Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Los Opuestos

Amanda Yates
Polk County Schools


Students learn the words in the target language Spanish for six pairs of opposite words. Students then demonstrate their comprehension by drawing a picture to illustrate each opposite and rewriting sentences containing the Spanish opposites.


The student restates and rephrases simple information from materials presented orally, visually, and graphically in class.


-Overhead transparency
-Overhead projector
-List of Opposites in Spanish/English (See Associated File)
-Three pictures, class volunteers, or objects to demonstrate the opposites
-Opposite Squares sheet, one per student (See Associated File)
-Opposite Questions sheet, one per student (See Associated File)


1. Write the List of Opposites on the transparency. (See Associated File)
2. Get the overhead projector ready.
3. Make enough copies of the Opposite Squares and Opposite Questions sheets (See Associated File), so that each student has one.
4. Gather the objects or pictures you need to model the opposites.


1. Use objects, class volunteers, pictures, or a combination of all three to show students as you say a sentence about the pairs of opposites. Example: Have a tall person and a short person stand in front of the class. Say, “Ella es alta. Ella es baja.” (She is tall. She is short.) Point to the volunteers and have the students say the sentence about each one.

2. Use all pairs of opposites and repeat this process. Note: Use objects for feo (ugly) and bonita (pretty).

3. Show students the overhead transparency where you have already written the six pairs of opposites in Spanish and English. Have the students copy the words, and you pronounce them again.

4. Tell the students to put away the notes that they just took.

5. Give them the Opposite Squares paper. (See Associated File) Instruct them to try to draw a picture for each opposite. Tell them that once they have done all they can without their notes that they may use their notes to finish the others and check the ones they've completed.

6. When everyone is finished, go over the sheet with them, calling on students to come and show or tell what they drew for each word.

7. Now, tell the students to put away their notes and leave out the Opposite Squares sheet.

8. Give them the Opposite Questions sheet. (See Associated File) Read over the directions and answer any questions they have.

9. Walk around and observe how students are doing on the practice work.

10. Collect the practice work. Give positive/corrective feedback.


Observe the students as they are working on the practice sheets, then check the Opposite Questions sheet. Give the students positive as well as corrective feedback on their work. Check to make sure they were able to translate the sentences and that they were able to write the correct opposite word for each sentence.


1. This lesson can continue for a whole week. All you have to do is add more opposites to the list and repeat the process over.
2. Modifications: Have students who you find to be struggling (from the results of the practice work) make flash cards to study the opposites. Also, have the students redo the Opposite Questions sheet as many times as it takes for them to receive a perfect score.

Web Links

This site is useful for English to Spanish translations.
Spanish Translations

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