Beacon Lesson Plan Library

What's the Title?

Janice Jowers
Okaloosa County Schools

Description

The students learn about the concept of main idea by completing a whole group activity with the teacher. They then use their knowledge to complete an assessment sheet in which they determine the main idea of several mini stories.

Objectives

The student understands explicit and implicit ideas and information in third-grade or higher texts (for example, main idea, implied message, relevant supporting details and facts, chronological order of events).

Materials

- Overhead copy of the Main Idea Teacher Introduction Lesson. (see Associated Files)
- Overhead projector
- Overhead making pens
- Copy of both sides of the Main Idea Student Worksheet to duplicate (see Associated Files)
- Poster or pictrue of children reading

Preparations

1. Download the Main Idea Teacher Introduction Lesson (see Associated Files) and make an overhead copy.
2. Gather overhead projector and projector pens.
3. Download both sides of the Main Idea Student Worksheet (see Associated Files).
4. Duplicate both sides of the Main Idea Student Worksheet, making enough copies for each child.

Procedures

1. Set up the overhead projector.

2. Hold up a picture or poster of children reading. You could use one of the reading motivational posters that are sold in teacher stores. Ask what is the main idea of this poster. Answers will vary, but should relate that the main idea of the picture or poster is that reading is important and fun.

3. Display the Main Idea Teacher Introduction Lesson (see Associated File) on the overhead and complete the activity together with the students. Read the first paragraph together with the students. Read the three main idea choices under the paragraph and discuss with the children which main idea choice tells what the whole paragraph is about. The answer to which is the main idea is under each paragraph. Explain to the children that the other choices tell only part of the story, but the main idea of a paragraph is what the whole paragraph is about.

4. Distribute to the children the Main Idea Student Worksheet. (see Associated File) Explain that they are to read the mini stories and choose the main idea of each story. They are to put the letter under their answer choice at the bottom of the page in the puzzle sentence to see what the answer to the riddle is. If they have done the Main Idea Student Worksheet correctly the answer to the riddle will be Moo York.

5. Circulate around the room as the children are completing the Main Idea Student Worksheet. Offer assistance and feedback such as: I'm sorry, Andy, you must have forgotten that the main idea of a paragraph is what the whole story is about. Let's try re-read the paragraph and think about what the whole story is telling.

6. Collect the papers and assess the student's competency in this skill. Discuss with the students what they have learned and go over the answers to the Main Idea Student Worksheet to give the children immediate feedback.

Assessments

To review the studentsí comprehension of this skill, the teacher do a formative assessment of their Main Idea Worksheet (see Associated File) using the riddle. If they have answered the worksheet correctly the answer to the riddle will be Moo York. The students should complete the formative assessment sheet with 80% accuracy. Students not scoring 80% accuracy should be retaught.

Extensions

Extensions:
Write several topic sentences on the board. (Some examples are: Our classroom is a busy place.; I have fun at home.; Many animals are interesting to learn about.) Have the students choose one of the sentences to write into a paragraph. They should first write the topic sentence they chose and then write three sentences that add details. After they write their paragraph, they should illustrate their story.
Modifications:
The students who might have difficulty with this assignment should work with a partner to read the stories. This will enhance their level of competency in this skill.

Web Links

Student activities
Main Idea

Student information with quiz
Finding Main Ideas In Paragraphs

Student information
Support Paragraphs

Student information
Meteor Main Ideas

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