Jennifer SlichterSanta Rosa District Schools

Description

This is an interesting lesson on putting letters and words in alphabetical order that involves games and cooperative learning to solve problems.

Objectives

The student knows alphabetical order of letters.

Materials

-Time clock with buzzer
-Large alphabet cards
-Dry erase or chalkboard
-ABC Beat the Clock Worksheet (See file attachment)
-ABC Flashcards (1 set per group of four students)
-2 Pocket strip charts
-Telephone book
-Students last names written on flashcards.

Preparations

1. Arrange two pocket charts in the front of the room at opposite ends of the chalkboard.
2. Make ABC Flashcards (one set for each group of four students)
3. Make flashcards of last names of each student in the room.
4. Locate or borrow a time clock with a buzzer.
5. Make copies of the ABC Beat the Clock worksheet (one for each student in the room). (See file attachment)

Procedures

*Note: This lesson only deals with alphabetical order not numerical order.
1. Hold up the time clock. Ask the class to raise their hands if they like to play games. Enthusiastically tell the class that they are going to have the opportunity to play a game involving putting letters and words in alphabetical order.

2. Discuss the importance of knowing how to alphabetize. Hold up the telephone book. Tell the class that the names are written in alphabetical order in this book. This helps us to quickly locate information and names quickly and easily.

3. Remind the class that when we say or sing our ABC's we are putting our letters in order. Sing the ABC song as a class.

4. Tell the class that we are going to be divided into teams of four in order to practice putting our alphabet letters in order.

5. Divide the class into groups of four and pass out the alphabet cards.

6. Hold up the timer and say we are going to play ABC Beat the Clock. The timer will be set for 3 minutes and we are going to see if any group is able to arrange their cards before the buzzer goes off. (Repeat the game increasing the time limit if the groups are having difficulty or lowering the time if the groups finished quickly).

7. Tell the students to go back to their seat.

8. Tell the class that now we are going to poractice putting words in alphabetical order.

9. Model how to put words in alphabetical order. Tell the class that we are going to practice putting our last names in alphabetical order. Pull three students last names from the flashcard pile and put in random order in the pocket chart. Tell the class to only look at the first letter in each word.

10. Ask the class which letter comes first if we were singing or saying the alphabet. Get responses. Point to that word and tell the class that this word will come first in alphabetical order.

11. Ask the class to look at the two remaining names on the pocket chart and to look at the first letter in each name to find the letter that comes first in the alphabet. That word will come next in alphabetical order.

12. Tell the class that we are going to play another Beat the Clock game where we put our last names in alphabetical order.

13. Divide the class into two teams.the other. Explain to the class that three cards with last names will be put in random order on each side of the two pocket charts located on opposite ends of the chalkboard and the first person who puts the names in order will receive a point for their row. The timer will be set for 90 seconds. The winner will be the one who arranges the card the quickest in ABC order. That winner will get a point for their team. If the buzzer goes off before they figure it out, neither side will get a point.

14. Ask for volunteers to represent their rows and play the game. Repeat the game until everyone has had a turn. After each turn, give the student volunteers a chance to tell their peers how they put the words in alphabetical order in their own words.

15. Write the words: box, bat and bite on the board.

16. Ask for a student volunteer to come to the board and underline the first letter in each word.

17. Instruct the students that when the first letter in the word is the same we have to look at the second letter when we arrange words in ABC order.

18. Ask for a volunteer to underline the second letter in each word.

19. When the student has underlined the second letter. Ask him and the class to only look at the second letter to find which word will come first in alphabetical or ABC order. Ask the class to look closely at box, bat and bite. Ask which comes first in the alphabet o,a or the letter i? Get responses.
When a student correctly says letter a, write a number one beside bat and explain that this would come first in alphabetical order. Ask which letter comes next in the alphabet the o or the i? Get responses. When a student correctly says i, write the number 2 beside bite and explain that that word will come next in alphabetical order. Then write a 3 beside box and explain that this word comes last because the o is the last letter of the alphabet.

20. Pass out the ABC Beat the Clock Worksheet (See file attachment).

21. Give directions for the worksheet and model with the class how to do the two examples on the worksheet.

22. Students will complete the worksheet.

23. Circulate and assist students having difficulty.

24. Call for students volunteers to solve the problems on the worksheet on the board.

25. Quick review with the class of what they learned today about putting words in alpahbetical order. Remind the class that we look at the first letter in each word to find out which word comes first in ABC order. If the first letter is the same then we must look at the second letter in order to determine which word comes next in ABC order.

Assessments

*Note: This lesson focuses on alphabetical order not numerical order.

This is a formative assessment using flashcards to put letters and words in alphabetical order with their group in an orderly helpful manner. Students will demonstrate the ability to put words correctly in order playing the games and on the Beat the Clock worksheet. Collect worksheets. Check for correct answers. Students who miss two or more problems on the Beat the Clock worksheet will be given more practice and opportunites to master the skills and will have another opportunity to do the worksheet again.

Extensions

Students may do extra credit centers where they try to locate names in a phone book. Students may also be given extra practice at alphabetizing by puttting their Spelling words in alphabetical order. This lesson can be good for ESOL students as well because students have the opportunity to peer teach when they explain how they put the words in alphabetical order. Students hear from their peers in their own language the steps necessary to put words in ABC order.