Beacon Lesson Plan Library
Wicked Similarities and Differences in Cinderella
DescriptionDo your children have a difficult time with story details? The following lesson helps your children focus and listen to stories in order to identify similarities and differences in those stories.
ObjectivesThe student identifies similarities and differences between two texts (for example, in topics, characters, and problems).
-Book: Perrault, Charles. [Cinderella]. Simon & Schuster Children's, 1997. (If this is not available, [Cinderella] is available from various other authors.)
-Book: Steptoe, John L. and Kohen, Clarita (translator). [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale]. New York: Lothrop, Lee & Shepard, 1987.
-3 Sheets of chart paper
-2 Sheets of blue construction paper
-1 Pair of adult scissors
-A class set of Venn diagrams (See Associated File)
Preparations1. Get your markers, scissors, blue construction paper, and chart paper out.
2. Create a large copy of the Venn diagram on a piece of chart paper to complete as a class at the end of the lesson.
3. Print and copy a class set of Venn diagrams for your students. (See Associated File)
4. Make two clouds with your blue construction paper with the labels: “What's the same?” and “What's different?”
5. Check out or purchase copies of [Cinderella] and [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale], from the library, your local bookstore, or online at www.barnesandnoble.com.
6. Read the stories to familarize yourself with the books.
7. Create a list of vocabulary words that are not familiar to your students or a list of words that you would like to review with your students.
1. Begin the lesson by asking the children to look at each other and think about how they are all the same.
2. Then ask the children to give examples, such as each child has two arms, legs, and eyes.
3. Ask the children to look again to see how they are different from the other children in the classroom.
4. Again, ask the children to give examples (i.e. different shaped faces, different color hair and eyes, different clothes).
5. Tell the children that they will be listening to two different stories. They will be challenged to find as many things that are the same in both stories and as many things that are different.
6. Ask the children if they have heard the story [Cinderella].
7. Tell the children that there are many different versions of [Cinderella]. Each version is not the same.
8. After a brief discussion, tell the children that today they will hear one version of the story called [Cinderella] and tomorrow they will hear another version called [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale].
9. In developing the purpose for listening to the stories, tell the students that they will be listening for the details that are the same in both stories and the details that are different in both stories.
10. Introduce and list any vocabulary from [Cinderella] that the children have not been exposed to. Discuss the words and write the definitions. Choose children to use the words in a sentence to assure understanding of the words.
11. Show the cover of the book and discuss what the children see. Remind them of the purpose for listening to the story.
12. Read the story [Cinderella] with discussion as needed.
13. After reading the story [Cinderella], have the children identify the following: main idea, characters, setting, problem, and story details.
14. List the above items on your chart paper.
15. Remind the children that they will be listening to a similar story the next day.
16. On the following day, review the previous day's lesson, including vocabulary and story parts.
17. Introduce the story, [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale]. Follow the procedures used in Day 1 for introducing the traditional version of [Cinderella] (develop reason for listening, introduce unfamiliar vocabulary, etc.).
18. Discuss the cover of [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale] and make a comparison with [Cinderella] read on Day 1 (i.e. both covers have a picture of a girl).
19. Read the story [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale] with discussion as needed.
20. After reading the story, [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale], again have the children identify the following: main idea, characters, setting, problem, and story details.
21. List the above items on your chart paper, overhead or chalkboard.
22. Discuss and list on both charts the differences.
23. On a separate chart, list one of the similarities found in the two stories, [Cinderella] and [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale].
24. Explain how a Venn diagram is used (show example on chart paper) and that each child will be completing their own Venn diagram. (See Associated File)
25. Tell the children that they need to list at least three similarities and three differences for each story, with the similarities listed in the overlapping part of their individual Venn diagram. Refer to the two blue clouds with the headings “What's the same?” and “What's different?” to reinforce what the children's focus is.
26. Give examples on your copy of the Venn diagram that is displayed. Remember not to list more than two examples, as the children will need to demonstrate their knowledge of identifying similarities and differences between two texts.
27. As the children are completing the activity, walk around the room and conference with the individual children giving specific positive feedback.
28. When the children have completed their copies, complete the class Venn diagram on the class chart together with the children sharing information from their individual Venn diagrams.
29. Collect Venn diagrams and record that the activity was completed. Conference with any children that were unable to complete the activity (this could/should have been done during the completion of the activity).
30. Return the completed Venn diagrams to each child with supportive comments.
AssessmentsUsing the Venn diagram, the students list at least 3 differences and 3 similarities between the stories [Cinderella] and [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale], that have not been listed on the teacher's sample chart to show understanding. The completed Venn diagram should demonstrate the children's ability to identify similarities and differences between two texts (i.e. Similarities: Both stories have 3 sisters; Differences: [Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters-An African Tale] has a witch and [Cinderella] has a fairy godmother).
Extensions1. Use other related books to identify more similarities and differences. For example:
[Chinese Cinderella: The True Story of an Unwanted Daughter] by Adeline Yen Yen Mah;
[The Persian Cinderella] by Shirley Climo;
[Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella Story From China] by Ai-ling Ling Louie;
[Sootface: An Ojibwa Cinderella Story] by Robert D. San Souci;
[The Rough-Face Girl] by Rafe Martin;
[Smokey Mountain Rose: An Appalachian Cinderella] by Alan Schroeder; and/or
[Cinderella Bigfoot] by Mike Thaler.
These books are available at www.barnesandnoble.com. (See Weblinks)
2. Use other texts to identify similarities and differences (i.e. [The Three Little Pigs] by David Weisner and [The True Story of the Three Little Pigs] by Jon Scieszka).
3. Have the children write an alternative ending to [Cinderella].
4. Have the children write a journal entry in which they tell why they would or would not recommend this book to a friend.
5. For ESOL children that are not writing in English, have the children dictate their answers to complete the Venn diagram.
Web LinksWeb supplement for Wicked Similarities and Differences in Cinderella
Barnes & Noble
Attached FilesThis file contains the Venn diagram. File Extension: pdf
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