Beacon Lesson Plan Library

How Do You Do?

Annemarie Hayes

Description

Students research organisms living in the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge and identify their relationships.

Objectives

The student knows the interrelationships in a local ecosystem.

Materials

- Internet access
- Reference books
- Magazines with pictures for cut outs
-Construction paper, computer paper, scissors, glue, markers
-Various -frufru- to spice up their product
-Handouts from the attached file

Preparations

1. Familiarize yourself with sites on the Internet. See links.
2. Copy worksheets

Procedures

Prerequisites--Knowledge of:
biotic/abiotic
ecosystems
carnivore, herbivore, omnivore

Teacher note- Familiarize yourself with the Web World Wonders site. This site will soon have 5 cameras accessible through the Web for still shots. You can move the camera and focus in on anything within the camera's range. One of the five cams will be at the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1. Using books or the Internet, research the following : predator, prey, parasite, host, consumer, producer, decomposer, scavenger, symbiosis, mutualism, parasitism, commensalism.

2. Students search the Internet to find out what organisms can be found living in the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge. They can work in pairs or groups. Students list the organisms on the handout (see attached file). It's also helpful if you have them list the website they were resourcing.

3. Using the information students have collected, have them determine the relationships between organisms on the attached handout (see attached file).

4. Have students create a picture book demonstrating their understanding of relationships. Print out a copy of the rubric to give to the students and share with them how to get the maximum amount of points. A minimum of 2 examples for each relationship is needed: parasitism, commensalism, mutualism, predator/prey. Students may draw, use pictures off the Internet, or magazine pictures.
Names of organisms must correlate to what is found at the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.
(Teachers, here is where you need to use your judgment on how many of each relationship you will require. Parasitism may be difficult for the students to find. You may also change the relationships you are looking for. You could use these instead: consumer/producer, consumer/food, predator/prey, scavenger/food, and maybe just discuss decomposer/food.)

Assessments

Worksheets (formative assessment)
I like to collect the worksheets and formatively assess student understanding. Students who do not show understanding of the relationships need to conference with the teacher and receive feedback and further instruction.
Picture book (summative assessment)
Rubric:
4- Student has created a picture book using organisms found at the MI National Wildlife Refuge. Student demonstrates a clear understanding of relationships. Student has used a minimum of 2 examples for each commensalism, mutualism, parasitism, and predator/prey. Student has included pictures and labeled the organisms.

3- Student has created a picture book using organisms found at the MI National Wildlife Refuge. Student demonstrates a clear understanding of relationships. Student has not used a minimum of 2 examples for each commensalism, mutualism, parasitism, and predator/prey. Student has not consistently included
pictures and labeled the organisms.

2- Student has created a picture book using organisms found at the MI National Wildlife Refuge. Student demonstrates some understanding of relationships. Student has not used a minimum of 2 examples for each commensalism, mutualism, parasitism, and predator/prey. Student has not consistently included pictures and labeled the organisms.

1-Student has created a picture book using organisms. Student does not demonstrate a clear understanding of relationships. Student has not used a minimum of 2 examples for each commensalism, mutualism, parasitism, and predator/prey. Student has not consistently included pictures and labeled the organisms.

0-No attempt to create a picture book.

Extensions

When the cam is up and running, it can be used to observe organisms at the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge. These pictures can be saved and printed and used in the students' picture book.

Web Links

Web supplement for How Do You Do?
Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge

Web supplement for How Do You Do?
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service: Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge

East Central Florida Wildlife Viewing Sites
Wildlife Viewing in Florida's East Central Region

Web supplement for How Do You Do?
Web World Wonders

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