Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Prove it! Fact or Opinion

Michelle Barlow


The purpose of this lesson is to teach students the difference between fact and opinion. Students have an opportunity to pick out facts or opinions in reading and to create their own fact or opinion statements.


The student identifies examples of fact, fiction, or opinion in text.


-Overhead projector
-Markers for the overhead
-Fact and Opinion statements on overhead transparencies
-Fact and Opinion statement cards
-A box with various fruits and vegetables


1. Create a list of facts and opinions about yourself on an overhead transparency.

2. Prepare index cards with facts and some with opinions (make sure there is one for each child).

3. Secure enough fruits and vegetables so that each group will have a different fruit or vegetable.


1. Get the students' attention by placing a list of statements about yourself on the overhead projector. Tell the students that some of the statements listed are facts and can be proven. Give students an example of a fact, (i.e. the world is round.) Explain that the remaining statements are opinions. Tell the students that although an opinion may be true, it is not something you can prove. Give the students an example of an opinion, (i.e. the color red is pretty.)

2. Allow the students to work with a partner for about five minutes in order to decide which statements are facts and which are opinions.

3. Call the students' attention back to the overhead projector, and call on students to discuss which statements they decided were facts and which were opinions. Make sure the students tell why they felt a statement was either a fact or an opinion.

4. Give each child a card with a statement on it. Have the students read their cards out loud and tell whether their statement is a fact or opinion, as well as explain why their statement is a fact or an opinion.

5. Explain to the students that they are now going to practice writing facts and opinions of their own. Divide students into groups of three or four students. Give each group one fruit or vegetable. Tell the students to work together to come up with as many facts and opinions as they can to describe their fruit or vegetable. Allow groups about ten minutes for this activity.

6. Have each group present their fruit or vegetable as well as share the facts and opinions they came up with.


To assess students' understanding of facts and opinions give each student a sheet with ten statements. Have the students mark the statements as facts or opinions and tell why the statements are facts or opinions. Students show mastery with 80% or higher correctness.


If the students have mastered the assessment, extend the activity by having them choose a fruit or vegetable. Explain to the students that they are going to write a paragraph about the item they chose and their paragraph must include at least two facts and three opinions about their fruit or vegetable.

For students that score below 80% on the assessment, provide more practice with a peer. Have those students write a list of facts about themselves and then a list of opinions they would want someone to say about them.

Attached Files

A quiz to assess students' mastery of facts and opinions.     File Extension: pdf

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