Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Verbs in the Past

Janice Jowers
Okaloosa County Schools

Description

The activity addresses one part of this standard in which the students learn about the past tense form of many irregular verb forms. The children complete a worksheet activity in which they practice forming the past tense of irregular verb forms.

Objectives

The student uses parts of speech correctly in written word (including but not limited to verb tenses, plurals of common irregular nouns, comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs).

Materials

- Overhead projector
- Overhead projector markers
- Copy of the book Kites Sail High: A Book About Verbs by Ruth Heller
- Overhead Copy of the Verbs In The Past Teacher Introduction Lesson (see Associated Files).
- Copies of the Verbs In The Past Teacher Introduction Lesson, one copy for each child (see Associated Files).
- Copies of the Verbs In The Past worksheet, one copy for each child (see Associated Files).
- A copy of the Verbs In The Past Answer Key (see Associated Files).

Preparations

1. Make sure you have access to an overhead projector.
2. Gather markers for the overhead projector.
3. Obtain a copy of Kites Sail High: A Book About Verbs by Ruth Heller
4. Download the Verbs In The Past Introduction Lesson (see Associated Files) and make copies for each child.
5. Download the Verbs In The Past worksheet (see Associated Files) and make enough copies for each child.
6. Download the Verbs In The Past worksheet Answer Key (see Associated Files).

Procedures

1. Read the story Kites Sail High: A Book About Verbs by Ruth Heller aloud to the students. Emphasize that verbs are words that show physical or mental action, being or state of being.
2. Re-read the story pointing out the verbs in the past tense. Emphasize that most verbs form the past tense by adding d or ed. Point out examples of this from the story.
3. Pass out the students' copies of Verbs In The Past Teacher Introduction lesson. Place the overhead copy of Verbs In The Past Introduction Lesson on the overhead projector.
4. Explain to the students that not all verbs form the past tense by adding d or ed. Some verbs are irregular and do not follow the regular pattern.
5. Tell the students that the activity they are going to do will teach them some of these irregular verbs along with their past tenses.
6. Complete the introduction lesson together with the students. Accept studentsí answers for the past tense form of the verbs that would correctly fill in the blanks. Write the studentsí answers on the overhead Verbs In The Past Introduction Lesson. Have the students write the same thing on their copy of the Verbs In The Past Introduction Lesson.
7. While the students are filling in their worksheets the teacher should circulate and offer feedback to them. The teacher could offer assistance such as: James, think about if you drink a glass of water. What would you say about drinking the water if you already did it. You would say - you drank the water.
8. Upon completion of this introduction lesson, have individual students share the past tense forms of the verbs they have written. This will reinforce the skill by re-emphasizing the correct answer and correcting the wrong answers. Praise the students for their answers. If their answer is wrong, guide them to the correct verb tense.
9. The teacher should note the students who seem to be struggling and provide them with extra assistance.
10. Collect these papers after they have been shared.
11. Pass out the Verbs In The Past worksheet and explain to the students that they are going to write some more irregular verbs in their past tense.
12. Complete one of the items from the worksheet together with the students to ensure comprehension of the instructions.
13. Explain to the students that when they finish writing the past tenses of each verb in the blanks, they will choose one of the sentences to illustrate at the bottom.
14. While the students are completing the Verbs In The Past worksheet, circulate and offer feedback to them. Note which students are struggling and provide them with extra assistance.
15. As a follow-up activity have the students turn their Verbs In The Past worksheets over and draw two columns. At the top of one column write present and at the top of the other column write past. Number from one to ten in each column. In the present column write ten verbs in the present tense. In the past column write the same ten verbs, but write them in the past tense. Have the students illustrate one of the verbs.
16. Once students have completed their work, collect their papers and assess according to the criteria listed in Assessment (below).

Assessments

To evaluate the studentsí comprehension of this skill, observe their work in the Verbs In The Past worksheet. This would be a formative assessment. The students should complete the past tense of the verbs with 80% accuracy. The evaluation is based on a 100% possible score. Students not reaching 80% should be re-taught and reassessed.
The present and past tense verbs the students write on their own should be formatively assessed, being sure they have written the verbs and their past tenses correctly. Again, students should score 80% accuracy based on a 100% possible score. Those not reaching 80% accuracy should be re-taught and reassessed.

Extensions

Extensions:
Have the students choose a picture book to read. After reading the book have the students divide a paper in half. On one side of the paper write present, and on the other side write past. Have the student write five to ten verbs from the story they read. If the verb is in the present, write the verb on the present side of the paper. If it is in the past, write the verb on the past side of the paper. They can then draw illustrations of one or more of the verbs they wrote.
Another extension would be to have the students take this paper, or another student's paper and write the present tense of the past tense verbs, and the past tense of the present tense verbs.
Modifications:
The students who might have difficulty with this assignment should work with a partner to read the words. This will enhance their level of competency in this skill.

Web Links

Worksheet of regular and irregular verbs.
Regular and Irregular Verbs

Common English irregular verbs, including their base form, past simple, past participle, 3rd person singular, and the present participle / gerund.
List of English Irregular Verbs

Attached Files

This file has the Verbs In The Past Teacher Introduction Lesson to download and duplicate for use in introducing the concept. It also has the Verbs In The Past worksheet and answer key to download and duplicate.
Verbs in the Past Worksheet     File Extension: pdf

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