Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Common Commas

April Smith


The students identify where to place commas in a word series sentence and is appropriate for ESOL students.


The student knows patterns and rules found in the English language (for example, grammar usage, word pronunciation).

The student identifies patterns and rules found in the English language (for example, grammar usage, word pronunciation).


-Each student needs three or more objects that are no larger than their hands, which can include toys or school supplies.
-Paper and pencils
-Large sheets of drawing paper


1.Locate extra items in the event some students do not have any on hand.
2. Get large paper and crayons so the students can decorate their favorite sentences.
3. Create a list of goals for your students. An example of a goal is, to enhance writing skills.


1. Each student is either given or asked to take out three objects.

2. Pick a student to say a sentence using his/her three objects. Write the sentence on the board.

3. Explain that everytime more than three items are in a sentence, a comma must come after each item.

4. Tell the students to write a sentence using their items. Explain that they will get to read their favorite sentences outloud to the class. Circulate and offer feedback as students are writing the sentences.

5. When the students are finished writing their sentences they switch items with another student and write another sentence. Students do this until at least 5 sentences have been written. Circulate and offer feedback.

6. The student then picks his/her favorite sentence and writes it on a large piece of paper which is decorated using crayons.

7. When all the students are finished writing and decorating their favorite sentences they read them outloud in front of the class.


Conduct a formative assessment during the last part of the lesson when the students read their favorite sentences. Make sure that students are have correctly added commas into the sentences. For those who are incorrect, verbally ask them to say the rule that was discussed at the beginning of the lesson. Refer them to the sentence that is on the board and allow them to correct their own sentencts. In this way, the teacher will have a chance to correct student mistakes, while teaching and reviewing that skill with the rest of the class. Doing this will help show the areas in which students need additional help.


This lesson is just a small part of how commas are used. While exploring one way to use commas, other ways are always discussed and explored. This will help to distingish when to use a comma and when not to use one.

Web Links

This web site contains a worksheet the teacher can print and use for additional practice with students.
Teaching Guide

Return to the Beacon Lesson Plan Library.