lincoln did carry papers in his hat." Also give corrective feedback, such as, "Look carefully at the picture again. Why do you think Mr. Lincoln was sad about the war?"

7. During small group, students listen to, view and discuss through interaction the Student Web Story, A Problem, a Penny, and a President. Students gain the most learning when pairs use Student Web Stories. This facilitates discussions between students, and students learn best when actively engaged in discussing what is being learned. After all students have had an opportunity to view the Web story, a discussion should be held. The discussion and formative feedback given, as a result of this Web story, are important parts of this activity.

8. During centers or activity time, have students glue Lincolnís profile onto the construction paper coin. Discuss the attributes of the penny (round, brownish or orangish, made of copper, smooth edges, Lincoln on the front, Lincoln Memorial on the back, which side is called heads or tails, and note Lincoln's head is facing right, but all other coins have the person facing left, value is one cent, when counting pennies we count by ones).

9. Have groups of students put their homemade pennies in a stack. Then select someone from the group to count the stack of pennies. Reinforce that students will be counting by ones. Reinforce the one-to-one correspondence that is occurring as students count the coins. Be sure to give formative feedback with both affirmative and corrective feedback.

10. Additional teacher information and patterns for the homemade penny are available from the associated files.

Assessments

Formative assessment will be administered as described in the Procedures section. Affirmative and corrective feedback must be given. Since this is an important part of student learning, formative assessments should be administered as often as possible.

This is Summative Assessment #2, Assessment Poem #2, "The Hat." See the instructions in the unit plan for administering this assessment. This assessment should be administered beginning on day 7 of the unit. See the Extensions section of this lesson plan for a link to the unit and unit assessments. A practice assessment to assist students in taking this style assessment is available with Summative Assessment #2.

Extensions

1. The Beacon Unit Plan associated with this lesson can be viewed by clicking on the link located at the top of this page or by using the following URL: http://www.beaconlearningcenter.com/search/details.asp?item=2944. Once you select the unitís link, scroll to the bottom of the unit plan page to find the section, ďAssociated Files.Ē This section contains links to the Unit Plan Overview, Diagnostic and Summative Assessments, and other associated files (if any).

2. The Student Web Story can be used as a shared reading activity teaching phonics, context clues, or punctuation. It is an excellent opportunity for a picture walk or retelling of the story. This particular story lends itself well to the discussion of fact and fiction, as well as real and make believe.

3. Using a magnifying glass, find Lincoln sitting inside the memorial on the back of a penny.

4. Appropriate art activities can be added to enhance the students' knowledge of Abraham Lincoln.

5. Students can complete the Student Web Story in small groups or in a whole group setting according to the availability of technology. Many school media centers now have a computer projector that will project the enlarged computer screen allowing for class use of the Student Web Story.

Web Links

A search site for media in Florida public schools.
SUNLINK

Gives great information about the life of Abraham Lincoln.
History, Abraham Lincoln, Sixteenth President 1861-1865

Information about the Lincoln Memorial.
Monuments & Memorials Ė Lincoln Memorial

Information about the various U. S. coins.
Fact Monster, U. S. Coins

A variety of patriotic music is available.
Patriotic Music

Use this Web story to explore Abraham Lincolnís presidency as he comes to life to help with a problem. Audio is available.
A Problem, a Penny, and a President

Attached Files

Teacher information†††††File Extension: pdf

Pattern for the homemade penny†††††File Extension: pdf

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