Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Patterns All Around

Deirdre Byrne


This lesson provides students with fun ways to explore and create patterns using paint, pattern blocks, paper shapes, and musical instruments. The students will be able to show their understanding of creating and extending patterns.


The student uses concrete objects to create a pattern.


-Paper shapes of various colors (triangle, rectangle, square, circle, diamond, oval)
-4X18 inch construction paper strips
-10 rhythm sticks
-5 tambourines
-5 drums
-Red, blue, yellow, green liquid tempera paint
-9x18 inch construction paper
-Styrofoam plates
-Various sponge shapes
-Smock shirts
-Pattern blocks


1. Gather the counting bears for part 1.
2. Cover worktable with newspaper for the painting station. Set up paints in Styrofoam plates. Put various sponge shapes in the paints. Place smock shirts at the station.
3. Set out a tub of pattern blocks at a table or on the floor for the pattern block station.
4. Set out musical instruments in another part of the room for the musical pattern station.
5. Cut out or use the Ellison to make various shapes of various colors for the paper pattern station. Put glue, paper shapes, and 4X18inch construction paper strips at the fourth station


NOTE: The second half of this lesson plan should be done on a rotation basis through four stations leaving 15 minutes for each station with four to five students at each station.

1. Bring students to group time to discuss what an ABC pattern is. Tell students that a pattern repeats itself over and over. Show students several examples of an ABC pattern made with counting bears using three colors to make the pattern. (Example: red bear, blue bear, yellow bear, red bear, blue bear, yellow bear).

2. Ask students to get their pretend magnifying glasses out to search for an ABC pattern in the room, and ask students to go to where they have found their patterns. Let students observe each otherís pattern that they have found.

3. Bring students back to group time to explain the four stations they will rotate through.

4. Station one: Make an ABC pattern using the paints and sponges on the 9X18 inch construction paper. Show an example that you have made ahead of time.

5. Station two: Make an ABC pattern using pattern blocks. Show an example using pattern blocks.

6. Station three: Make an ABC musical pattern using the rhythm sticks, drums, and tambourines.

7. Station four: Make an ABC pattern using the paper shapes, 4X18 inch strips of construction paper, and glue.

8. At this time circulate to each station to assist students in creating a repeatable pattern.

9. Rotate each station after approximately 15 minutes.


Observe students work as they choose their pattern of choice. Assist individuals who may have difficulty at this time by checking to see that their pattern repeats itself correctly. In a small group setting, the student use concrete items to demonstrate the ability to create an ABC pattern correctly.


1. Allow students more practice with making patterns in the days to follow by using other concrete materials like letters of the alphabet, large size blocks in multicolors for ESE students with fine motor difficulty, and food items like gummy bears, or froot loops.
2. For ESE students who have difficulty repeating the patterns on their own the teacher can have a peer helper, or a volunteer make a pattern and have the student finish the pattern.
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