Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Constructing Contractions

Beverly Iacobellis
Bay District Schools


This game was developed to reinforce the skill of making contractions and the use of the apostrophe in contractions.


The student uses a variety of spelling strategies (for example, knowing root words, prefixes, and suffixes; using word families, syllabication).


-Teacher made letter cards (8.5- x 11-)
-One apostrophe card (8.5- x 11-)
-Chart with markers
-Contraction review sheet (See Associated File)


1. Make the letter cards and an apostrophe card. (You can make them out of construction paper. I prefer white construction. I would laminate them for future use.)
2. Have a chart ready with markers in front of the classroom.
3. Duplicate enough copies of the contraction worksheet.


1. Introduce the concept of contractions in a previous lesson.

2. Have the children sitting at their desks or sitting on the floor.

3. Review contractions and their construction.

4. Inform the children that they're going to play an exciting, new game about contractions.

5. Every child receives two cards.

6. The teacher writes two words on the chart.

7. The students look at their cards.

8. If the student has a letter card needed to make the contraction, s/he stands up.

9. One student also has the apostrophe card. (This is a good role for your more timid students.)

10. The teacher says, -Please come to the front of the classroom and construct your contraction.-

11. If the students don't -construct- it right, ask them to try again.

12. After they correctly -construct- their contraction, let one of the students write it on the chart next to the two words.

13. The game can continue until you've sufficiently reinforced the concept.

14. After the students have had a chance to thoroughly practice -constructing- contractions, provide them with a contraction worksheet to complete at their desk (see Associated File.)

15. After the students have completed the worksheet, have the students write sentences using the contractions on the chart. This is a good activity to do the next day to reinforce the previous day's activities.


Formatively evaluate the class based on their participation in the game. The attached worksheet can be used as a formal evaluation after students have had substantial practice in making contractions. The formal evaluation can be done based on their answers on the contraction worksheet. You can give a numeric grade based on the number of contractions correctly constructed. Another evaluation will be if the child can use the contractions properly in sentences.


You can also practice your spelling words this way. I would call out the spelling word, and let the students stand up when they realize they have a letter used in that word.
Have the students write stories using a given list of contractions.
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