Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Why Do Authors Write?

Delshuana Jackson
Gadsden County Schools

Description

In this lesson students use short reading passages to identify, explain, and discuss the author's purpose for writing.

Objectives

The student states the author's purpose and relates it to specific details from the text.

Materials

-Chalk and chalkboard
-One copy of graphic organizer, one per child (see Associated File)
-Teacher selected examples of reading passages from various types of media (examples: newspaper, textbook, journal, diary, essay, magazine, letter)
-Copy of short reading passage, one per child

Preparations

1. Collect examples of written materials that illustrate each authorís purpose for guided practice.
2. Collect examples of written materials that illustrate each authorís purpose, one per child.
3. Make copy of graphic organizer, one per child.

Procedures

1. Students should have prior knowledge of authorís purpose before beginning assignment.

2. Review with students the definition of authorís purpose. Also, review the four purposes for writing (persuade, inform, entertain, share a personal experience).

3. Explain that authors donít usually state a purpose, so you need to pay close attention to the details that are given in the text in order to be able to determine the authorís purpose for writing.

4. Tell students that an easy way to remember the four purposes for writing is to use the mnemonic device P.I.E.S.

5. Remind students that if they know the authorís purpose for writing, they will become better readers.

6. Next, display several reading passages on the chalkboard that express each authorís purpose (persuade, inform, entertain, share a personal experience).

7. Pass out to students a copy of the passages displayed on chalkboard.

8. Draw four columns on the board. Label each column with one of the four purposes for writing.

9. Have students silently read over the passages that were given to them.

10. After students have finished reading their passages silently, as a class, discuss which paragraphs fit into each column on the board. Have students further explain and discuss details from the different passages that explain the authorís purpose for writing.

11. Have students brainstorm and give other examples of writing that fit under the correct column on the chalkboard. (examples: essay, phone book, map, recipe, encyclopedia). Make sure that students are able to explain and discuss their answers.

12. Say to the students that now itís time for them to work independently.

13. Pass out one reading passage and one graphic organizer to each child.

14. Tell the students that they are to read each passage and pay close attention to the specific details in the passages that they receive. After paying close attention to the specific details in the passages, they are to identify the authorís purpose in the center of their graphic organizers and list four supporting details around the authorís purpose that prove, explain, and discuss the authorís purpose for writing the passage.

15. After each student is finished with his/her assignment, he is to share his graphic organizer with a peer.

Assessments

Students identify the authorís purpose in a short reading passage and complete a graphic organizer that explains and lists four details for each purpose chosen.

Web Links

At this Website there are worksheets that the teacher can use to remediate, if needed.
Author's Purpose

Attached Files

A Graphic Organizer.     File Extension: pdf

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