Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Simple Seasonal Sentences

Jane Gutridge

Description

Seasonal pictures stimulate students to think of sentences using proper nouns including months of the year and the days of the week. Students practice writing simple sentences with capitalization and punctuation.

Objectives

The student uses end punctuation and capitalizes initial words of sentences, names of people, `I`, days of the week, and months of the year.

Materials

-Tape
-Seasonal and holiday pictures representing months and special days
-Clear plastic sandwich bags, one for each picture posted
-Vocabulary cards with months of the year, days of the week, and seasonal holidays (See Associated File for initial list)
-Poster of Simple Sentence Rules and Checklist (See Associated File)
-Overhead projector
-Overhead pens
-Dry erase board/chalkboard
-Dry erase markers/chalk
-Paper and pencils
-Markers
-Sentence strips

Preparations

1. Collect seasonal and holiday pictures; calendars are a good resource.
2. Print vocabulary cards to label months, days, and seasons. (See Associated File)
3. To make an interactive bulletin board with seasonal pictures and vocabulary flash cards (with the months of the year, days of the week, and special holiday words), put a clear plastic sandwich bag under each picture to put the matching vocabulary word in. Include a current calendar on the bulletin board.
4. Make a poster by enlarging the Simple Sentence Rules and Checklist in the associated file.
5. Post the Checklist and Simple Sentence Rules. (See Associated File)

Procedures

1. Let's play the season/holiday match. Can you match the name the month to the holiday or seasons represented by the picture? Students match the holidays and seasonal words to the appropriate picture. After matching the words to the pictures, look at the words that name the seasons and months. What do you observe about the words that name the holidays, months, and days? The holiday words all begin with capital letters and are called proper names. What are some other proper names? People's names are special and are proper nouns and are capitalized as well as when you use the word “I.”

2. The word “I,” special holidays, days of the week and months of the year are proper nouns and are capitalized. Let's write samples of proper nouns on the board. Look at the seasonal bulletin board for proper nouns.

3. Now we are going to put these words into seasonal sentences. Each sentence begins by capitalizing the first word. Remember to capitalize months of the year, days of the week, all proper nouns and don't forget “I.” Each sentence ends with punctuation--a period, question mark, or exclamation point. Tell me a sentence about your favorite holiday. Use the month in which it occurs. (Write the sentence on the board.) Do you see a picture on the bulletin board that represents this holiday or month?

4. Let's look at our favorite holiday and month. Review the Simple Sentence Rules chart. (See Associated File) Review the use of question marks, exclamation marks, and periods. Give an example of each type of sentence.

5. Introduce the Checklist (See Associated File) focusing on capitalization at the beginning, proper nouns, “I,” subjects, a verb (active or passive), and punctuation.

6. Have students find a partner to compose a sentence using the holiday words. Write one sentence including a holiday and month or day. Refer students to the bulletin board. When they are finished, ask for volunteers to put their sentences on the board. Correct the sentences as a class following the Simple Sentence Rules and Checklist. (See Associated File)

7. Refer students to the bulletin board to help them think about their favorite holiday. Have students write 5 sentences about favorite holidays, months or special days using correct capitalization and punctuation.

8. As the students are writing, observe each student. Give positive feedback; encourage the students to refer to the Checklist and Simple Sentence Rules chart. Encourage them to review their sentences.

9. Collect the papers.

10. Evaluate papers. Highlight errors according to given Checklist.

11. Return papers to students.

12. Have each student pick his/her favorite sentence to write on a sentence strip to put on the “Simple Seasonal Sentences” bulletin board and read to the class.

Assessments

Formatively assess the students as they write five sentences about their favorite holiday including month of the year and/or day of the week. Specifically look for 5 sentences that:
-correctly use a capital letter at the beginning of the sentence;
-include a subject and a verb;
-include days of the week or months of the year;
-use capitalization for proper nouns and “I;”
-use correct punctuation.

Extensions

Have reading-level vocabulary words available for students to use to help write their sentences and assist in spelling. Encourage the use of the dictionary and thesaurus to replace tired, worn-out words for the more advanced students.
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