Beacon Lesson Plan Library

In Summary

Martha Todd
Santa Rosa District Schools

Description

Students use a text to practice summarizing and matching summaries to the correct text.

Objectives

The student uses a variety of strategies to monitor reading in fourth-grade or higher texts (for example, rereading, self-correcting, summarizing, checking other sources, class and group discussions, questioning whether text makes sense, searching for cues, identifying miscues).

The student uses a variety of strategies to monitor reading in fifth-grade or higher level texts (for example, adjusting reading rate according to purpose and text difficulty, rereading, self-correcting, summarizing, checking other sources, class and group discussions, trying an alternate word).

Materials

-Textbooks (each group should have the same text, one per student)
-Chalkboard/chalk
-Paper and pencils for each student
-Sticky note for each student

Preparations

1. Predetermine reading selections for Day I step 3. (Choose a section from text with 5-6 paragraphs.)
2. Predetermine groups for Day 2.

Procedures

Day 1
1. Read aloud a selection from one of the studentís library books to the class. Ask someone to tell you, briefly, what the passage was about. Explain that they have just summarized the selection. Write the words summary and summarize on the board. Discuss why knowing how to summarize would be helpful.
2. Read aloud a selection from someone elseís book and let a student summarize it. Do this step until students grasp what summarizing is.
3. Now students practice summarizing on their own. Give each student a small sticky note. Walk around and point out the paragraph that you want each child to summarize. The student puts his/her name on the sticky note & puts it in the margin beside the paragraph they are assigned. They should try to keep it a secret as much as possible.
4. Explain that each student is to read the entire selection silently and write a brief summary of the paragraph they were assigned. Keep the summary until tomorrow.
Day 2
1. Put students in groups of 5-6. (It doesnít matter if more than one student summarized the same paragraph.)
2. The students read their summaries one at a time, while the other group members look in their texts and try to determine which paragraph the student is summarizing. (The reader should hide his/her book while reading so the other group members canít tell which paragraph he summarized.)
3. The group members decide among themselves which paragraph it is, and make a guess. The sticky note should still be beside the paragraph for confirmation.
4. The reader tells them if they are right. If not, they look at the reading again.
5. The next student reads his summary and the students repeat steps 2-4 until all summaries are read.

Assessments

This assessment is formative. The teacher circulates and monitors as students summarize and share summaries. Suggestions are made and questions answered as the lesson progresses.

Extensions

1. Students could summarize a book they have already read which would serve to motivate others to read that book also.
2. To make the assessment summative, the students could be assigned another paragraph to summarize and turn in to be graded
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