Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Good Health Care

Joyce Sewell
Bay District Schools

Description

Students learn about safety, nutrition, personal hygiene, dental health, and the effects of rest and physical exercise on the human body. Students become aware of the jobs related to each of these health areas.

Objectives

The student reads text and determines the main idea or essential message, identifies relevant supporting details and facts, and arranges events in chronological order.

The student organizes a speech using a basic beginning, middle, and ending.

The student solves problems by generating, collecting, organizing, displaying, and analyzing data using histograms, bar graphs, circle graphs, line graphs, pictographs, and charts.

The student analyzes real-world data to recognize patterns and relationships of the measures of central tendency using tables, charts, histograms, bar graphs, line graphs, pictographs, and circle graphs generated by appropriate technology, including calculators and computers.

The student uses statistical data about life situations to make predictions and justifies reasoning.

Materials

-Calculators
-Stop watches
-Computers
-Printer
-Scanner
-Book binding material
-Computer programs like Data Wonder by Addison-Wesley.
-RESOURCE PEOPLE: School Nurse, Dentist & Hygienist, Coach, School Resource Officer, and School Lunchroom Manager.

Preparations

l. Contact resource people about presenting facts and materials to students, and set up dates and times for each group's interview.

2. Collect materials for the students to complete research on each topic.

3. Establish a time line for the groups to complete research, reports, charts, posters, graphs, and oral presentations.

Procedures

Divide your class into small groups, and assign each group a topic to do research, surveys, interviews, charts, posters, and report the results with a written and oral report. There will be four or five students in each group. This will be a collaborative project and will result in everyone in the group receiving the same grade. For this reason, the grades are best used as formative information rather than summative.

Topics for research reports:

1. The importance of personal hygiene such as bathing and washing your hair. The group will interview our School Health Nurse. This group will do a survey on how often you should bathe and wash your hair. They will make a bar graph showing the results. They will visit the health nurse and find out how to control and prevent the spread of lice. Then they will produce a poster about lice and some tips on getting rid of them.

2. The importance of dental hygiene and the health professionals who assist with this care. These students will do personal interviews with the Dentist and Hygienist. They will find out the proper way to brush and floss their teeth. They will find out about the difference between baby teeth and permanent teeth. They will find out what causes cavities and will learn how to prevent this from happening. They will use the dentist report to do a survey on the number of cavities for girls and boys in our class. They will make a chart and a graph showing the results of the Dentist`s visit.

3. The importance of exercise and rest on the human body and the careers that result from this area. This group will interview the Coach. They will find out about the effects of exercise on muscles including the heart. The Coach will teach them to count their pulse in a resting position as well as after exercising. He will do an experiment with our class and have the students keep records of their pulse rate over a six week period of time to see if there is an improvement in their pulse rate. We will use the results of this experiment in math class to show the results with a spreadsheet and graphs. They will do a survey on the amount of rest and exercise they get each day. They will write a report and produce a graph to show the result.

4. The importance of maintaining good health habits to prevent illness. This group will interview the School Health Nurse. They will find out about good health habits to prevent illness. They will produce a chart with tips for staying well. They will do a survey to find the age and birthday of each student. They will measure the height of all the students in our class and do a spreadsheet to show the height, age and date of birth. They will determine the average age, height and date of birth for a third grade student.

5. The importance of nutrition on your body. This group will interview the Lunchroom Manager. They will find out the proper nutrition required to maintain a healthy body. They will make a poster to show the basic food groups. They will find out how many servings a day you should eat from each group. They will do a survey to find out our favorite foods and plan a nutritious meal. They will use the results of our survey to do a spreadsheet, produce graphs, and write a report which we will share with the Lunchroom Manager.

6. The importance of practicing good safety habits. This group will interview the School Resource Officer. They will find out some good safety tips and make a poster. They will do a survey to see how many students have a smoke detector in their home. They will find out how many students have found a gun while playing in their home. They will find out how many students sit in the front or back seat and if they wear a seat belt. They will complete spreadsheets and graphs to show the results.

Assessments

A rubric will be used to evaluate these group projects:

4: Topic is clearly explained. Charts, graphs, and posters are accurate and support the topic. Presentation is well organized and interesting.

3: Topic is explained. Charts, graphs, and posters are presented. Presentation is organized.

2: Topic is stated but is not explained. Some charts, graphs or posters are used. Presentation is partially organized.

1: Topic is not clear. Few if any supporting charts, graphs, or posters. Presentation is disorganized.

0: No effort made.

Extensions

The Unit on Good Health Care can be modified to meet the varying learners' styles or exceptionalities. Assign students to do collabrative jobs according to their strengths. Each member of a group should feel successful with their part of the group activity.
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