Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Lesson Plans - Learner Level 2

• ¿Que'Ttiempo Hace Allí? (Authored by Rosalind Mathews.)

Description: Students complete a chart by using Spanish to obtain weather information on cities around the world and report their findings to the class using Spanish phrases. Students may convert temperature from Celsius to Fahrenheit and locate cities on wall map if available.

• 10 by 10 Tessellations (Authored by Susanna Vondeck.)

Description: The students will work cooperatively to create tessellation patterns by playing 10" by 10" Tessellations. They need to use critical thinking skills to decide if pattern block plane figures will tessellate and how each block will best fit into the pattern.

• 3-2-1 Blast Off! (Authored by Denise Russell.)

Description: This lesson in motion offers students the opportunity to work cooperatively in groups to assemble and launch a rocket.

• 30 Days Hath September (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students learn the poem -Thirty Days Hath September- in preparing for learning about the number of days in the months and year. Once memorized, they practice using the calendar to count the number of days in different problems.

• A Bar of Many Colors (Authored by Janet Greathouse.)

Description: Students use colored candies to collect data, construct double bar graphs, and find averages.

• A Busy Pump (Authored by Diane Schmidt.)

Description: Students demonstrate how the human heart works with a written summary and labeled illustrations.

• A Colony is Born - Lesson 1: Hull of a Ship (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: This is the introductory lesson to the Unit Plan: A Colony Is Born. In this lesson, a bulletin board for the unit will be started, Colonial Notebooks will be presented to each student, and a pre-test on colonization will be administered.

• A Colony is Born - Lesson 11: Group Presentations and Summatives (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Group presentations will be for the next three days. Classroom students take notes on the presentations and play a card game for content review. On day four, the short answer summative assessment is given, and notebooks are turned in.

• A Colony is Born - Lesson 2: Sez Who? (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: This is the second lesson in a unit on colonization. It establishes baseline knowledge of students' understanding of primary and secondary sources and the likenesses and differences of them with regard to a selected historical event.

• A Colony is Born - Lesson 3: Marking Time (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: This lesson swiftly travels through time from 1492 to 1607. Significant events are marked on a timeline, note taking is modeled, and a focus on reasons for leaving England for the New World is clarified with the use of a graphic organizer.

• A Colony is Born - Lesson 4: What Went Wrong? (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Lesson 4 focus is on Roanoke and Jamestown. Students examine what worked well, what did not, and significant events of the two colonies. Students emulate modeled note taking, use a T-chart for organizing the information, and make additions to timelines.

• A Colony is Born - Lesson 5: Dear Mem (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: The primary informational source of journal writing is the focus. Journal entry traits and rubric expectations are established. Identified and charted by students, they'll be used to assess examples and be a guide for students' required journal writing.

• A Colony is Born - Lesson 6: To Leave or Not to Leave (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: A pivotal point of the unit. Students, assigned a reason for coming to the New World, will utilize the resources in their notebook to establish an identity. Three regions settled will be identified, and students will associate with a particular region.

• A Colony is Born - Lesson 7 - 10: What's My Line? (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: These four lessons represent the guided resource time that groups need to research their assigned regions, complete the regional guide, and prepare their group presentations.

• A Dog Eat Dog World (Authored by Rhonda Traweek.)

Description: Students label animals as producers, consumers and/or decomposers and explain the basis of that designation. They distinguish between aquatic and terrestrial organisms.

• A Growing Vocabulary (Authored by Kathy Boyte.)

Description: Watch your intermediate students’ vocabulary and critical thinking skills grow with this reading activity that also provides many opportunities for extensions.

• A Hymn for the Classroom (Authored by Tisa Craig.)

Description: This lesson introduces students to hymn singing and allows them to participate as singers in the choir and as accompanists in the bell choir.

• A Look Through Time, Final Project (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: This is the final lesson in a three-part series seeking to answer the question, -How do we know about history?- Students will use previously gathered research to produce tourist pamphlets that highlight historical county events.

• A Model Project (Authored by Cynthia Spear.)

Description: This activity is a concrete way to introduce students to equivalent forms of fractions and decimals. The student constructs models to represent a fraction or a decimal.

• A Place for Me in the Field of Music (Authored by Tisa Craig.)

Description: Students listen to interviews with career musicians. Students work in groups to present to classmates the life, music, inspiration, and goals of a favorite composer, performer, or group.

• A Play on Words (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: Students make predictions about the story Verdi, based on the cover. After hearing the story they will make a new list of descriptions, personality traits, etc. Students will select an animal and write a narrative story about the animal.

• A Press Conference With Abraham Lincoln (Authored by Francis Sicius.)

Description: Abraham Lincoln (teacher) will deliver his First Inaugural Adress and then accept questions from the Press. (Students) This lesson should be used after a study of the Civil War, including the leaders.

• A Rocky Situation (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Days 4 and 5 of the unit Bedlam in Bedrock. Students use reference materials to explore how rocks can be broken down to form soil, the processes of weathering and erosion, and how landforms change over time.

• A Sneaky Poem (Authored by Julia Balukin.)

Description: Using poetry to share their ideas, students incorporate a subject and its synonym, and the parts of speech to create a Sneaky Poem.

• A Sweet Twist on Mean, Mode, and Range (Authored by M Dennis.)

Description: This lesson helps the student collect, organize, and analyze data to model concepts of mode, median, and range.

• A Taste of Blackberries (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: [A Taste of Blackberries] provides a wonderful shared reading experience for fourth graders. The main character in the story helps the reader understand ways to manage grief in the loss of a best friend and identify skills of a responsible family member.

• A Wall of Symmetrical Shapes (Authored by Barbara Johnson.)

Description: Students explore line(s) of symmetry in polygons during a hands-on activity and a Student Web Lesson. Information learned is used to build a wall of symmetrical shapes designed and drawn by students.

• A Whale of a Tale (Authored by Kelly Allen.)

Description: Students will research and gather facts about whales and use this information to create a narrative (story) with interesting and realistic elaborations.

• Adding and Subtracting Fractions (Authored by Yunling Zhang.)

Description: Students learn addition and subtraction of common fractions by incorporating the use of hands-on manipulatives and diagrams.

• Addition Relay (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students will add two digit numbers by renaming ones.

• Age Is Relative (Authored by Lynda Penry.)

Description: Students calculate how old they are in three units: months, weeks, and days. Then, they write about how they solved the problems.

• Algebra Wizards (Authored by Jesica Goodman.)

Description: Hey! Are you an Algebra wizard? It is as easy as one, two, three to be the greatest wizard in all the land. So take out your magic wand and put on your magical thinking hats to see if you too know the magic equation to be an Algebra Wizard.

• Alien Behaviors (Authored by Lisa Capon.)

• Subject(s): Applied Technology, Language Arts, Science (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: Students work in cooperative groups to list and classify which human characteristics are learned and which are inherited. Each student then writes a letter identifying and explaining learned and inherited human characteristics.

• Alien Pen Pals (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: Students write a friendly letter to an alien informing it about the planet Earth. Students use editing skills and brainstorming skills to produce a final product.

• All Aboard the Peace Train (Authored by Leslie Gortemoller.)

Description: Through a literature-based lesson, students identify perserverance and problem-solving strategies. This could also be utilized as a behavior management technique.

• All Aboard! All Aboard! The Essay Train (Authored by Brenda Lewis-Williams.)

Description: All aboard! All aboard! Ride the English Trax! Come and enjoy a train ride with [The Little Engline That Could] and learn how to create a five-paragraph essay train.

• All About Me (Authored by Vicky Nichols.)

Description: This lesson allows students to learn about each other and their cultural backgrounds and provides an opportunity for students to have a long-distance relationship with students in another state/country .

• All About Me - A Poem (Authored by Beth Hilton.)

Description: Students create a free verse poem about themselves. This lesson can be used to introduce students to one another at the beginning of the school year, or during the school year when studying famous Americans.

• All About Me-I'm My Own Research Project (Authored by Brenda Lazarus.)

Description: This lesson is an introduction to teaching students how to do a research project. Students learn how to categorize information about themselves and relate to categorizing information on sea animals for a future research project.

• All Fractions Are Created Equal (Authored by Dawn Dantowitz.)

Description: This lesson is introducing students to equivalent fractions using concrete materials.

• All I Want for Christmas (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students work in pairs to use real life interests to create a wish list from catalogues and sale ads based on a given budget. This lesson gives the students math practice in the areas of addition, subtraction, and estimation with money.

• Almond Magi (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Almond Magi involves students in calculating the ingredients needed in a multiple recipe and testing their calculations prior to the cooking adventure.

• Amazing Adjectives (Authored by Andrea Austing.)

Description: In this lesson students will compose sentences that use descriptive adjectives to describe a specific food and day that they both like and dislike.

• Amazing Animals (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Amazing Animals gives students an opportunity to use their estimation skills as they compare amazing animal facts to their human world.

• America Doubled (Authored by Andrea Raley.)

Description: What could you do with 15 million dollars? The US doubled in 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase. Students learn about Lewis and Clark and experience traveling through the land like them rationing out what items they would need and their importance.

• America's First Pictures (Authored by Francis Sicius.)

Description: Students will search on-line early photo archives from the Smithsonian located at http://memory.loc.gov/ammem in order to draw conclusions about life in the mid-nineteenth century.

• American History Research with Visual Timeline (Authored by Carter Hannah.)

Description: Students write a three page research paper choosing their topics from a Washington, D. C. landmark and create a project depicting their topics to go on a time-line.

• An Atlas of Health Care (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Partner teams utilize programs such as Street Atlas USA and Student Writing Center software packages to research and publicize an alphabetical directory of maps that indicates the precise location of the community’s health care facilities.

• An Invitation to Simple Machines (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: The principal with a hurt foot needs our help! Students are challenged to devise ways to move the principal around the school by exploring simple machines. They then write an invitation for parents to come view the simple machines and web page reports that students create.

• An Overview of the Civil War (Authored by Diane Krapf.)

Description: Examine the history of slavery in the U.S. and how it contributed to the Civil War. Students will use available technology to research and present information in response to a series of student-generated questions.

• An UnCOMFORTable Situation (Authored by Barbara Johnson.)

Description: Students explore the relationship between the area of square units and their perimeters in a hands-on activity. Observations are recorded, and students begin to recognize that shapes with the same area can sometimes have different perimeters.

• Analogies in Foreign Language Classes (Authored by Joanna Lowe.)

Description: Students decipher and create analogies in the target language.

• Ancient Egypt (Authored by Lois Christensen.)

Description: Students present a report about ancient Egypt through group work devoted to structured research. Comprehension is assessed through a Jeopardy game format.

• And the Number Is (2nd Grade) (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students create their own Mystery Numbers by giving clues about the name, value, and multiples of the digits which comprise the number.

• Angels of Generosity (Authored by Amy Hayes.)

Description: This lesson uses ANGEL CHILD, DRAGON CHILD by Surat to identify generous actions. Students will keep a generosity journal reflecting acts of kindness they performed each week.

• Animalopedia Poetry (Authored by Prudence Mason.)

Description: Students work in groups to research animals and write poems for an Animalopedia classroom book.

• Anyone for Lunch? (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: The student will use statistical methods to record and make inferences about real-world situations using graphs.

• Architecture Makes an Imprint (Authored by Kim Salesses.)

Description: Students will explore architecture of the world, uses of buildings and discuss architecture as a career. Students will work in cooperative groups and present their findings to the class.

Description: Students analyze three presidents. They create a graphic organizer explaining how three influences for each president affected the development of the New Nation.

• Are We the Same? (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students identify and make symmetrical figures.

• Are You a Peacemaker or a Man-Eating Shark? (Authored by Teri Grunden.)

Description: Students work on the concept of "fairness" through a group activity, discussion, and written responses with conflicts/resolutions from a short story, and then produce a page on the computer (or on paper) for a class book.

• Are You for Real? (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students review newspaper articles, magazine articles and advertisements to determine if they are informative or persuasive. They identify the methods that the writers use to persuade or inform the audience.

• Area Adventure (Authored by Teri Grunden.)

Description: Students use manipulatives (paper squares, geoboards) to figure out the area and learn that area = length x width. Students learn how to solve real-world problems involving area.

• Arithmetic Artistry (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students will create a classroom quilt that illustrates the many unique ways that children use math skills.

• Around the World in 5 Days (Authored by Georgia Roberts.)

Description: This is an introductory lesson on the seven continents. Students learn the continents, draw a map, discuss cultures, use research to learn geography, and investigate cultures. The purpose is to help students understand that we live in a global world.

• Around the World with Multiplication (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: This is a fun and exciting game that reviews the multiplication facts.

• At the Governor's Mansion (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: -At the Governor's Mansion- is a mock visit to -talk with- our state governor and his family while -touring- the lovely mansion facility. Students report interesting facts that they learn about the governor in the class-made book.

• At War With Multiplication (Authored by Shannon Safriet.)

Description: Many children may have played War with cards before, but this lesson adds a little twist. The children will be practicing their recall of the multiplication facts while playing cards!

• Aviator Timeline (Authored by Stuart Brannon.)

Description: The students choose five famous aviators to research and present the information in a timeline format. The students use a variety of sources for their information.

• Awesome Alliterations (Authored by Regina Letizia.)

Description: The learner will build an interest and appreciate poetry through writing alliterative poems.

• Back Up (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Day 10 of the unit [Inventions and Inventors]. Students have fun participating in a review game by identifying significant people who have made contributions in the fields of communication, technology, and science.

• Bah Humbug (Authored by Nicole Briggle.)

Description: After listening to Charles Dickens’ [A Christmas Carol] and Dr. Seuss’ [How the Grinch stole Christmas], students create a Venn diagram comparing and contrasting the two main characters.

• Balanced Equations (Authored by Judy Fox.)

Description: If your students have a hard time understanding variables, this lesson is for you. It is wonderful for the visual student. In the lesson students will use weights and a balance scale to show how the sides of an equation are equal.

• Balloon Bustin' Biographies (Authored by Idella Kruger.)

Description: Using balloons as inspiration, students choose a famous person to research. Students view videos, read electronic encyclopedia summaries, and/or biographies of a famous person from the past, then create a one to three page report.

• Bargain Hunter (Authored by Kelly Allen.)

Description: Students will engage in a classroom shopping adventure to search for the best bargains.

• Barge Building…What Floats Your Boat? (Authored by Glenn Rutland.)

Description: Using aluminum foil, pennies, and water, students build a barge that will float while holding the largest number of pennies. Students will learn problem solving, estimation, weight and balance, and the causes and effects of water displacement.

• Bark/Meow, Purr/Snort - Oh, What a Voice! (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: Students will do teacher directed experiences to understand voice in writing. Students will complete a narrative writing depicting two animals/things that are opposite by focusing on different voices.

• Be a Responsible Citizen: Vote! (Authored by Lisa Whildin.)

Description: Explore American citizens' rights and responsibilities through group research on the Internet and presentation of content to the class.

• Beams and Bones (Authored by Joyce Dowlatram.)

Description: The human body is like a house. Students use this analogy to learn how some parts in the human body interact.

• Beat the Wheel (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: This lesson provides an opportunity for students to practice multiplication facts in a large group setting.

• Because I’m Big and Bad! (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students use -The Three Little Pigs- and -The Three Wolves and the Big Bad Pig- to identify cause-effect relationships.

• Benjamin Franklin and Electricity (Authored by Paul Baldauf PhD.)

Description: This is an interdisciplinary lesson combining exercises in Language Arts and Science, and includes discussions and written assignments on one of the seminal figures in science, Benjamin Franklin, and continues with simple experiments in electricity.

• Better than Average (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students use baseball cards to understand averages, decimals to thousandths, and the real-world use of math.

• Big Brain Central (Authored by Shelley Mann.)

Description: Students set up Editing Centers and become trained specialists in certain components of editing. Peers come to specialists for editing needs.

• Big Dog and String-bean (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students read a story and identify the pronouns. They determine what noun from the story these pronouns stand for. They then enhance their knowledge of pronouns by completing an assignment that practices this language skill.

• Birthday Blast (Authored by Amy Brown.)

Description: -Birthday Blast- will allow students to become familiar with their classmates birthdays as they gather information and interpret the results using a tally chart, a pictograph and a bar graph.

• Block Heads (Authored by Carolyn Francis.)

Description: Block Heads gives students the opportunity to work hands-on, using base ten blocks to model whole numbers through one thousand.

• Blowing Kisses (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Fifth Grade students thank their mothers (grandmothers, aunts, god-mothers, etc.) for their first breath of life. Activities are pre-writing, designing a poem form, and making a card.

• Boarding of Symmetrical Shapes (Authored by Janet Greathouse.)

Description: The students use geoboards to model polygons and to practice finding lines of symmetry.

• Body Systems in Action (Authored by Carolyn Garner.)

Description: This is the last lesson, days 13-16, of the Unit Plan, What Makes Me Who I Am? Students research the body systems. Cooperative groups create and present a short skit demonstrating how systems work together.

• Body Systems, Part I (Authored by Candace Parker.)

Description: Students work with the systems of the body through research.

• Body Systems, Part II (Authored by Candace Parker.)

Description: This is the second of a two-part lesson. Students create a multimedia presentation to reinforce the knowledge they gained from the lesson, -Body Systems, Part I-.

• Boo-ographies (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: During the month of October, students are encouraged to read biographies of famous individuals from the past. Students pretend to be the character and give a short video-taped presentation.

• Boston Spies' Report on the Redcoats (Authored by Francis Sicius.)

Description: Students collect information about British actions in Boston and send it by secret message to leaders in Philadelphia.

• Bounce & Sing Introduction (Authored by Tisa Craig.)

Description: This activity is performed at the beginning of the school to introduce students to classmates and the teacher.

• Bountiful Biomes (Authored by Linda Webb.)

Description: Students work in groups to research five different biomes (arctic tundra, tropical rain forest, North American desert, African grasslands, deciduous forest) and complete a graphic organizer.

• Bowling Over the Order of Operations (Authored by Amelia McCurdy.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: After learning how to solve equations using the order of operations, students will use their skills to create equations that will -knock down bowling pins-.

• Branches of Government (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Are the different parts of government confusing to you? Students will use graphic organizers to assist them in learning about the three branches of government.

• Branching Out (Authored by Carolyn Calloway.)

Description: In this lesson, students work in pairs to research the structure, function and primary responsibilities of each office of the Executive branch. After researching, students come together in pairs and create a chart displaying their research.

• Buddy Stories (Authored by Kim Forgione.)

Description: Students will write and illustrate short stories to share with a younger class of -Buddy Readers-.

• But That's Not FAIR! (Authored by Barbara Johnson.)

Description: Students solve problems using fractions through hands-on activities and appropriate literature.

• Buying and Budgets (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How do you decide if you can afford to buy something new? Using a budget lets you know where your money is being spent as well as how much money you have left to spend. In this lesson, students use tables to solve budget problems. Addition and subtraction of decimals are used in the problem-solving process.

• By Dawn's Early Light (Authored by Edward Blackwell, Jr..)

Description: Students have the opportunity to explore the history of the “Star-Spangled Banner.” In the process, they explore how the lyrics of a song can be a form of poetry and the principles of cause and effect.

• Calculate the Answer (Authored by Katherine Sparks.)

Description: "Calculate the Answer" allows students to practice independently multiplication and/or addition skills. (This activity is appropriate for a learning center/station).

• Candy Fractions (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Candy Fractions is quite the treat for Fraction Fridays. Families donate bags of seasonal treats that the class estimates, counts, sorts on tree diagrams, names, and then graphs. Oh yeah, then they get to eat the treats!

• Capitalization and Washington, D.C. (Authored by Joyce Sewell.)

Description: In this unit, students learn and practice capitalizing names of cities, states, countries, streets, buildings, bridges, and geographical places around the theme of Washington, D.C.

• Cars on the Curve (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: Students predict which car will -win- and then play a car-race game to test their predictions. Their results are analyzed to recognize patterns of central tendency.

• Cause or Effect (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students develop relationships among ideas by recognizing cause and effect in sentences. They complete a whole-group activity then play a station activity game where they determine if part of a sentence is the cause or effect.

• Cause-and-Effect Scavenger Hunt (Authored by Kim Forgione.)

Description: Students go on a scavenger hunt to locate and identify cause-and-effect relationships in a reading selection.

• Cell Cookies (Authored by Dawn Pack.)

Description: Students create a plant or animal cell they can eat! A cookie, frosting, and candy pieces serve as the cell's parts. Class discussion will lead to the understanding of the cell's parts and the role the cell plays in tissues, organs, and body systems.

• Cell-a-bration (Authored by Kelly Toomey.)

Description: Students compare and contrast the structures of a plant cell and an animal cell by creating a graphic organizer and a food model in preparation for writing an essay comparing and contrasting the two kinds of cells.

• Cells in the Making (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How do cells keep us alive? Through reading and hands-on activities, students learn about parts of a cell, and their functions in carrying out processes for life. Study skills are taught and modeled as students make entries in science notebooks.

• Cells, Building Blocks of Life (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: What is the basic unit of all living things? Through reading and hands-on activities, students learn about cells, and their function in carrying out processes for life. Study skills are taught and modeled as students make entries in science notebooks.

• Centimeter Slinkies (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This activity is a fun way to investigate measuring in centimeters. The student estimates & measures the length of a whole color-segmented, candy gummy worm. Then, as students bite off each segment, they estimate, measure and record findings in an activity log.

• Change Agents (Authored by Karen Marler.)

Description: Students conduct experiments and complete observation logs about three erosive change agents and their effects on a variety of surfaces. They present their log information to others through a song, poem or skit.

• Changing Ways (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Day 8 of the unit Bedlam in Bedrock. Students use reference materials, sketches, diagrams, and models to understand scientific ideas about ways landforms change over time.

• Character Comparison (Authored by Terri Griffin.)

Description: This lesson allows students to practice comparing characters from two stories, focusing on actions, motives, emotions, and traits. The Venn diagram is used to display the similarities and differences.

• Character, You Say? Prove It! (Authored by Kathy Boyte.)

Description: Students complete a Character Map and a Venn diagram for selected characters in any text.

• Characters in the Chocolate Factory (Authored by Beth Brewington.)

Description: Books are more interesting when the characters come to life! Students will make creative guesses and compare information about selected characters from the book [Charlie and the Chocolate Factory].

• Charting the Discovery of the Americas (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Charting the Discovery of the Americas teaches students how to use Microsoft Word to create a chart depicting how trade led to the exploration of different regions of the world.

• Cheerios Number Patterns (Authored by Jean Mozell.)

Description: This activity provides an opportunity for students to use Cheerios to describe, extend and create numerical patterns.

• Cheerios- Not Just for Breakfast Anymore (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

Description: In this lesson, students practice measurement of surface area and perimeter with estimation by completing activities using Cheerios breakfast cereal.

• Cheesy Math (Authored by Peggy Christian.)

Description: Entice students to investigate perimeter with one of their favorite foods. Students use a variety of methods to measure the perimeter of a piece of cheese, infer the change in perimeter before slicing it and recalculate the perimeter.

• Chessboard Challenge (Authored by Susanna Vondeck.)

Description: This lesson has been created for use with the book [The Kings's Chessboard] by David Birch. The students predict and extend the numerical pattern of twice the day before's total (multiplying by 2 or doubling). They search for other patterns within their calculations and state rules for the relationships. They also check for measurement accuracy in the book by weighing grains of rice.

• Choose a Book You’ll Like (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: After a class discussion of how to choose a book, students complete class and personal charts which will be used to help select books to read.

• Christmas Shopping (Authored by Deborah Brannon.)

Description: Students will pretend to buy age/gender appropriate Christmas presents using a given budget for a specified number of people.

• Circle Up Your M & Ms (Authored by Rhonda Bajalia.)

Description: Have you ever noticed that the colors of M & M's aren’t evenly distributed in each package? This is a fun way to show your students how to construct a circle graph using percentages based on the colors of 100 M & M's.

• Cite Your Sites (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students get exposure to a variety of resources by working in a cooperative group to complete a literary scavenger hunt.

• Citizenship (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: What is citizenship? Using the preambles from the US Constitution and the Florida State Constitution as references, students determine rights and responsibilities of citizenship. This introductory lesson for the unit, We the People, introduces students to the concept of citizenship that will be the common thread throughout the entire unit.

• Citizenship for All (Authored by Tashika Hiers.)

Description: Do you know your rights? This lesson will help students demonstrate their knowledge of the rights, responsibilities, and privileges as United States citizens. Students will show examples by completing a graphic organizer and writing persuasive essays.

• Class President (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Have you wondered what kind of person makes a good president? Students learn strategies to develop reading vocabulary and learn to identify comparison and contrast as an aid to comprehension as they follow Julio and his secret desire to become class president. The novel, [Class President], is used for this ten-day lesson.

• Classifying and Constructing Corners (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students explore, classify, and define the various types of angles (acute, right, obtuse, and straight) that occur in the world around them. This lesson plan is the second lesson in a series on geometry.

• Closing the Case (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students review the steps for data collection and how to prepare data displays using statistical information from a survey.

• Cognate Detectives (Authored by Marta Encarnacion.)

Description: Students will learn that there are words in English and Spanish that share the same root. These words are visibly and audibly very similar and have the same meaning. Students will become detectives exploring the many cognates in Spanish and English.

• Coin Probability (Authored by Cary Cooley.)

Description: Students develop an understanding of probablility by tallying the coins they choose from different bags with different amounts of coins within them. They then predict the amount of coins within each bag according to their tallied results.

• Cold Sea Waters (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Cold sea waters affected the local and state area during the summer of 1998. Studying a detailed web-site map helps students gain an understanding of sea temperatures.

• Colonial American Villages (Authored by Patti Corley.)

Description: The students construct a model of a colonial village. An understanding of why the New England, Middle, or Southern Colonies were settled in regions, will be shown through the students' visual and oral presentations.

• Colonization Specialization (Authored by Thomas Lucey.)

Description: This lesson demonstrates how various people in the southern colonies had specialized societal roles. It also provides a simulation of plantation owners' attittudes.

• Color My World (Authored by Donna Woods.)

Description: Students write poems using color to describe their feelings and environment.

• Colored Clouds (Authored by Melissa Lee Herring.)

Description: In this lesson learners will observe particles that make up warm water move around faster than particles that make up cold water. This will be demonstrated by observing clouds made of food coloring mixed with different temperatures of water.

• Community Brochures (Authored by Kim Forgione.)

Description: Students research facets of their community in order to create an informational brochure.

• Community Canned Food Drive (Part 1) (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: During the fall holiday months, the class actively assists the local community in the annual collection of canned food for needy families. Advertisements promoting the campaign are created with Student Writing Center.

• Community Canned Food Drive (Part 2) (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: During the fall holiday months, the class actively assists the local community in the annual collection of canned food for needy families. Students become involved in a graph-keeping adventure as they encourage the school to collect many canned foods.

• Comparatively Speaking (Authored by Sharon West.)

Description: Students learn to identify and use the literary terms simile and metaphor. Their knowledge will be reinforced as they are engaged in creating and illustrating two examples of each.

• Comparing and Ordering Fractions (Authored by Brenda Lazarus.)

Description: Students are introduced to the comparison of fractions and the ordering of fractions.

• Complaint Department (Authored by Kim Forgione.)

Description: Students write business letters describing a problem with a purchased product and offering a possible solution to the problem.

• Composer of the Month (Authored by Anissa Sanz.)

Description: In order to keep music alive in the schools, we need to validate our class. What better way to do that than to intergrate social studies and writing into the Music Class?

• Congruent and Similar Figures (Authored by Melissa Aldridge.)

Description: This learning activity introduces students to the concept of congruent and similar figures. The class will identify, classify, and describe the similarities and differences among these figures.

• Conservation Station (Authored by Jennifer Carter.)

Description: Don't let your eyes mislead you. Size does not always matter. Students will be amazed once they've measured the volume of four containers that vary in size and shape.

• Consider This! (Authored by Julie Thompson.)

Description: Students draft a simulated email to the governor of Florida that includes their recommendation for the -heart of Florida- capital and provides support based upon research and established criteria.

• Constitutional Amendments Survey (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Students conduct a Constitutional Amendments Survey to create an opinion poll forum for the upcoming Florida vote.

• Constructing Contractions (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: This game was developed to reinforce the skill of making contractions and the use of the apostrophe in contractions.

• Cooking a Few of my Favorite Things (Authored by Joyce Sewell.)

Description: In this activity, students learn about the nutritional value of foods, calculate the measurements, and prepare a healthy recipe for the class. Then students publish a class cookbook with their recipes.

• Cool School Poetry (Authored by Barbara Hirst.)

Description: The students draw ideas from words supplied by the entire class on fifteen subjects of school life, and compose a four line poem using AABB, ABAB or AAAA rhyme, in the same manner as Shel Silverstein or Jack Prelutsky

• Cool Words to Share (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students use teacher-selected vocabulary (can be from reading textbook) to present a written story to a first grade student. The book will include a glossary of terms and illustrations of the terms.

• Coordinate Crunch (Authored by Lee Strain.)

Description: Students will play a game using their knowledge of how to identify plots on a graph.

• Could You Elaborate on That? (Authored by Donna Woods.)

Description: This lesson teaches the parts of an expository essay and how to organize and write an expository piece from a given topic.

• Counting Creatures (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Counting Creatures gives students an opportunity to use the base three number system as they learn more about place value.

• Counting Money (Authored by Denise Simonson.)

Description: Students read, write, and identify different coin combinations and use this information in real-world situations.

• Crazy Putty Ratio (Authored by Georgia White.)

Description: Students mix various ratios of liquid starch and glue to make craxy Putty (their variation of Silly Putty) using knowledge of measurements and ratios. They chart their ratios, make observations, and write summary of activity.

• Create A Park Map (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Students design the ultimate park experience for Florida families as they demonstrate their knowledge of map legend skills.

• Create Your Save And Rave Box (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Create Your Save And Rave Box engages students in creating a design from pattern block shapes that incorporates the principles of symmetry, congruency, and similarity, as well as flips, slides, and turns of some of the shapes used.

• Creating Circle Graphs using Excel (Authored by Mary Kay Bacallao.)

Description: Students evaluate data from a circle graph that compares time spent on various activities. They use the computer to manipulate their own data as they compare, examine, create and evaluate data using circle graphs.

• Creating Food for Thought (Authored by Cindy Listowski.)

Description: After listening to a selection of poems from William Cole's [Poem Stew], the students practice poem writing and later develop a poem on the topic of food. The poems are then compiled into a class book.

• Creature Features (Intermediate Grades) (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Paired children are to complete their own “creature and habitat” designs on construction paper. Writing a four paragraph narrative is the final step. Benchmarks include the writing process. Previous studies of animals and their habitats are needed.

• Creatures that Are Just So (Authored by Christy Carpenter.)

Description: Students listen to Rudyard Kipling's "Just So" stories read aloud. After observing an animal, students create their own "Just So" stories and publish them on Beacon's SiteMaker.

• Critter Counting (Authored by Anne Hargrove.)

Description: In Critter Counting, students generate, collect, organize, display, and analyze data using a graphical presentation.

• Cube Combinations (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Cube Combinations gives students an opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge of place value as they create 5 digit numbers from the roll of five number cubes.

• Cubed Containers (Authored by Renee Black.)

Description: This lesson allows for cooperative groups to explore volume in relation to centimeter cubes and other nonstandard units of measurement using small containers.

• Cuisenaire Chefs (Authored by Janet Greathouse.)

Description: Students become Cuisenaire Chefs as they mix and toss Cuisenaire rods to recreate recipes. This hands-on acivity gives students a chance to identify the value of fractions at an introductory level.

• Cultural Exposure (Authored by Thomas Lucey.)

Description: This lesson explains why and how colonist attitudes towards the Native Americans and African Americans changed over time.

• Current Events - Attack on America (Authored by Amy Osborne.)

Description: Explore and discuss the significance of what happened to the world on 9-11-01.

• Dance with Me (Authored by Diane Weiner.)

Description: Students create a simple dance that illustrates the changes in rhythm in a song.

• Dangerous Storms (Authored by Debra Giambo PhD.)

Description: The lesson promotes awareness of media language for dangerous storms. It stresses preparation, evacuation, and emergency assistance, and problem-solving techniques for emergency situations. Use in a second or third grade classroom with ESOL.

• Dealing with Bouts of Depression (Authored by Melissa Westerly.)

Description: The purpose of this lesson is to bring out causes and symptoms of depression. Depression causes a tremendous amount of hurt to ourselves and others. This lesson offers an opportunity for hope to those who suffer from this illness.

• Dear FCAT Checker (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: After several months of preparation for the FCAT test, students review how to write business letters, and write one to the person who will check their FCAT test.

• Dear Santa Claus (Authored by Carol Swanick.)

Description: Santa answers letters. Students write letters to Santa Claus to find answers to their questions. Students then become Santa Claus answering the questions in a response letter.

• Decidedly Different (Authored by Carolyn Garner.)

Description: In this first lesson of the Unit Plan, What Makes Me Who I Am, students study why scientists need to use observable characteristics, how they sort the characteristics, and why they do so. Journal entries allow students to reflect and make inferences.

• Delicious Words (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: Students work together to make simple menus more interesting by adding descriptive words. This plan works well with the Six Traits of Writing as it covers the trait of word choice.

• Descriptive Writing (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students will have fun using descriptive words in an expository format to describe a food that they hate.

• Destination Outer Space (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: This lesson allows students to use effective writing skills, their imagination, and their knowledge of the nine planets. Students use these three items as they create travel pamphlets to the planets in our solar system.

• Different Dimensions (Authored by Kim Adair.)

Description: The students will utilize graph paper or dot paper to draw all views of a 3 dimensional object in 2 dimensional form. Then partners will work from the 2d drawing to create the actual 3d structure.

• Different Strokes for Different Folks (Authored by Rhonda Cawthon.)

Description: Students are taken to the media center to review various genre of literature, apply information and concepts to evaluate examples and locate specific genre, and search for materials for reading enjoyment.

• Digital Plants...Alike and Different! (Authored by Shannon Flynn.)

Description: Use digital cameras and games to motivate students to learn about plants! Students get to take their own pictures of plants and compose them into a learning game about the similarities and differences of plants.

• Digital Waterworks (Authored by Sharon Schubert.)

Description: Students add digitally-produced, water sound effects to a song, using electronic keyboards.

• Disasters - Where, When, Why (Authored by Irving Kohn.)

Description: The student uses electronic technology to create and develop a database for U.S. disasters in the 20th Century and writes a paragraph.

• Discovering Our Planets (Authored by Elizabeth Elliott.)

Description: In this lesson, the children explore through research and activities our solar system of planets. Using cooperative grouping and interactions, the students will gain an understanding of how the characteristics of the planets differ from one another.

• Distance over Time (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: What is velocity and how is it determined? In this lesson plan, students are actively involved in experiments to measure and calculate the magnitude of speed, known as velocity using algebraic terms.

• Divisions of Generosity (Authored by Amy Hayes.)

Description: This lesson uses THE DOORBELL RANG, by Pat Hutchins to teach the concepts of generosity and fairness. Students apply the concept of generosity and fairness to a lesson on division.

• Do Be Square (Authored by Sharon Hardy.)

Description: The student performs a square dance using proper movements keeping the beat and the rhythm of the song.

• Do They Agree? (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students review and practice subject-verb agreement by cutting and pasting (using a computer spreadsheet or a print out), and by writing a simple paragraph in which the subjects and verbs agree. (This lesson only addresses subject-verb agreement) Students need prior knowledge of basic paragraph structure and knowledge of technology such as how to cut and paste text in a document.

• Do You Haiku? We Do! (Authored by Judith Rose.)

Description: Have you ever used Math to write poetry? Try your hand at it, writing Haiku, a form of Japanese poetry. Haiku is usually 17 syllables in three-line form, with a first line of five syllables, the second of seven syllables, and the third of five syllables. It is most often about nature, but can be expanded to include other subjects, which allows integration with almost any content area. This simple way of combining creative, yet informative, phrases, results is a fun way to teach this simple poetry form. Encased in tattered backpacks sit many sleeping pencils tools of creation. --adapted from Howard Yosha, Iam72hrstv@aol.com

• Do You Have the Money? (Authored by Maria Ramdas.)

Description: Using a combination of coins and currency, the students will work in groups and use a menu to estimate if they have enough money to purchase a meal.

• Do You See What I See? (Authored by Shelia Scofield.)

Description: Students develop an awareness that a person's perspective affects what they think they see and what they really see.

• Does It Match? (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: This lesson allows students to identify lines of symmetry of given figures such as shapes, letters, and objects.

• Does One Tree a Forest Make? (Authored by Linda Kitner.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: Students take a walk around the schoolyard looking at and identifying the trees. One leaf for each tree is collected. A chart is developed that represents the population of trees on the schoolground.

• Does Your Chewing Gum Lose Its Flavor? (Authored by Karen Hamilton.)

Description: The students predict, infer, investigate, compare, and evaluate five different brands of gum of the same flavor to discover how long it takes for the flavor to disappear. The chewing time for each brand of gum is timed and results are recorded in a journal. Final results are graphed and presented to the class. Students develop inquiry questions and make applications to real world situations.

• Doing Dewey (Authored by Alice Clark.)

Description: Doing Dewey reinforces the Dewey Decimal Classification System. Students will apply their basic understanding of Dewey decimal classification to the process of book organization.

• Don't Eat the Crayons: Real-Life Multiplication (Authored by Susan Vinson.)

Description: Students use items which come in sets to look for real-life multiples and write multiplication problems. For example: a box of 24 crayons has 3 rows of 8 crayons, so the problem written would be 3 x 8 = 24. A candy bar: 2 rows of 4 segments (2 x 4 =8).

• Don't Let Computers Bug You (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students use the computer, an Internet encyclopedia, and word processing program to write a paragraph about a bug.

• Down the Knoll Without the Water (Authored by Lee Strain.)

Description: Students revise fairy tales or nursery rhymes using a thesaurus. They give synonyms for a selected word.

• Dragon Math (Authored by Carol Weyrich.)

Description: This activity allows students to master multiplication facts in a fun and competitive manner.

• Draw to Scale the E-Z Way (Authored by Stuart Brannon.)

Description: In this lesson, students draw a rough floor plan of a house to scale without using a ruler to determine measurements.

• Drawing Bugs Game (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: Students explore probability by predicting the likelihood of rolling any one number on a fair die, graphing data, and analyzing the results of playing a drawing game.

• Dream Castles (Authored by Susan Johnson.)

Description: Students construct a medieval castle after studying related vocabulary, listening to a book, and completing a worksheet concerning the parts of a castle.

• Dreaming to Come to America (Authored by Diane Krapf.)

Description: Students examine reasons for immigration to America, including economic, political, and religious considerations and conduct research to determine immigration history of students' families and compare reasons other groups have come to America.

• Dressing the Blues (Authored by Dorothy Sheldon.)

Description: Dressed for Blues Day, fifth grade students improvise a Blues melody choosing from these notes, G,Bb,B,D,or E, using xylophones and/or block flutes.

• Dynamite Data (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: The students will collect and organize data for tally charts, tables, and pie graphs.

• Earth Matters (Authored by Laura Brown.)

Description: Students will understand and be able to identify the Earth's equator, prime meridian, lines of latitude, lines of longitude, parallels, and meridians.

• Edible Rock (Authored by Angie Worcester.)

Description: Students experiment with gelatin Rock Strata to possibly discover fossils and identify the effects of erosion and weathering on the sedimentary rock. They illustrate and summarize their findings.

• Egg It (Authored by Pamela Williams.)

Description: Students show understanding of the relationship of multiplication and addition by writing multiplication number sentences.

• Egyptian Numeration Pyramid (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Students construct a 3-D pyramid and decorate it with Egyptian numbers and their equivalent in our numerical system.

• Eight Eighths Make a Roll (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Using a bag of individual rolls of Sprees, the students learn about fractions making up a whole. They also make a bar and a circle graph using the results of their Spree rolls.

• Elaborate Cupcakes (Authored by Judy Fox.)

Description: This lesson is a delicious fun way for your students to gain a better understanding of how to use elaboration in their writing. Students use several of their senses in this lesson.

• Elaborate It (Authored by Kelly Allen.)

Description: Students add personal anecdotes to expository responses in order to elaborate on a central idea.

• Enforcers of the Law, The Executive Branch (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Have you ever wondered just what a governor does at work? Students learn about the executive branch of government, its structure, function, and basic responsibility, as well as whom their elected officials are for this branch. This lesson focuses on Florida’s executive branch of government.

• Environmenal Detectives at Work (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Environmental Detectives at Work engages students in an investigation of the influence of one human on our natural world.

• Estimate a Dinner Plate (Authored by Barbara Johnson.)

Description: Students work with a partner to solve the real-world problem of planning a favorite meal given a specific budget. Estimation strategies are reviewed and practiced to help students determine the reasonableness of calculations in a given situation.

• Everything You Wanted to Know About Symmetry (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: This lesson introduces and reinforces the concept of symmetry.

• Examining Estimation (Authored by Denise Simonson.)

Description: Students participate in various activities which help them understand and explain the difference between an estimate and an exact amount.

• Explorers of the New World (Authored by Pam Kennon.)

Description: Students researchan explorer and learn how his exploration affected the Western Hemisphere. They demonstrate competency in using Encarta, information software and present a Power Point presentation to classmates with two scanned drawings.

• Exploring Area/Perimeter Through Coordinate Geometry (Authored by Joseph Furner PhD.)

Description: Students learn about area and perimeter through coordinate geometry. The use of children's literature, hands-on manipulatives, and the Internet will be incorporated.

• Fabulous Alliteration (Authored by Madonna Scime.)

Description: In this lesson, students explore an alliterative tale called [Four Fanished Foxes and Fosdyke]. They listen to the story, then brainstorm their own lists of alliterative words and make their own alliterative tales.

• Fact and Opinion Detectives (Authored by Sarah Hebert.)

Description: In this lesson, students learn to distinguish facts from opinions in a child’s news magazine.

• Fact Family Connection (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: Students explore the relationship of multiplication and division using arrays.

• Family at Home (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Students write a family of multiplication and division facts on a piece of paper cut in the shape of a house.

• Family Cookbook (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Family Cookbook is a published collection of recipes emphasizing number names and ingredients in a picture book format.

• Far Out Fact Families (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: The student explores related multiplication and division facts.

• Farmer 's Barnyard Animals Hungry for Greater Than (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students will compare numbers to the thousands place using < and >. Teacher can dress the part of a farmer for a motivational way to teach this concept. Less than and greater than signs will be turned into hungry barnyard animals.

• Favorite Survey (Authored by Jennifer Sansone-Berbert.)

Description: This activity is a fun and interactive way for students to collect and organize data for charts and bar graphs by questioning their classmates.

• Feed Your Cells (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: What happens to the food we eat? How does it help our bodies? In this lesson, students learn about the human digestive system through reading and activities. Study skills are taught and modeled.

• Fiddlin' Around (Authored by Sandra Rosengren.)

Description: In this lesson students learn to play open strings on the violin, viola, cello, and bass using proper bow technique while playing "Twelve Bar Blues" in the key of D.

• Figuratively Speaking (Authored by Faith Daigle.)

Description: Students construct and use vocabulary flipbooks to draw and describe three-dimensional figures.

• Figure This (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: In this activity, students identify congruent figures and match shapes using transformation.

• Film at 11 (Authored by Abby Hill.)

Description: Students, in a two-person team, research, create, and present a TV news report simulation about a hurricane disaster in their hometown.

• Finding Nice Things to Say (Authored by Deborah Brannon.)

Description: The students have the opportunity to praise all class members in a written form.

• First Things First (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: After reviewing the trait of voice through teacher directed experiences, students complete a narrative writing (focusing on voice) and an illustration about their earliest memory.

• Flavorful Graphing (Authored by Jennifer Gompers.)

Description: This activity is a fun extension to collecting, graphing, and analyzing data. Students work for a fictional advertising company and are looking to find what customers will like in new products.

• Flight Fair (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: The teacher seizes the teachable moment to announce The Flight Fair, an opportunity for the students to conduct their personal investigations into paper airplane flight.

• Flips, Slides, and Turns (Authored by Renee Duncan.)

Description: This activity is a hands-on way for students to practice manipulating and drawing shapes to demonstrate the concept of flips, slides and turns. This lesson is especially beneficial to tactile and visual learners.

• Float My Boat (Authored by Gail Stukey.)

Description: Why will a small piece of wood sink, but a huge boat will float? Is it magic or is it density? In this lesson students will start with the same raw materials and come up with a wide variety of results in the use of density and the displacement of water.

• Florida Water Cycle (Authored by Carlos Lopez.)

Description: Discover the water cycle process that affects Florida. Students observe the water cycle in both a graphic presentation and a demonstration to learn about the stages and sequencing of the water cycle.

• Follow the Clues (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students read a story and predict words that make sense in replacing the nonsense words based on context clues. They choose appropriate words to match the meaning of nonsense words in sentences based on the context clues of the sentences.

• Food for Thought (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This language arts lesson is for Day 6 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students play a fact and opinion game concerning foods.

• Food Pyramid (Authored by Pam Kennon.)

Description: Students understand the food pyramid, nutrients provided by each food group,and determine whether they are healthy eaters.

• Food Pyramid Picnic (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: Teacher and students discuss the food pyramid and appropriate choices for each food group. Students then plan a nutritional meal for a picnic lunch and make a class book. As a culminating event, the class plans and enjoys a picnic.

• Forces of Change (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Days 9 and 10 of the unit [Bedlam in Bedrock]. Students create a class reference book about ways landforms change over time and share their Earth Explorer projects.

• Foul or Fair Ball? (Authored by Judy Smith.)

Description: This culminating activity to the novel , [The Pinballs], by Betsy Byars, reviews common fouls and possible alternative, positive behaviors.

• Four Corners Mystery: Where In The World Are We? (Authored by Gretchen Witherspoon.)

Description: Students use the five fundamental themes of geography to research and describe various locations around the world in order to pose and answer the four corners mystery, -Where in the World Are We?-

• Fraction Action (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students create fractions using strips of paper and then compare the fractions.

• Fraction and Decimal Garden (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students write fractions and decimals using unifix cube models and grid paper. They draw a garden using grid paper and label each section with the correct fraction and decimal to the tenths.

• Fraction and Decimal Ordering (Authored by Lois Christensen.)

Description: Students learn to order numbers in fraction and decimal form, in a critical thinking and kinesthetic fashion.

• Fraction Card Shark (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: The student will understand the relative size of fractions using symbolic and concrete representations.

• Fraction Frenzy (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: The student will identify fractions as part of a set.

• Fraction Pictures (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students use pictures in their math lesson. They become numerical problem solvers as they create fractions from pictures, then write them into sentences.

• Fraction Popsicle Pop-ups (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students decorate and use popsicle sticks to use as manipulatives to assist with their learning of fractions.

• Fractions and Equivalents (Authored by Jeannel Lopez.)

Description: The students uses Lego blocks, drawing paper, and visual aids to understand the meaning of fractions and the concept of equivalent proportions.

• Framed (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: This lesson allows students to experiment with and calculate perimeter and area of given shapes.

• Frictionally Speaking (Authored by Dawn Pack.)

Description: All you need to teach your students about the effects of friction on a moving object is a handful of marbles, a paper cup, and string.

• Friends Helping Friends (Authored by Judith Bachay.)

Description: Emotional health is a component to the overall health of students. Students are presented with an opportunity to learn problem-solving skills through the lens of helping a friend. They practice effective communication skills by giving a speech.

• Fun Photosynthesis (Authored by Stephanie Callaway.)

Description: Give your students a chance to be the sun! Creative dramatics are used to internalize knowledge of the process of photosynthesis. Students analyze and predict the relevance of photosynthesis as it relates to the food chain and survival of all organisms. Students construct meaning and assimilate new learning through sentence mapping, drawing, writing activities, and acting-out opportunities. This mini-unit addresses the Marion County objective as follows: The student will describe the process of photosynthesis.

• Fun with Form (Authored by Debbie Reynolds.)

Description: Your students will successfully identify basic ABA form in a song after this fast-paced lesson, which uses simple activities and appeals to their various learning styles.

• Fun with Fractions (Authored by Michelle Nivison.)

Description: Do you have Fractionitis? This lesson plan will help you overcome this condition! Using fraction bars, you will learn to add fractions. You will soon be a Fraction Expert!

• Fun With Symmetry (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students will have fun munipulating shapes to discover their multiple lines of symmetry. This activity helps students to see the lines of symmetry through colors. It gives students the ability to manipulate shapes to make their own lines of symmetry.

• Galaxy Adventure (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: Students work in groups to create a mnemonic device, give an oral presentation, and create a pictorial representation of the correct sequence of the planets and asteroid belt from the sun.

• Game Creator Extraordinaire (Authored by Michele Rivera.)

Description: This activity is a way to have students work together in groups to invent new and creative games. Students also get the opportunity to teach others the games they created.

• Game Day Graphing (Authored by Kevin Hall.)

Description: Students produce data tables and bar graphs from given sets of information and then analyze and explain the data displays.

• Gee O Me Tree (Authored by Gail Ladd.)

Description: Gee O Me Tree is a unique way to get acquainted and create a welcoming bulletin board for your classroom as the students follow multiple-step oral directions and review geometric shapes.

• Geo-Folder (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students create a Geo-Folder based on geometric terms and concepts.

• Geometric Glances (Authored by anne brandon.)

Description: Students capture pictures of geometric shapes with cameras and use geometric vocabulary to describe the pictures.

• Geometric Twins (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: This lesson explores the concept of congruency using dot paper so that a student can visualize, draw, and replicate different congruent shapes.

• Geometry Library (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students write and illustrate books to make a class library of math term books. This is an excellent review for the FCAT math test.

• Geometry: Tessellations (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students apply knowledge of reflections, rotations, and translations in creating a tessellation.

• George Gorilla and Gallon Gorp (Authored by Sara Hubbard.)

Description: George Gorilla and Gallon Gorp is an exciting hands-on lesson that enables elementary children to construct a gallon gorilla puzzle. In the process students learn measuring skills, make Gorilla Gorp, and enjoy their edible creation.

• Get in Order (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students practice putting events from a written passage in chronological order, both in groups and individually.

• Get In Shape: Exercise Daily (Authored by Stafford Nairn Jr..)

Description: The students begin the lesson with four exercises. Next, the students rest for a few minutes and then run one lap around the physical education field. After resting, students will complete the lesson with a four minute aerobic dance.

• Get into the Groove with Style (Authored by Roberto Gonzalez-Trigo.)

Description: Style! Style! Style! Your students will identify four styles of music that are exciting and fun to learn. They will learn Classical, Rock, Jazz, and Caribbean music.

• Get Off the Couch and Get Busy (Authored by Robert Blair.)

Description: Students will perform at 5 fitness stations a day for a week. Each fitness station will be based on a benefit of vigorous physical activity.

• Get Out of the Box (Authored by Nancy Slack.)

Description: Are your students stuck in a rut when it comes to writing? Get them to think outside the box with this lesson in organization through webbing.

• Get Ready for FCAT with Music in Our Schools Month! (Authored by Anissa Sanz.)

Description: This lesson encourages the integration of writing skills with music during Music in Our Schools Month, which is in March. Afterwards, the smiles on the students' faces when they see their essays displayed around school is reward enough.

• Get the Point! (Authored by Stephanie Hans.)

Description: Students use a variety of resources to gather information on the Civil War and then create PowerPoint presentations.

• Getting to Know Our Elected Officials (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Who is your favorite elected official? Students choose an elected official to research, and share their information in a report. The report must be focused, contain supporting details from various sources, and use correct conventions including indentation.

• Give a Mouse a Cookie (Authored by Amanda Yates.)

Description: Students listen to story and record progression of ideas onto a chart.

• Gobble Up a Good Story (Authored by Lois Johnson.)

Description: This activity is a yummy way to create a simple story line for an original fairy tale. The students use an edible setting and a planning sheet to help them put all of the story details in the correct order.

• Goldfish Subtraction (Authored by Sheila Spiddle.)

Description: Students explore subtraction and number sentences using Goldfish crackers.

• Gone to the Dogs (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students learn how to decode words by breaking multi-syllable words into basic syllables and counting those syllables. The children then play a station activity game that builds vocabulary and practices decoding multi-syllable words.

• Good Health Care (Authored by Joyce Sewell.)

Description: Students learn about safety, nutrition, personal hygiene, dental health, and the effects of rest and physical exercise on the human body. Students become aware of the jobs related to each of these health areas.

• Good Snack,Smart Snack (Authored by Carolyn Mannis.)

Description: After completing a unit of study on nutrition, students work as company managers to design and advertise healthy snacks to sell. A list of ingredients will be listed for each snack and an advertisement will be designed to promote their product.

• Governor's Garden (Authored by Janet Greathouse.)

Description: The governor is planning to hire a landscape artist to design six polygonal gardens for the estate. Students create sketches of their plans and write an expository paragraph detailing their designs as part of the interview process for the job.

• Graph It (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: Students use real life experiences (school Open House) to learn graphing skills and use technology for creating tables and graphs.

• Graph Scavenger Hunt (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: This learning activity is one of six in a station rotation where students go on a scavenger hunt to analyze how graphs are organized and used to solve problems. Students generate, collect, organize, display, and analyze their own data using a graph.

• Graphing Valentine Candies (Authored by Mirtha Pineda.)

Description: The student will learn to organize and display information in bar graph form using appropiate labels.

• Graphing With Candy (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: The purpose of this lesson is to gather information and interpret the results using a tally chart, a table, and a bar graph.

• Gripping Details (Authored by Shelley Mann.)

Description: Students examine literature for examples of paragraphs that are developed with gripping details.

• Growing a Literature Tree (Authored by Nancy Adams.)

Description: This is one in a series of lessons on distinguishing features of literature. The students use prior knowledge of fairy tales and fables to create a literature tree map. They categorize literature as fiction or nonfiction and use bubble maps to show features.

• Guess What It Is? (Authored by Brenda Lazarus.)

Description: Students write and present a descriptive 'powergraph' that describes a secret object using prior knowledge of adjectives, clustering graphic organizers, and presentation skills. Authors read powergraphs and classmates 'Guess What It Is.'

• Guest Performance (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Day 8 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students use pretend television performances to practice how the media influence thoughts and feelings about health behaviors and distinguishing fact from opinion.

• Haiku Fun! (Authored by Yamile Sanchez.)

Description: Students learn about haiku poems and develop and illustrate a haiku poem of their own.

• Haiku Leaves (Authored by Michael Cyr.)

Description: The students use prior knowledge and first-hand observations of the natural world around them to create their own Haiku poems. The final draft is put on handmade leaves (from construction paper) to create an autumn-theme classroom display.

• Half of a Half (Authored by Fulton Smedley.)

Description: Students develop a number line and identify common fractions using the denominators 2, 4, and 8.

• Harry Potter Alive and Well In the Sorcerers Stone (Authored by Barbara Nedza.)

Description: Want to make learning about an author's purpose more interesting and fun? In this activity the children brainstorm an author's purpose, and then they use their own imagination to draw pictures that illustrate what the purpose is.

• Hattitude (Authored by Susan Joyner.)

Description: Students are given the opportunity to choose and manipulate 4 different colored gummy hats (yummy!) and record possible combinations as they're discovered.

• Have You Flipped Your Bic? (Authored by Nancy Guest.)

Description: This is lesson extends a lesson in probability using one coin. Students flip a dime and a quarter to record and predict the probability of possible outcomes.

• Heads-Up Probability (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: As an introduction to probability, students use tree diagrams to predict the possible outcomes of coin tosses. The data they collect and graph also help them predict the likelihood of getting heads or tails when tossing coins the next time.

• Health Hounds (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This is the first health lesson for Day 2 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. A problem scenario is read to students. Students are asked to become health experts to solve the problem. Unit Sunshine State Standards and vocabulary are introduced.

• Health Hunt (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Days 5-7 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students listen to speakers to learn about personal health behaviors that influence individual well-being.

• Hear No Evil, See No Evil, Speak No Evil (Authored by Nancy Montague.)

Description: Through a video, group discussion, and role-playing, students learn about types of conflicts that occur in the school setting, identify how they escalate, and identify behaviors needed in resolving them.

• Heart Throbs (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: Students predict what might happen to their pulse rates after physical exertion and then make conclusions about the effects of physical activity on pulse rates.

• Heart to Heart (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: After reviewing the use of conventions through teacher directed experiences, students complete a writing using dialogue to tell a narrative story using correct punctuation.

• Heirloom Chopsticks (Authored by Christy Williamson.)

Description: Students measure, pattern, and design heirloom chopsticks.

• Hello, Fractions! (Authored by Jane Neale.)

Description: Students gain an understanding about simple fractions through the use of literature, hands-on manipulatives, as well as an Internet activity.

• Here It Goes Again! (Authored by Martha Cordell.)

Description: This lesson is designed to encourage first grade students to work on patterns in nature and to recognize how different living things adapt to different environments.

• Here's the Answer - Now What Was the Question? (Authored by Glenn Rutland.)

Description: Students write as many statements as possible that could be the answers to a variety of questions. They can follow the topic of study or topics of personal choice.

• Hey! What Is Your Angle? (Authored by Lee Strain.)

Description: Students create and classify straight, right, acute and obtuse angles using pretzel sticks.

• Hi, Neighbor (Authored by Jennifer Sansone-Berbert.)

Description: Students participate in an exciting way to greet and meet a fellow classmate and then share the information with others.

• High Wire Act (Authored by Serena Mirabella.)

Description: This activity is a follow up writing activity for [Mirette on the High Wire] by Emily Arnold McCully. The students produce a “high wire” time line with yarn and index cards to sequence events and then write an expository paragraph.

• Historical Limericks (Authored by Jennifer Snekszer.)

Description: As a class, students study an historical period. Then each student will write a limerick about a person, event, place, or artifact from that time period. The class will present the time period and limericks to an audience.

• Home on the Range (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: Students learn how to find the range of a set of numbers by analyzing data.

• Hoops! There It Is! (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: Students will view and discuss the use of voice in writing through the in-your-face, aggressive, powerful messages of the Nike advertisements and the book HOOPS as examples of the intensity words can have and how voice is expressed.

• How Body Systems Interact (Authored by Brenda Mason.)

Description: Students demonstrate learned knowledge that the human body is made up of different systems whose functions are related.

• How Do I Measure Up? (Intermediate Grades) (Authored by Tisa Craig.)

Description: This activity allows students to compare the relationship between meter in music and measurement in math.

• How Does Art Feel (Authored by Lynne Locke.)

Description: Bristly and rough or soft and smooth, most anything we can feel can be portrayed in a work of art as a texture. Imaginary or real, texture can add excitement and interest to your creation.

• How Does It Sound? (Authored by Letashia Betsey.)

Description: The students will participate in a game that uses the elements of grammar in an inappropriate way. They will transform the inappropriate grammar into grammatically correct statements.

• How Long Is Your Smile? (Authored by Kachanda Silva.)

Description: This activity is a creative way for students to learn to measure to the nearest centimeter. Students will work together to create a portrait of themselves with an accurate measurement of their smile to the nearest centimeter.

• How Much Gift Wrap Do I Need? (Authored by Pam Kennon.)

Description: Students estimate measurements in a real world problem situation.

• How Much Is Too Much? (Authored by Dorothy Davis.)

Description: Students observe the construction and workings of an aquifer. They record and react to the effects of pollution on the aquifer.

• How Old Did You Say? (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: How Old Did You Say? What an interesting way for students to see and develop algebraic formulas based on their own ages as the known variable.

• How To Stay Out of Hot Water (Authored by Beth Brewington.)

Description: What would the world be like today if a conflict that caused the Revolutionary War was resolved peacefully? Students will use their conflict resolution skills to role-play problems associated with the Boston Tea Party.

• How Will You Measure Up? (Authored by Debi Vermette.)

Description: Students use the appropriate units of measure when given a list of items to estimate and measure. Students work in cooperative groups to locate, estimate, and measure given items using the correct unit of measurement.

• Human Body Quiz (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Are your neurons alive? Does your larynx vibrate? Students review the various functions and organs of the human body systems as they participate in “The Human Body Quiz” in preparation for the summative assessment of the body systems.

• Human Fax Machines (Authored by Lilith Reller.)

Description: This activity is a fun way to introduce the technological communication process. The student uses verbal instructions to command another student to duplicate his/her building blocks. ISTE Standards 1 and 4.

• I Am the Lucky One (Authored by Judith Bachay.)

Description: Students explore their birth orders and the stress created from them. Then they identify their birth orders by drawing pictures of themselves and listing their birth orders. They are introduced to the concept of survey and conduct a verbal survey.

• I Choose Card # . . . (Authored by Glenn Rutland.)

Description: Students practice problem solving and creative thinking in order to develop an answer/solution for the prompt on a chosen activity card.

• I Need a Job (Authored by Shelia Ray.)

Description: Students learn that individual character traits play an important role in their daily lives and could impact their future employment status.

• I Need Air (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Our cells need oxygen to live, but how do they get the oxygen? In this lesson, students learn about the organs of the respiratory system as they read articles and participate in activities. Study skills are taught and modeled.

• I Nominate My Friend (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students review friendly letter writing skills and the use of descriptive language. Students practice writing persuasive letters, with help from teacher and peers. Letters are then written to nominate his or her friend for Friend of the Year.

• If The Shoe Fits (Authored by Alison Hannon.)

Description: Shoes, shoes, and more shoes! But [whose] shoes could [these] be? Collect some unwanted shoes of all styles and sizes. Delight as your students “tie-in” detailed descriptions and create vivid images in their writing.

• Imagine That (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Science, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: Information dangles from the ceiling! That’s the effect when students gather information using a variety of references and create mobiles of inventions or scientific discoveries. This lesson is for Day 5 of the unit [Inventions and Inventors].

• In a Pickle (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students listen to a story that uses homonyms and figurative language throughout the text. They illustrate the literal and figurative meanings of some figures of speech.

• In Conclusion (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students are introduced to the reading skill of drawing conclusions from a story. The children then use this skill to draw conclusions of their own from several stories.

• In Line with Time (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Science, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: This lesson is for Day 4 of the unit [Inventions and Inventors]. Students participate in constructing timelines of significant contributions in the field of communication. Class interaction follows to provide practice in interpreting the order of events.

• In Summary (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students use a text to practice summarizing and matching summaries to the correct text.

• In the Blink of An Eye (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Students record data, both in written form and digitized form, on a field trip to Marianna Caverns that is then compiled into an A-to-Z Environmental Book. (NETS for Students 3.1, 3.2, 4.2 and 5.1)

• Inch Around This (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students learn the concept of perimeter by measuring the perimeter of different shapes and creating shapes to be measured for perimeter.

• Inching Worms (Authored by Karen Ledet.)

Description: In small groups, students have a blast trying to measure live, wiggly, stretching worms to the nearest ½ inch. Groups record their data onto a class graph and then compare characteristics.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 1, Lesson 1: I Pledge Allegiance! (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: This is the introductory lesson to the Unit Plan: Independent – To Be or Not To Be? In this lesson, national symbols of freedom and speech strategies are introduced, tokens are distributed, and the unit diagnostic is administered.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 1, Lesson 2: Scavenger Hunt (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: This lesson is designed to have students seek and find and record visually, and in sequential order, thirteen significant events that led to the Americans fight for independence and thus the start of the American Revolution.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 1, Lesson A: View and Re-View (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: The elements of an oral presentation are introduced under the guise of writing a paper and presented in the form of a KWL. Students supply the details for the introduction, body, and conclusion of an oral presentation.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 1, Lesson B: To Arms! (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Through the exploration of new vocabulary words and utilizing the KWL chart started in Lesson 2, students are introduced to the verbal and non-verbal components of an oral presentation.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 2, Lesson 3: In the Course of Human Events (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Building and scaffolding on scanning techniques, students locate information from teacher-selected text in search of answers and details to leading question(s) for each of thirteen events.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 2, Lesson C: Freedom of Speech (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Students expand their understanding of verbal, non-verbal, and visual aid components of an oral presentation by exploring three relationships: What is it? What is it like? What is an example?

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 2, Lesson D: Intestinal Fortitude (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Through expansion of their understanding of content components, students will begin preparation for their oral presentations.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 2, Lesson E: In My Opinion . . . (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Building on retelling of significant events from QAD information, students record personal reflections and opinions using the Mountains to Climb self-reflection sheet.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 3, Lesson F: Coming to Terms (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Students will develop a better understanding of significant events and reasons leading up to the Revolutionary War through the exploration of content vocabulary.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 6, Lesson 4: Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Students play a version of the game [Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?] as a review for knowledge and understanding of significant events, reasons leading to the American Revolution, and the difference between fact and opinion.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 7, Lesson 5: A Novel Idea (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Students read a historical novel through a chapter-by-chapter reading, recording and re-telling presentation by small groups of students. Students have practice creating and utilizing a visual aid and the Oral Presentation Rubric.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 8, Lesson 6: Weave a Web of Words (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Students will apply writing strategies to web their ideas and write a first draft for their summative oral presentations in which they will address the guiding question, Independent – To Be Or Not To Be?

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 9, Lesson 7: Press Conference (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Working in small groups, students practice their oral presentations using their written drafts. Peer members use the Oral Presentation Rubric for assessing and giving positive and corrective feedback on the practice performance.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 9, Lesson 8: Assessing the Casualties (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Guided reading strategies are used to understand misreads on scored content assessments and how they affect the outcome of an assessment. Students apply this information to revise presentations and develop test-taking skills.

• Independent - Top Be or Not To Be - Day 9, Lesson G: Say It Again, Uncle Sam (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

Description: Students revise their oral presentation content drafts, presentation skills, and visual aids using Press Conference feedback and Content Assessment feedback.

• Ingredients for a Story (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: This lesson teaches students the three elements (characters, plot, and setting) needed to create a story.

• Inside Information (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Science, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: This lesson is for Day 3 of the unit [Inventions and Inventors]. Students use a variety of references and write to inform as they explore significant inventors and inventions and the impact of the inventions in the field of communication.

• Integrating Language Arts, Health, and Visual Art (Authored by Antonio Fernandez.)

Description: A 4th grade art lesson using health education ideas is modified to include a language arts activity and computer work.

• Interaction Actions (Authored by Carolyn Garner.)

Description: This is the fourth lesson on the sixth day of the Unit, What Makes Me Who I Am? In this lesson, students work in cooperative groups to brainstorm characteristics that are the result of interaction with the environment.

• Internet Art Research (Authored by Antonio Fernandez.)

Description: Upper-elementary students choose two artists from a Yahooligans search of African-American artists, answer questions on an Artist Biography Checksheet, and write an essay on the differences and similarities of the two styles.

• Internet Field Trip on Fractions and Geometry (Authored by Joseph Furner PhD.)

Description: This lesson is on fractions/geometry as it relates to parts and wholes. Students take an Internet field trip to learn more about fractions. ESOL strategies include using pattern block manipulatives and pairing ESOL and non-ESOL students on computers.

• Intriguing Beginnings (Authored by Shelley Mann.)

Description: Students become Doctors of Intrigue as they search for the ever illusive intriguing beginning. Guided practice is provided for developing this writing skill.

• Introducing the Incredible RBT-2000 (Authored by Kelly Allen.)

Description: Students work cooperatively to construct a miniature robot using recyclable materials They individually write a descriptive explanation from the robot's point of view explaining how it will aid in protecting the environment.

• Introduction to Fractions (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: This lesson is intended to introduce the students to fractions.

• Is It Legal? - The Judicial System (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Our governor suggests laws, and our congress passes the laws, but who makes sure the new laws are legal? Students learn about the judicial branch of government, its structure, function, and basic responsibility, as well as whom their elected officials are for this branch. This lesson focuses on Florida’s judicial branch of government.

• Is It Too Broad? (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students play a class game to learn to identify and classify levels of specificity among words.

• Is That a Fact, Harry? (Authored by Gail Faughn.)

Description: Students examine short excerpts from books and determine whether each one is fact, fiction, or opinion.

• Is that a Fact? (Authored by Kelly Allen.)

Description: Students will be given a newspaper article. They will predict the content based on the title, read and chart fact and opinion statements, and conclude by summarizing the article.

• Is that a Fact? Reading the Newspaper (Authored by Kim Forgione.)

Description: Students work in small groups to identify facts and opinions in a selected reading sample.

• Is the Price Right? (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: Students play The Price Is Right game to estimate and to chart the price of items to the nearest \$1.00 and \$10.00 and then check their estimates by counting out the actual amount in play money.

• Is the Sun our Heater? (Authored by Jeanelle Kingry.)

Description: Why is it warm in Florida and cold in Alaska? Students explore and discover how the sun provides heat to the earth, depending on the surface as well as the angle of the sun’s rays. (This lesson focuses on the sun as a source of heat only.)

• It Figures! (Authored by Karen Castle.)

Description: Students use a variety of materials to construct, compare and judge two-dimensional figures.

• It Has to Balance (Authored by Laura Brown.)

Description: Students use a price list and balance sheet to plan for a day of fun at the beach. They learn about expenses, income, outgo, and balancing of resources.

• It Is Raining Cats & Dogs (Authored by Michele Rivera.)

Description: Does sterilization prior to adoption reduce the euthanasia rate? This interactive lesson focuses on a community problem by measuring the annual adoption rate of sterilized animals to determine if sterilization before adoption reduces the euthanasia rate.

• It's Close Enough: Rounding and Estimation (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students are introduced to place value concepts as they learn how to round to the closest five, ten, and hundred.

• It's Great to Be More (Authored by Sally McDine.)

Description: Comparing whole and fractional numbers using <, >, or =, with manipulatives and drawings.

• It's Haiku Time! (Authored by Sherrie Consolazio.)

Description: This lesson is a fun and creative way to introduce your students to Haiku's. The learner will develop and illustrate an original Haiku poem.

• It's the Real Thing (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: THE GIVING TREE by Shel Silverstein is read to the students followed by a discussion of what is real in the story and what is make-believe. The students then read some sentences and decide if they are real or make-believe.

• Jack and The Beanstalk Estimation (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students use beans to estimate and measure the area of a shape using [Jack and the Beanstalk] to introduce this lesson.

• Jimmy Jett and His TV Set (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: What would happen if we don’t accept responsibility for our actions? Through the use of the fun poem, “Jimmy Jett and His TV Set,” students learn the importance of assuming responsibility for personal health.

• Joining Hands (Authored by Virginia Spivey.)

Description: Students explore the inverse relationship of addition and subtraction in a "hands-on" activity based on the fact families of ones, twos, and threes.

• Jumping Jaguars! (Authored by Debra Mastro.)

Description: Students accurately measure the distances they and their classmates jump. They determine the mean, median and mode of specific jumps.

• Just Because (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: Students listen to a story and determine the cause and effect relationship of one event in the story. Students then write about and illustrate cause and effect sentences that relate to them.

• Just Plan It! (Authored by Donna Woods.)

Description: This lesson teaches the importance of prewriting activities and how stories are written from a -planning sheet-.

• Just the Facts (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students read a story and determine if the example sentences about the story are facts or opinions. They then demonstrate their proficiency in assessing whether sample sentences are facts or opinions.

• Just the Facts, Ma’am (Authored by Shelley Mann.)

Description: Techniques are used to promote strategic reading and writing. Students are taught to use print variations, key words, section headings, tables of content and chapter titles as a means of organizing non-fiction information and producing end documents.

• Just Write It! (Authored by Donna Woods.)

Description: Students write a narrative story from a planning sheet.

• Keep It Quiet! (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How can a container be soundproofed? Learning about sound waves and how they behave in various media will enable students to create a soundproofed container.

• Kings, Knights, and Countrymen (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Have you ever wanted to travel back to the time of kings and knights? This lesson plan provides students with a look back in time into the feudal form of government. Aspects of family life from the different classes are presented. Life styles of nobles and commoners are compared and contrasted.

• Know Numbers Now (Authored by M Camber.)

Description: By using manipulatives, hands-on activities and teamwork, students gain a greater understanding of numbers and will be able to demonstrate this by reading, writing and identifying multi-digit numbers to millions.

• Know Your Place in Space (Authored by Kathy Morgan.)

Description: The purpose of this lesson is for the students to understand the positions of the nine planets in respect to our solar system and understand the unique characteristics of each planet.

• La Casa de Sus Sueños (Authored by Rosalind Mathews.)

Description: Using appropriate technology, students create a virtual tour of a house complete with a realtor's narration in the target language.

• La Mochila (The Backpack) (Authored by Amanda Yates.)

Description: This lesson introduces the students to the Spanish words associated with items that they carry in their backpacks.

• Language Arts Through Web Page Research (Authored by Antonio Fernandez.)

Description: Students research their school's Web page and another school's Web page in a different school district. Then, they write a friendly letter (hard-copy) to a student in the other school.

• Las Frutas (The Fruits) (Authored by Amanda Yates.)

Description: Students should be able to recognize the Spanish words for the fruits we study, when these words are spoken or written.

• Las Problemas (The Problems) (Authored by Amanda Yates.)

Description: Students will review math vocabulary in the target language and create math problems in the target language.

• Latitude and Longitude: Geography and Geometry! (Authored by Anne Roundtree.)

Description: This lesson integrates areas of geometry and geography. The students will learn to pinpoint locations on maps and charts using latitude and longitude coordinates.

• Laundry List of Idioms (Authored by Abby Hill.)

Description: Using the idiom -laundry list- as an example, students create paper items representing things seen on a clothesline that visually and in written form depict common idioms.

• Leap Frog Experiment (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: As an introduction to problem solving, students ask questions and design an experiment to explore different spinners in -The Leap Frog- board game. As students conduct their experiment, they collect information and interpret the results using a graph.

• Learning about Shapes with Tangrams and the Net (Authored by Andrea Jacobsen.)

Description: This lesson uses tangrams, children's literature, and Websites to teach primary students about shapes.

• Learning About Temperature Is Cool! (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students estimate and compare temperature using degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit. They create mini temperature posters and answer questions about temperature.

• Learning Words (Authored by Lee Parrish.)

Description: After reading, [All Those Secrets of the World] students develop vocabulary by actively defining words using skills other than USING THEIR DICTIONARIES FIRST. This new approach to vocabulary skills is a fun way to “Look up the meanings of words."

• Let Me Count the Ways (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: What are the possible combinations? Students combine given items to make as many different sets as possible

• Let's Edit! (Authored by Donna Woods.)

Description: Fourth grade students pair up with second grade students to edit the second graders' writing for conventions.

• Let's Go Fact Fishing! (Authored by Marci Greene.)

Description: In groups students use the Internet, encyclopedias, and resource books to research animals in the ocean. Each group creates an information sheet with a photo of the animal and three facts about the animal, that culminates in a summary paragraph.

• Let's Go Shopping (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: This lesson reinforces the math skills needed by our students to become wise consumers.

• Let's Just Dialogue! (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: After reviewing the use of conventions through teacher directed experiences, students complete a cartoon drawing containing dialogue that shows an understanding of the conventions used in dialogue by using the bubble form.

• Let's Make Fudge (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students work in small groups to read a recipe involving fractions, change recipe values, and create their own batches of fudge.

• Let's Retell This Story (Authored by Jolie Ducey.)

Description: Students will identify story grammar elements of folk tales. Teacher will model completion of chart with help of students. By re-reading the story grammar element sentences, students will complete a story retelling.

• Let's Shop (Authored by Nancy Verdone.)

Description: Students learn how to add and subtract decimals, using concrete objects and story problems. Two activities and a homework assignment are provided to perform this task.

• Let's Write Invitations for our Class Celebration (Authored by Patti Pensula.)

Description: Students are introduced to the parts of a letter as well as the components of a written invitation. They then compose letters in which they invite family members to an upcoming classroom celebration.

• Letters to my Friends (Authored by Tabitha Kosmas.)

Description: Students write a friendly letter.

• Life and Death (Authored by Wesley May.)

Description: This is a great interactive game students can play to review how living things are classified. This lesson and assessment should be used after the GLE (SC.G.1.2.5.3.2) has been introduced.

• Life Is Like a Roller-Coaster (Authored by Carmen Haskins.)

Description: This activity will increase awareness of how life can be like a roller-coaster especially concerning changes in a family. Students may share feelings orally, in writing, and in drawing. Students learn and/or practice I messages.

• Likeable Differences (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: This two day lesson teaches students how to compare and contrast two characters by using a Venn Diagram.

• Listen and Learn (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Day 2 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students participate in a listening game and brainstorm ways to communicate health information and ideas.

• Listen Up (Authored by Roberto Gonzalez-Trigo.)

Description: Having a great ear is a skill that must be constantly exercised. This lesson allows your students to enhance their listening skills while giving them the opportunity to lead the class in a Play and Echo Game.

• Listen! Listen! Learn All About It! (Authored by Donna Woods.)

Description: Students view non-fiction videos for specific information.

• Listeners for Life (Authored by Katie Tilton.)

Description: How many times a day do we repeat directions to our students? If you start teaching your students to be good listeners now, they will be listeners for life. In this lesson it is a must for your students to be good listeners.

• Listening Positions, Please (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: In this lesson, students use effective listening skills as they listen to oral poetry readings

• Living Biographies (Authored by Scherie Hritz-Atwell.)

Description: George Washington, Michael Jordan, and Betsy Ross..... History comes alive through living biographies. Come along and take a walk in someone else’s shoes.

• Look at What I Did at School! (Authored by Lee Strain.)

Description: Students use an outline to write a letter to their parents sharing their week at school with them.

• Looking at the Man in the Mirror (Authored by Virginia Spivey.)

Description: Prepare for a fun way to teach your students to reflect on their behavior by -Looking at the Man in the Mirror.-

• Looking for More Clues (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students review how to display collected data on bar and circle graphs.

• Looking Through Time (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: A Look Through Time gives students an opportunity to create their own books using the Bookbuilder or PowerPoint program in order to share some of our local history.

• Lots of Lessons from Aesop (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students use two of AESOP'S FABLES to learn theme, simile, alliteration, and metaphor.

• Lucky Charms Pictograph (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students create pictographs using a breakfast cereal.

• Luscious Language Boxes (Authored by Shelley Mann.)

Description: An inextricable link is created between writing with pizzazz and an infusion of luscious language. A magical Luscious Language Box is prepared to use as a year-long reference.

• M & M Lab (Authored by Judy Fox.)

Description: Here is a delicious way to capture your students' attention. Through the use of M&Ms, this lesson helps students learn about several different types of graphs.

• Macaroni Quotations (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Help students grasp the difficult concept of using quotations. This lesson uses a hands-on approach to assist students in mastering this skill in a fun and easy way!

• Machines Help (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Do you know what simple machines are at use on the school grounds? After reviewing the six simple machines, students locate simple machines on the school grounds and chart what machines are found and how they are used to make tasks possible.

• Make Life Simple (Authored by Linda Wenzel.)

Description: This activity introduces students to simple machines. Pictures of real world objects help students know the six simple machines.

• Makers of the Law, The Legislative Branch (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Who makes the law? Students learn about the legislative branch of government, its structure, function, and basic responsibility, as well as whom their legislative representatives are. This lesson focuses on state and county legislatures.

• Making Cents of Division (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students will use pennies as manipulatives to solve simple division problems. They will create division number sentences to correspond with each exercise.

• Making Cents of Fractions and Decimals (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students will learn decimals and fractions using groups of 100 pennies. By classifying the pennies in different ways, there will be an unlimited number of ways to learn fractions, decimals, and place value in money.

• Making Change (Authored by Pamela Williams.)

Description: Students learn how to incorporate a new type of technology, the cash register and/or a calculator, as a motivational tool for solving real life problems. Students practice estimating money and counting back change from \$20.00. NETS for Students: 3.1 and 6.1)

• Making Connections (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This language arts lesson is for Day 4 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students learn how to connect ideas in expository writing with effective transitions.

• Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions (Authored by Farrah Milby.)

Description: Students use poems to make inferences and draw conclusions.

• Making Singular Nouns Plural (Authored by Jay Babcock.)

Description: This series of short lessons will show students the written forms of plural words they should have familiarity with, in oral form from previous grades. They will learn how to classify them based on their singular-form spelling and to memorize some irregular words.

• Mammoth Sunflower Problem (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Students use information on a package of seeds to practice measurement and solve a real-world problem.

• Map Scaling (Authored by Katherine Sparks.)

Description: Students learn to use a map scale and determine distances between cities within the state of Florida.

• Mapping Possible Solutions (Authored by Julie Thompson.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: Where is the heart of Florida now that we have entered the 21st century? Students propose possible sites for the heart of Florida state capital by mapping collected data onto a Florida state map and recording data in a Travel Log.

• Marbles in Motion (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students will learn how to play different games of marbles while learning the scientific concepts of force, motion, mass, acceleration, friction, and inertia.

• Marking the Minutes (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Marking the Minutes is a class timetable report of the time that the class spends during Uninterrupted Silent Reading. The time is added on each day, indicating the total number of seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, etc. (actual increments of time).

• Marvelous Multipliers (Authored by Alonza Holden.)

Description: Students use manipulatives to multiply.

• Match It Up ! (Authored by Farrah Milby.)

Description: After receiving definitions for cause and effect, students move around the room to match either a cause or effect with other students. This lesson uses poetry as the text to teach cause and effect.

• Matching Synonyms (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students learn about the concept of synonyms by completing a whole group activity with the teacher. They then use their knowledge in a station activity game where they match synonyms.

• Math Match Up! (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students solve problems using multiplication and repeated addition.

• Math on Your Lap Quilt (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Student-created quilt blocks are used to investigate and develop procedures for finding the area of squares and rectangles.

• Math, Sweet Math (Authored by Farrah Milby.)

Description: A great way to make math sweet ! Using candy, students explore whole numbers one to hundred thousand. Students place candy on a place value chart and learn how sweet math can be.

• Matter Matters! (Authored by Karen Hamilton.)

Description: This introductory lesson offers an interactive opportunity for the students’ prior knowledge to be expressed and extends an understanding of the states of matter (solid, liquid, gas) through inquiry in preparation for more indepth experimentation in heating and cooling.

• Me, Plain and Tall (Authored by Donna Woods.)

Description: After reading SARAH, PLAIN AND TALL, the students write a narrative putting themselves in the setting of the story.

• Mean Averages (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: Students find the mean, median, and mode by analyzing numerical data.

• Mean Meanings (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students look up multiple definitions of a word and make sentences. These are shared with classmates who select the word that should fit in the sentence. Students write their own sentences to demonstrate understanding.

• Measure Me! (Authored by Jennifer Mann.)

Description: This lesson allows to students to use a nonstandard concrete method to estimate and record measurements of their body.

• Media Moves (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Day 7 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students examine various media to identify ways the media influence thoughts and feelings about health behaviors.

• Medieval Castles (Authored by Nanette Merrell.)

Description: The students design a scale model of a medieval castle and its surroundings including the following items: castle, moat, bailey, drawbridge, turrets, dungeon, grounds, and outer walls.

• Medieval Mathematicians and Whimsical Windows (Authored by Peggy Kelly.)

Description: Open students' minds toward creating a medieval-styled stained glass window. Working as an artist and mathematician on this project demonstrates their mathematical knowledge of symmetry and reflection using congruent geometric shapes.

• Meet our Teachers (Authored by Carolyn Reynolds.)

Description: The students capture the unique personality traits of your school’s teachers and staff using interview skills, an action photo, and sound bite arranged into a Powerpoint presentation that can be shared with the school and parents.

• Memo from the Governor (Authored by Julie Thompson.)

Description: Students receive a mock memo from the governor, setting the stage for inquiry into the history of Florida's capital and for proposing sites for a "heart of Florida" capital. This engagement activity introduces students to a Problem-Based Learning unit.

• Merry Easter (Authored by Deborah Maksymyk.)

Description: Merry Easter? This activity is a fun way to incorporate holiday activities with age appropriate writing skills. The student creates a greeting card to a special person for a special holiday.

• Meter Readers Turned Composers (Authored by Tisa Craig.)

Description: Students learn to interpret time signatures/meter, and then compose eight measures of music in the meter they select.

• Mighty Metaphors (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: This activity addresses one part of this standard on which the students learn that metaphors are figures of speech that compare two things, but do not use the words -as- and -like.- They then complete a worksheet on which they write metaphors.

• Millions of Numbers (Authored by Lisa Driscoll.)

Description: The students use manipulatives and cooperative groups while reading, writing, and identifying whole numbers through millions.

• Mind over Matter (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: Mind Over Matter is for Day 2 of the unit [Inventions and Inventors]. Students use their minds to create new devices out of everyday objects (matter). An introduction to unit vocabulary words and their meanings follows.

• Mobile-ize (Authored by Patti Corley.)

Description: The student creates a mobile with a minimum of four space figures. The mobile is made after the students understand the geometric/space figure vocabulary and have practiced drawing these figures using software programs. (NETS for Students: 3.1 and 3.2)

• Money Bags (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students explore different combinations of coins that can be used for specified amounts of money using paper money and tree diagrams. Students write money amounts in different forms (expanded, standard, decimal).

• Monumental Conclusions (Authored by Shelley Mann.)

Description: Children's literature is used to search and model the art of monumental conclusions. Student written conclusions will be presented in PowerPoint presentations.

• More Bait for Your Buck! (Authored by Denise West.)

Description: This activity, intended for use with a science lesson using invertebrates, poses the problem of where to buy earthworms. Students estimate and weigh worms to determine where they can purchase the heaviest ones. Compile results in a double bar graph.

• More Choices (Authored by Andrea Raley.)

Description: Did you know that words you use could be strong or weak? This activity explores the writing skill of using appropriate word choice. Explore word choice in books, create strong words, and learn the meaning of onomatopoeia.

• More Money, More Money (Authored by Janet Harrigan.)

Description: Students explore money via poetry and problem solving.

• More Volume Please! Don’t Be Dense! (Authored by Dawn Pack.)

Description: Students use their knowledge of mass, volume, and density to determine volume and density. It is assumed that students have seen demonstrations of and have had guided practiced with the measurement procedures and tools used in this lesson.

• Move Over, Beethoven (Authored by Martha Stanley.)

Description: Students, in small groups, create an ABA introductory composition using various, student-chosen sound sources. Student self-assessment opportunities are available.

• Moving to the Beat of the Heart (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Are you familiar with the thump of your heartbeat? In this lesson, students learn about the organs of the circulatory systems as they practice various study skills. Students learn how to establish their resting heart rates.

• Mr. Bubble’s News (Authored by Nancy Hecht.)

Description: This activity is a fun way to learn about and compare magazines and newspapers. The student records the information using bubble and double bubble thinking maps.

• Multi-Cultural Attire (Authored by Carolynne Gischel.)

Description: Students will research the native attire of a chosen culture, write an essay reflecting the role of the attire in the given culture, and create a significant piece of attire from that cultue that will be modeled in a fashion show.

• Multiplication Illustration (Authored by Peggy Christian.)

Description: Engage students using literature and art to apply the principals of multiplication with three or more factors.

• Multiplication Mania (Authored by Kathy Pajak.)

Description: The student will learn to multiply by one-digit whole numbers.

• Multiplying by 3 (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: The students practice the multiples of three as an introduction to multiplying by three.

• Munchy Multiplication (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students will learn the concept of multiplication by putting goldfish crackers into groups, adding them up, and writing multiplication sentences to show what they have done.

• My Dream Job (Authored by Joyce Sewell.)

Description: This lesson allows students to use their research notes from a previous Beacon lesson entitled Searching for a Career to make plans for writing a research paper called My Dream Job.

• My Machine (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How can simple machines affect our health and lifestyle? Students use their knowledge of simple machines to build their unique machines. Their written reports explaining their machines will be published as web pages.

• Mystery Polygon (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Students create riddles by giving a written description of a polygon. They share their riddles with their classmates.

• Name the Constellation (Authored by Lee Strain.)

Description: Students' names twinkle in the night sky when they create narratives for their own constellations.

• Narrative Sketches (Authored by Becky Miller.)

Description: Sketches as an organizer? Quick Sketches with short notes are a fun way to get kids to plan out their narrative stories. Students draw three pictures that illustrate the beginning, middle and end of a story with very short notes to describe the sketches.

• Nature of Game Balls (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students will investigate how mass and size will affect the motion of balls when dropped from the same height.

• Navigating Through Capital History (Authored by Julie Thompson.)

Description: Students research the history of Tallahassee using a Website and other materials to determine why the capital is where it is today. Students organize the information on a timeline and investigate the question, Where's the heart of Florida?

• Newsmakers (Authored by Candace Parker.)

Description: This lesson gives students an opportunity to write about themselves and their families and enables them to share this information with others in a newsletter format. (Nets for Students: 3.2 and 4.2)

• Nine Around the Sun (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Have you wondered about the planets in our solar system? Using this lesson plan as a guide, students explore and record the characteristics of the nine planets. Students learn about gravitation as it applies to orbits.

• No Bones About It (Authored by Stacey Schlichter.)

Description: Ah, the skeleton, that old sack of bones! Actually, it’s the framework for all vertebrates and comes in very handy. Students will obtain valuable knowledge on the skeletal and muscular systems as they explore the Internet and create a model arm.

• North by Way of a Magnet (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: During the study of explorers and on magnetism, students will learn about the use of magnets in navigation. They will magnetize needles and make their own compasses.

• Not Just an Average Class (Authored by Donna Perini.)

Description: Students work together to find the median, mode, and mean of their first and last names using a numerical code in this fun, interactive lesson.

• Not Your Average Planet (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Using information about the planets and our solar system, students explore median, mode, mean, and range. Calculators assist students in finding the range and mean.

• Notes to a Mathematician (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: This activity introduces how to express likelihood as a ratio in fraction form. After exploring the concept of likelihood, students write a -Note to a Mathematician- to analyze what they have observed about the likelihood of simple events.

• Number Muncher (Authored by Jennifer Soderlund.)

Description: Hungry Harold is starving! Students develop and solve comparative number sentences using greater than and less than symbols to feed Harold.

• Number Patterns (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students recognize patterns in a series of numbers and symbols. They also make their own patterns and explain them in writing.

• Numbers, Patterns, and Algebraic Thinking (Authored by Mike Rooney.)

Description: Fifth grade students use spreadsheets to help in their understanding of concepts of numbers, patterns, and algebraic thinking.

• Nutrition with a Smile (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Day 4 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students will listen to a literature selection and then play a game about personal health behaviors related to nutrition.

• Nym Family (Authored by Deborah Maksymyk.)

Description: Anot-Nym always argues. When you say, "up" he says, "down." Charting the Nym family with this activity will assist to increase vocabulary, using antonyms, synonyms, and homonyms.

• Observing the Evidence (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students discuss ways to choose a representative sample of a large group in order to answer a class question and learn how to collect the data.

• Ocean Patterns (Authored by Erin Cleveland.)

Description: Students observe how waves and the tide affect the earth.

• Ocean Vocabulary Word Scramble (Authored by Marci Greene.)

Description: Students use word processing and technology skills to create a word puzzle. Students also learn the skills of copying and pasting graphics.

• Oh Deer! (Authored by Candace Parker.)

Description: Students interact as deer, food, water, and shelter in an activity to demonstrate how nature is constantly changing according to changes in the environment. They construct a graph to show this concept.

• Oh, Let the Rain Fall Down (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Using the three phases of the water cycle and five science vocabulary words, students write a narrative paragraph(s) describing the journey of a raindrop during one day.This introduces personification.

• On the Move (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Can you wiggle your ears? It takes control of the face muscles to wiggle your ears. In this lesson, students learn about the muscular system of the human body as they read articles and participate in activities. Study skills are stressed.

• Opening the Case (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: This is an introduction to the unit Data, Detectives and Decisions. Students are taught how to design an experiment and use graphs and statistics to help solve a problem.

• Orange Freeze (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Orange Freeze gives students a hands-on experience with calculating increased ingredient measures as they multiply a recipe prior to concocting a frozen delight.

• Order My Steps (Authored by Patricia Harris.)

Description: Do your students have two left hands when writing? Are they unorganized, confused, and frustrated? Have no fear. Order is here! This lesson will offer your students with a simple and easy way to group related ideas for their writing assignments.

• Organizing Organs (Authored by Carolyn Garner.)

Description: This is the fifth lesson for days 9-12 in the Unit Plan, What Makes Me Who I Am? Students examine the parts of a cell. They compare and contrast plant cells to animal cells. They understand how cells are organized to form structures (tissues, organs.)

• Our Anthem (Authored by Jill Taylor.)

Description: In honor of the Olympics, students learn some national anthems of the world. They use the melody of “America/My Country 'tis of Thee” to cooperatively brainstorm and write their own town or school anthem.

• Our Body Systems (Authored by Shelia Scofield.)

Description: Students demonstrate learned knowledge that the human body is made up of different systems whose functions are related.

• Our Class Record Book (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Our Class Record Book is an ongoing collection of information about our class. Each entry provides an opportunity for the class to extend their measurement skills.

• Our Country, Our Community, Our Jobs (Authored by Thomas Valesky PhD.)

Description: Students will analyze jobs that are of interest to them. They will create graphic organizers explaining how jobs affect the world in which they live with at least five supporting details.

• Our Government Scavenger Hunt (Authored by Candace Parker.)

Description: Students go on a paper scavenger hunt to learn about the United States Constitution and government.

• Out of This World (Language Arts) (Authored by Candace Parker.)

Description: Groups of students research the planets of our Solar System and create a guidebook for travel through the Solar System.

• Out of This World (Science) (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students complete three hands-on, cooperative activities to learn the positions of the planets from the sun. They then draw a pictorial representation of the position of the planets.

• Out of This World (Solar System) (Authored by Sue Jones.)

Description: The students arrange the planets in the correct order by working in small groups, participating in a class discussion and by constructing a pictorial model of our Solar System.

• Out to Lunch (Authored by Gina Dolan.)

Description: Grab your students’ interest through their stomachs and provide an opportunity for them to solve a problem real to their world. With a menu from a local restaurant, students use their computation skills to plan a lunch with a cost of \$5.00 or less.

• Outlining for Beginners (Authored by Kim Forgione.)

Description: Students learn the standard form of an outline, practice categorizing information, and create a simple outline.

• Over the Rainbow with Isaac Newton (Authored by Paul Baldauf PhD.)

Description: This is an interdisciplinary language arts and science lesson focusing on the nature of rainbows. (composition of light) It includes a poetry assignment and a science experiment with an assessment.

• Pac Man Subtraction (Authored by Katherine McQuown.)

Description: Pac man three-digit subtraction (renaming tens) is taught in a game format using visual symbols, auditory responses (gobbling), and tactile stimuli (touch counting dots).

• Paper Airplane Project (Authored by Judy Fox.)

Description: In this lesson, students have permission to make and fly paper airplanes. Have fun while you are teaching the scientific process.

• Paragraph Elaboration and Examples (Authored by Joanne Anderson.)

Description: Using prompts, the student supports expository paragraphs with examples and elaboration.

• Partner Poetry (Authored by Jill Klausing.)

Description: Students pair up with a partner the teacher has randomly placed together. They brainstorm positive characteristics about their partner, and create a poem about one another.

• Party Time (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students create a schedule to provide to the guests of a birthday party. This activity incorporates elasped time, time duration, and AM and PM.

• Passages of Man and Word (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson uses timelines and a variety of sources to provide understanding of selected developments in transportation and written communication prior to the Renaissance and how these changes affected the lives of people.

• Patchwork Quilting (Authored by Kathy Pajak.)

Description: Students apply knowledge of symmetry to design and create individual squares of a patchwork quilt. Students' squares are compiled to form a classroom quilt which can be used to explore area in a follow-up lesson entitled -Math on Your Lap Quilt.-

• Peace Begins with Me (Authored by Judith Bachay.)

Description: This lessons help students develop pro-social skills. Through the metaphors of a Dr. Seuss story, students identify bias, prejudice and discrimination. They brainstorm and practice skills that promote respect for diversity.

• Peer Power Partners (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Peer Power Partners empowers fourth graders with care and consideration for others as they tutor their first grade reading buddies.

• Pen Pal Party (Authored by Shelia Scofield.)

Description: Students write letters to students in other areas of the state, country, or world focusing on using the correct friendly letter form as well as describing their lives and asking questions to learn about someone else's life.

• Pen Pals (Authored by Glenn Rutland.)

Description: Students become pen pals from other countries and research their countries for information that will help with their writing. This information is then sent to another student who is also portraying someone from another country.

• Penguin Palace (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: The students design a model to scale of the basement in [Mr. Popper's Penquins]. The model includes 5 modifications made to the basement by Mr. Popper and identifies the area and perimeter of each modification.

• Pennies of My Life Part I (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Students write their autobiographies, collect pennies for each year of their lives, and illustrate their favorite yearly activities, after they read and discuss the book [The Hundred Penny Box]. This is part one of a two-part project lesson.

• Pennies of My Life Part II (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Students write and construct their own autobiographies, based on [The Hundred Penny Box] by Sharon Bell Mathis. Sunshine State Standards used are narrative writing, peer editing, and writing process steps. This is the second part of a two-part project lesson.

• People Do Not Live In Round Houses (Authored by Jane Peebles.)

Description: Do you want well-rounded students who are excellent writers and informed technology users? This is the lesson for you! This lesson teaches students to create, revise, retrieve and verify information.

• Perfect Places! (Authored by Judy Bryant.)

Description: This lesson will help students understand the role of the decimal point and the relationship between tenths, hundredths, and thousandths.

• Perfect Polygons (Authored by Jacquelyn Clark.)

Description: This lesson introduces the concept of regular and irregular polygons.

• Perfectly Puzzling Pentominoes (Authored by Mary Bohannon.)

Description: Students utilize manipulatives (pentominoes) to demonstrate knowledge of: lines of symmetry, slides, reflections(flips), rotations(turns), area, and perimeter.

• Perfectly Square (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students use graph paper to make models of perfect squares.

• Perky Plurals (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students learn how to form the plurals of words by adding -s, -es, changing the y to i and adding -es, changing the f or fe to v and adding -es, and some irregular cases. The children then use this knowledge to play a station activity game.

• Persuaded or Informed? (Authored by Deborah Maksymyk.)

Description: This activity incorporates real life media, such as the newspaper and/or magazines, to help students identify an author's purpose for writing, whether it is an informational or persuasive article.

• Persuasive Vegetables (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: This lesson is intended as an introduction to persuasive writing. Students work in groups to write paragraphs that persuade others to eat or to not eat certain vegetables.

• Piece-by-Piece (Authored by Andrea Raley.)

Description: Every story is made up of the same parts. Character, setting, and plot are the story elements. Each author has to use these in order to spark an interest in the reader. Students break apart stories, complete story webs, and make a Venn diagram in this lesson.

• Pies and Rhythms (Authored by Robert Cox.)

Description: Students learn to use different types of pies to recognize and notate rhythms in standard notation. The students use popsicle sticks to illustrate rhythms clapped by someone else.

• Piggy Pockets (Authored by Kelly Toomey.)

Description: Students work cooperatively to formulate estimates and calculate exact totals when dealing with money. They keep a checkbook ledger to illustrate totals in their piggy pockets.

• Pinpointing Particular Places (Authored by Laura Brown.)

Description: The students locate places on the globe using lines of latitude and longitude and give the names of the locations, using latitude and longitude measurements.

• Pizza Probability (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Pizza Probability allows students to use graphing software in displaying the results of their gathered statistical data to make predictable decisions in suggesting the varieties of pizza to sell at a community fundraiser.

• Place Value Popsicles (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: The student will explore regrouping and place value in a game format using concrete models.

• Plant Parts with Sequencing Cube (Authored by Elizabeth Elliott.)

Description: Students learn the parts of the plant by looking at live plants, listening to the story [Jack's Garden] by Henry Cole, researching and sequencing the various plant parts.

• Playful Verbs (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students will learn how to read sentences and determine whether the verb tense of the sentence is past, present, or future. The children use this knowledge to play a station activity game.

• Playground Games (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: This review lesson allows students to use their knowledge of velocity and wave behavior while competing in playground games.

• Please Explain (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This language arts lesson is for Day 3 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students interact with various examples of expository writing identifying any irrelevant and/or repeated information.

• Plot It (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: Students use a stem-and-leaf plot from a set of data to identify the range, median, and mode of their own math grades.

• Plotting Ordered Pairs 1 (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: This lesson serves as an introduction to graphing. Students identify the origin and use the x- and y-axes to plot positive ordered pairs in the coordinate system.

• Plotting Ordered Pairs 2 (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: This is -part 2- of an introductory lesson that exposes students to identifying and plotting positive ordered pairs in a coordinate system. Prerequisite knowledge: origin, x- and y-axes, and a basic understanding of how to plot ordered pairs.

• Political Cartoons (Authored by Kim Forgione.)

Description: Students observe, discuss, and identify techniques used and messages conveyed through various political cartoons.

• Popcorn Literacy (Authored by Stephanie Callaway.)

Description: Try popcorn and a great book! Students will participate in a book share that facilitates mastery of literary elements (in a delicious way). At the conclusion of a book, students are required to discuss setting, plot, character, problem, and solution/resolution in a presentation format. This lesson also provides for creative representation and nurtures the love of reading.

• Popsicle Prose (Authored by Charlotte Fooks.)

Description: This lesson is designed to teach students to write an expository essay explaining a logical sequence of events. While eating a Popsicle, they think about how they would describe the steps they go through to eat it.

• Positively Precise Organization (Authored by Shelley Mann.)

Description: Students go online to critique the organization of children's writing.

• Postcards from the Past (Authored by Kim Forgione.)

Description: Students create postcards of historical events.

• Power Place Value (Authored by Marcy Burnette.)

Description: Students learn Power Place Value numbers - hundreds, thousands, and ten thousands by working with a variety of manipulatives in a cooperative learning activity.

• Power to the People (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Reviewing the branches of government can be a boring, tedious procedure, but students will be happy to show what they know while participating in this game type review.

• Power Words (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: This lesson teaches students about synonyms and antonyms. Students also use a thesaurus to look up antonyms and synonyms.

• Prefix Power (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students will increase their vocabulary by learning about root words, prefixes and suffixes. They will then use this knowledge to play a Prefix Power station activity game.

• President Who? (Authored by Tabitha Kosmas.)

Description: Using their reading comprehension skills, the students will demonstrate their knowledge of basic facts on George Washington and Abraham Lincoln through a question and answer game format.

• Preventing Childhood Diseases Project (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: The students become informed advocates in the prevention of childhood diseases during the Preventing Childhood Diseases Project.

• Probability or Ability? (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students test probabilty by catching candy.

• Probability Popsicle Pop-ups (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students decorate and use popsicle sticks as manipulatives to assist with their learning of probability.

• Problem Solving with Batting Averages (Authored by Mary Kay Bacallao.)

Description: Students use data from an Excel document to analyze and predict trends in batting averages.

• Problems in Pollutia (Authored by Kelly Toomey.)

Description: Students work in groups to make recomendations about environmental issues arising in the imaginary kingdom called Pollutia. They present short speeches highlighting action they believe should be taken and ideas of how each problem should be solved.

• Product Persuasion (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Students analyze the “hidden” messages of product advertisements, and then write their own advertisements for the products they bring into class. The skill focus is to write persuasively using the six-traits of writing.

• Prove it! Fact or Opinion (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: The purpose of this lesson is to teach students the difference between fact and opinion. Students have an opportunity to pick out facts or opinions in reading and to create their own fact or opinion statements.

• Publishing a Group Book (Authored by Joyce Sewell.)

Description: Students will learn how to follow a pattern for writing pages that can be collaborated into a book. Students will learn writing skills, computer skills, and editing skills necessary to publish a piece of writing.

• Publishing an Alphabet Book (Authored by Joyce Sewell.)

Description: Students use basic computer skills needed to publish individual books. The students do research on a subject of their choice and write an individual A,B,C Book on their subject.

• Pumpkin Seed Data! (Authored by Emily Vander Kooy.)

Description: How many seeds are in a pumpkin? Find out in this lesson! [NOTE: This lesson is designed for a grade level in which students change classes. It is easily adaptable for self-contained classrooms.]

• Putting Our Solar System in Order (Authored by Kristina Robinson.)

Description: Students use a Website to explore sizes, composition, and characteristics of the planets. They then form a model of the planets orbiting the sun. Students’ models demonstrate the planets’ different sizes.

• Putting Together Pictographs (Authored by Terri Eichbauer.)

Description: Understanding pictographs can be easy when students learn to make their own. In this lesson, students learn about pictographs by seeing examples of different types, creating one together with the teacher and then creating one on their own.

• Pyramid Power (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This health lesson plan is for Day 3 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students brainstorm facets of well-being and investigate health behaviors related to nutrition.

• Quandaries, Quagmires, and Quadrilaterals (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students classify, flip, slide, and turn a quantity of quadrilaterals. Hands-on manipulatives and problem-solving steps are used to explore these four-sided polygons. This plan is the fifth in a series of lessons on geometry.

• Rainbow Writing (Authored by Prudence Mason.)

Description: This lesson teaches students how to revise a draft for organization using a creative visual approach. It is a great lesson for weaning them from simple paragraphs to multi-paragraph stories and essays.

• Read My Lips (Authored by Deniece Weaver.)

Description: Get your students prepared to learn more about Florida's government by teaching them the three branches of government. Students write and present a campaign speech explaining the reasons why they would be the best candidate for governor.

• Reader Response Poetry (Authored by Karyn Snell.)

Description: Instead of a book report, why not have your students do a Cinquain poem about the book?

• Reading The Great Kapok Tree (Authored by Karen Garcia.)

Description: Students gain an understanding of the development of plot and how conflicts are resolved in [The Great Kapok Tree] written by Lynne Cherry. Students demonstrate this understanding by completing a story frame.

• Reading Predictions (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students use a table of contents, index, headings, captions, illustrations, and major words to predict content and purpose of reading from their science or social studies textbook.

• Ready, Set, Go! (Authored by Diane Schmidt.)

Description: The students conduct an inquiry-based investigation to generate, collect, organize, analyze and display data in order to determine the effect of net force on an object.

• Rearrange the Room (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Rearrange the Room gives the class a constructive problem-solving lesson in these days of construction and renovation of building projects in our school system. Students measure and grid their ideas for the new classroom floor plan.

• Referendum Results: Our New Year Expectations (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: -Referendum Results: Our New Year Expectations- gives the class a meaningful voice in planning their semester activities as they survey and graph their choices.

• Reflections of a Different Time; Pilgrim Children (Authored by Michele Ludick.)

Description: Students create a reflective journal entry on the lives of Pilgrim children. Optional opportunities are provided for students to use a word processing program or create a PowerPoint presentation.

• Reinforcing Fractions Using a Fraction Calculator (Authored by Joseph Furner PhD.)

Description: This lesson incorporates the use of Texas Instruments (TI) Explorer Calculators to reteach and reinforce operations with fraction/mixed number concepts using technology.

• Relaxation Station (Authored by Farrah Milby.)

Description: The Relaxation Station teaches students how to C.O.P.E. with stress and anxiety. Students learn helpful strategies to use in a classroom center.

• Responsibility (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How can we teach students to be responsible? This lesson invites students to brainstorm, and then share ideas of how they can behave responsibly by respecting the rights of others. This is lesson one of seven in the unit, A Television in My Room.

• Revamped Recipe (Authored by Kim Adair.)

Description: This lesson is used to assist students with proportional measurements. Students will use a given recipe written for 12 servings, and use a chart to determine the ingredient amounts for 30 servings (or number of students in class).

• Rice (Gohan) Observations (Authored by Christy Williamson.)

Description: The student estimates, observes, and records observations of rice (known as -gohan- in Japan) in two experiments and communicates the results.

• Rise and Review (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Days 7 and 8 of the unit [Inventions and Inventors]. Students work in small groups to brainstorm responses to teacher posed questions as a means of review and present their Interview Projects.

• Road Trip (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students will use the Internet and other research tools to create a PowerPoint presentation on their chosen destination.

• Rock On! (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: In making different types of candy and cookies, students will have models of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks.

• Rock the Boat (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: As a spelling strategy, the students learn how to divide words into syllables between the consonants in the middle of the word. The students then use this knowledge to play a station activity game.

• Rock the Rocky Road (Authored by Sharon Hardy.)

Description: Students independently perform an accompaniment on a barred instrument using appropriate techniques such as mallet control, keeping a steady beat, and attention to tempo and conductor.

• Rock the Vote (Authored by Kristi Fisher.)

Description: Would you like to create your own laws? Students get the opportunity to participate in the process of making laws. After reenacting this process, they explain the function and duties of the House and the Senate within the Florida government.

• Roll a Fact (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students will write multiplication and division fact families for two given numbers.

• Roll On (Authored by Linda Kitner.)

Description: This is a structured inquiry lesson on force and motion. Students observe how forces such as gravity, friction, equal, unequal forces and change in direction cause marbles to move. Small groups develop and present models to explain the forces they observe.

• Roller Coaster Mania (Authored by Alice Joseph.)

Description: This is a fun way for students to extend their knowledge of developing maps. Students work in cooperative groups to develop an amusement park display and a brochure.

• Roman Toothpicks (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students make a chart comparing Roman numerals and our number system using toothpicks and construction paper.

• Rootbeer Writing (Authored by Scherie Hritz-Atwell.)

Description: Make writing more thirst quenching. Using IBC Rootbeer, watch introductions, bodies, and conclusions within the paper become more delightful.

• Running Out Loud (Authored by Thomas Martin.)

Description: Throughout this outdoor activity, students will work together to practice communication skills, leadership, trust, respect and creativity. The student's ability to focus will determine the student's success.

• Safety Scenes (Authored by Carolyn Modawell.)

Description: The students look at teacher-developed or student-developed slides of safe and unsafe situations. They identify the possible dangers and what can be done to prevent them.

• Safety Surveys (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Students conduct Family Safety Surveys on a weekly basis for a month, hoping to encourage their families to actually practice safe family skills on a consistent basis.

Description: Salad Factory allows students the ability to make their own salad and have the salad computer analyze it for the nutritional content.

• San Luis Trip (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: San Luis Trip gives students an authentic field trip view of an archeological site replicating the influences of the Apalachee Indians and Spanish missionaries.

• Schedules, When and Where? (Authored by Wesley May.)

Description: Students make and keep a daily schedule for a week. They discover elapsed time and calendar time frames.

• Scientific Method and Crystal Growth (Authored by Paul Baldauf PhD.)

Description: Students use a hands-on experiment in crystal growth to learn about the nature of science as inquiry. In addition to science as inquiry, the students will learn about mineral crystallization and rates of crystal growth.

• Scores of Surveys (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Days 6-8 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students create appropriate survey questions, administer a survey, create pictographs to display the survey results, and explain the results from the data.

• Searching for a Career (Authored by Joyce Sewell.)

Description: This lesson allows students to do research on careers, take notes on what kind of job they would like to have when they grow up, and construct a timeline for reaching this goal.

• Sensitive Synonyms (Authored by Bertha Stanley.)

Description: The students use a variety of hands-on activities to increase their understanding of synonyms.

• Sentence Sequence (Authored by Kevin Hall.)

Description: Students write a paragraph with detail sentences in chronological sequence using the signal words: first, next, then, after, and finally.

• Settling America in 1640 (Authored by Shelia Scofield.)

Description: This activity gives students information about an American settlement in 1640. It will also ask them to take what they have learned and use it to write a story that takes place in that time period.

• Shape It Up (Authored by Thomas Martin.)

Description: Students work together to gather communication skills; practice leadership, trust, and respect; and experience creativity in this indoor/outdoor activity.

• Shape Up Exercise (Authored by Barbara Estevez.)

Description: This activity allows students to use technology to demonstrate mastery of congruent and similar shapes. Students use software like MS Word 97 or higher with gridlines to draw the shapes and manipulate them for congruency and similarity.

• Ship Shape (Authored by Barbara Brown.)

Description: Ship Shape allows students to experiment with, identify, and follow teacher-directed instruction toward understanding two-dimensional geometric shapes found within the environment.

• Shopping Spree (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: In Shopping Spree, students use estimation skills as they race a thirty- minute time limit to spend no more than \$1,000 in a toy catalog.

• Show Me (Authored by Nancy Slack.)

Description: Create a game show atmosphere to heighten student interest in writing. Students use descriptive language (specific nouns, adjectives, and strong verbs) to be sure their message/image is clear.

• Show You Care (Authored by Carolyn Mannis.)

Description: Students construct a four-line poem to be used on the inside of a Valentine's Day card. They use a digital camera to show themselves to their "buddies" (local nursing home patients) who will receive the cards on Valentine's Day.

• Signs of Autumn (Authored by Cathie London.)

Description: This is a culminating activity on the study of photosynthesis, how chlorophyll is important to leaves, and why leaves change colors in the fall.

• Silly Symmetrical Names (Authored by Vicky Nichols.)

Description: Students participate in hands-on activities to introduce them to the concept of symmetry.

• Similar and Congruent Triangles (Authored by Mary Kay Bacallao.)

Description: Students create and classify different types of triangles using an online geo-board. They explore the concepts of similar and congruent as they discover how to draw similar and congruent triangles.

• Similar Similes (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: This activity addresses the first part of the GLE LA.D.2.2.2.3.1. The students learn that similes are figures of speech that use the words -as- and -like- as visual terms. They use this knowledge to complete a worksheet where they write some similes.

• Simile About Me (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students identify and write similes in a fun and memorable way!

• Simple Bar Graphs Using Excel (Authored by Mary Kay Bacallao.)

Description: Students create surveys and generate data for a simple Excel bar graph using two variables.

• Simple Melody (Authored by Susan Dane.)

Description: Students write out the rhythm to a song using stick notation.

• Simple Sequencing (Authored by Sharon Ussery.)

Description: Students will be moving to the music to find their sequencing partners in this stand up version of musical chairs. Students will organize a series of three pictures and as a group write sentences that will describe their pictures.

• Sing As One (Authored by Tisa Craig.)

Description: Prepare students for district festival, all-state, competitions, or even singing the two-part songs performed in the World's Largest Concert by rehearsing with recorded music featuring their parts played alone, progressing to students singing their parts accapella and, finally, performing with other parts in an ensemble with piano accompaniment.

• Sinking in the Rain (or Drought) (Authored by Lisa Fenn.)

Description: The students learn ways that sinkholes are formed as well as the effects of sinkholes on humans and the natural environment.

• Skateboard Renegade (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: What does skateboarding have to do with showing responsibility? Reading skills and strategies are taught while students use the novel, [Skateboard Renegade], to explore responsibility. A variety of simple machines is identified and their uses explored.

• SkittleGraphs (Authored by Kathy Pajak.)

Description: The student will learn to make a bar graph.

• Skittles™ in the Middle (Authored by Peggy Christian.)

Description: Entice students using candy to determine a mean of a set of real world data.. Students work in small groups, using bags of Skittles™ to determine the mean of one color of Skittles™ found in each bag, in each group, and in the entire class.

• Sondage: J’ai horreur des broccolis! A Survey of Food Preferences: I Hate Broccoli! (Authored by Susan Johansen.)

Description: This is a fun way for students to see if they are able to comprehend oral messages using learned food vocabulary in French. Students listen to each other to participate in a contrived conversation in French to determine preferences for known food items.

• Speak a Little Clearer! (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: In this lesson the teacher models effective speaking strategies for students. The students prepare an oral presentation of a Fairy Tale or short story. The students demonstrate effective speaking strategies during their presentations.

• Speak No Evil (Authored by Patricia Harris.)

Description: What's up? Oh, yes, that's just the expression. If your students have no idea of what to say, this lesson will offer a fun way to explore all the possibilities in a world of communication!

• Speaking Geometrically (Authored by Marilyn Wallace.)

Description: This activity introduces students to, and reinforces, the vocabulary needed to identify the attributes of two and three-dimensional figures.

• Spring Doesn't Bug Me (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Students make a LADYBUG art item using math vocabulary and measurements of circles. Previously written Haiku poems are affixed to the LADYBUG for a Spring display.

• Spring into Science (Authored by Suzanne Roberts.)

Description: Students become investigative scientists through observing, recording, and analyzing data collected from Wakulla Springs Video Web Camera.

• Squares to Compare (Authored by Michael Marzano.)

Description: In this lesson the students learn how to draw and classify two and three dimensional figures (squares, triangles, rectangles.)

• Star -Spangled Illustrations (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students create a PowerPoint presentation to show their patriotism and express their thoughts on the meaning of The Star-Spangled Banner with this exciting and creative activity.

• Start Your Engines: An Internet Research Lesson (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: This lesson offers informational how-tos for conducting research on the Internet. Three search engines are introduced and used to gather information to solve a specific problem. This lesson is to be used in a series of lessons on geometry. (NETS for Students: 5.1)

• Stop, Drop, Goal (Authored by Prudence Mason.)

Description: Is tattling burning you up? Here’s a good lesson for teaching students to resolve conflicts quickly and independently in the classroom by connecting putting out fights to putting out fire.

• String of Fish (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Pairs of students research a Florida fish to determine its length. They display this information on two index cards, which are cut to the shape of the head and the tail and attached to a string that they measure and cut to the correct length of the fish.

• Strong Verb Image Makers (Authored by Carol Swanick.)

Description: Strong verbs make strong writing. Students use description language to clarify ideas and create vivid images in an essay.

• Student’s Choice (Authored by Gema Perez.)

Description: What happens when we listen to a storybook? Students interact, answer questions, and extend the story plot.

• Subject Poetry (Authored by Julia Balukin.)

Description: Subject poetry allows students to write creatively using the letters of the subject they are writing about to begin each line. Students will experience presenting their work to the class as well as listening and responding to poetry.

• Subtraction Relay (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students will subtract two-digit numbers and use addition to check their subtraction.

• Succeeding at Kite Day (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Succeeding At Kite Day is a learning invitation that encourages students to design a successful kite for flying at the annual spring, school-wide Kite Day.

• Sunrise Sequencing (Authored by Jennifer Marshall.)

Description: By using sequencing from their everyday lives, students will gain experience in writing.

• Survey Savvy (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This is a math lesson for Days 4 and 5 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students design appropriate questions for a survey, survey classmates, create a pictograph to represent the results, and explain the survey results.

• Survey Says… (Authored by Bobby Uschold.)

Description: Students survey their classmates and use this data to create a bar graph.

• Surviving the Hatchet (Authored by Becky Miller.)

Description: The novel [Hatchet] is about survival after divorce and a plane crash. How would we survive if we had the same thing happen to us? Journals will keep track of students ideas.

• Survivor Suitcases (Authored by Alison Hannon.)

Description: Yikes! The class must prepare for a trip to a desert island. Students may only bring three things in their “Survivor Suitcases.” Students write to explain why they chose each item in order to “survive.”

• Synonymous Sharks (Authored by Vicky Brioso.)

Description: This lesson focuses on developing and applying vocabulary knowledge as well as reciprocal reading strategies through the use of an article on sharks. Students use the Internet to access the passage.

• Systems Working Together (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How do the systems of the human body work together to carry out the processes needed for life? Through various activities, students become aware of the interdependence of our body systems. Students also practice reading in the content area.

• Tackling Mean - Median and Mode (Authored by Jeffrey Townsend.)

Description: Get ready for some football! Wear a jersey of your favorite player or team and get ready to tackle mean, median, and mode. The students fill in stat sheets using the numbers on jerseys. This is a great kickoff for the Math Bowl!

• Take A Splash into the Gene Pool (Authored by Carolyn Garner.)

Description: This is the third lesson and fifth day of the Unit, What Makes Me Who I Am? Students further explore inherited characteristics by conducting a simulated experiment where they create a person using simple genetic coding.

• Take Me Out to the Ball Game (Authored by Gretchen Witherspoon.)

Description: This game can be used to practice solving real-world math problems of any type of particular operation. The game can be used to assess students' mastery of selecting the appropriate operation to solve specific problems.

• Taking Outer Space to Cyber Space (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Students experience the joy of sharing their knowledge of the planets in our solar system by completing an expository writing and then publishing their writing on an Internet Web page. The Beacon Web authoring tool, SiteMaker will be used.

• Tallahassee or Bust (Authored by Shelley Mann.)

Description: Fourth or fifth grade students create a Power Point presentation to record their trip to Tallahassee.

• Tangram Discovery (Authored by Monica Stahley.)

Description: Tangrams are used to develop a child’s natural curiosity and the skills to be used in problem solving. These skills will encourage creativity and divergent thinking, while developing an understanding and enjoyment of math concepts and cultural awareness.

• Teacher, We Shrunk the Classroom (Authored by Amy Jansen.)

Description: The students will use the metric system or standard measurement to measure the perimeter of the classroom; area of the floor, walls, chalkboard, teacher desk, student desks, closets, etc. to create a scale model of the classroom.

• Technology in the Early 1800s (Authored by Francis Sicius.)

Description: Students view and analyze photos that depict early nineteenth century work technology from the on-line Smithsonian photo collection.

• Television Schedule Time (Authored by KELLY SMITH.)

Description: Students use a television schedule from the newspaper to practice elapsed time to the hour and half hour.

• Ten Pins (Authored by Kathy Pajak.)

Description: Students use computer-based and hands-on activities to discover and explore patterns of multiplication using multiples of 10, 100, and 1,000.

• Tetrahedron Kites (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students learn about two-dimensional and three-dimensional figures by making a kite.

• That's a Fact (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This language arts lesson is for Day 5 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students use various media (newspapers, magazines, brochures, catalogs, etc.) to distinguish fact from opinion.

Description: TOAD by Ruth Brown is a great way to illustrate the proper use of adjectives in written language. Students make a class book utilizing a story pattern and knowledge gained through the book TOAD.

• The Arthur Ashe Story (Authored by Edward Blackwell, Jr..)

Description: Students learn and share their information on Arthur Ashe. In the process, they use the Internet to find information about Arthur Ashe and to create a biography using chronological order. This lesson is appropriate for grades 4 through 6.

• The Beat Goes On (Authored by Diane Schmidt.)

Description: Students examine and collect data on the heart at work and rest.

• The Breakfast Busters Persuade Others (Authored by Scott Hebert.)

Description: Students will learn how advertisements are used to influence people in making decisions. They will have an opportunity to write a persuasive essay on their favorite breakfast cereal.

• The Building Blocks of Geometry (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students explore geometric building blocks in the real world in order to describe the characteristics and relationships of points, lines, line segments, rays, and planes. This is the first lesson plan in a series of lessons in geometry.

• The Color of Poetry (Authored by Julia Balukin.)

Description: This is a fun and creative method for introducing students to poetry. Students gain experience writing and presenting poetry as well as listening and responding to poetry.

• The Composer's Blueprint (Authored by Tisa Craig.)

Description: Students recognize AB and ABA form in music and distinguish between these two forms. Students also learn the meaning of tempo and how to perform accents in written music.

• The Eraser Game (Authored by Katherine Sparks.)

Description: This is a good first day of school icebreaker to begin the new year. At the conclusion of this activity, the students understand the necessity of rules and the consequences of not having rules.

• The Fun Polygon (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students use hands-on manipulatives to explore and describe the properties and attributes of the “fundamental” polygon: triangles. This is the fourth lesson in a series of five on geometry.

• The Great Chile Challenge (Authored by Manuel Bustamante.)

Description: This lesson allows students to gather data, create a graph, and interpret information. Students improve vocabulary by practicing graph creation, negotiating ideas and meaning of the graphs created, and communicating those meanings.

• The House of Burgesses (Authored by Thomas Lucey.)

Description: The students will role-play a session of the House of Burgesses from colonial times to demonstrate how laws affect different people in different ways.

• The Human Body, Incorporated (Authored by Linda Kitner.)

Description: Joe is the CEO of the Human Body, Incorporated. He is downsizing. The students research each body system and write a letter to Joe persuading him to keep specific body parts as employees.

• The Ice Cream Shop (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: The Ice Cream Shop gives students an opportunity to design products, calculate appropriate selling prices, and calculate the costs, income, and profits generated from an ice cream business.

• The Incredible Edible Rocks (Authored by Cathie London.)

Description: As a culminating activity to the study of rocks, students observe three different goodies and compare them to the three different types of rocks, noting the similarities and differences.

• The Incredible Flexible Line (Authored by Lynne Locke.)

Description: Swirly, curly, or straight as an arrow, lines can be whatever you want them to be. Students discover the excitement of working with one of design's most flexible elements, the line.

• The Making of an Organ (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How do cells make up our organs? Using a science reading, the study skills of outlining, note writing, and using a graphic organizer are taught. Students make a model of a tongue showing cells, tissues and the organ.

• The Many Phases of the Moon (Authored by Elizabeth Elliott.)

Description: This lesson expands students' knowledge of the phases of the moon. Using a daily newspaper from the Internet, students develop an understanding of the phases of the moon in relation to the calendar days. ESOL strategies are incorporated to assist with reading and include cooperative learning activities.

• The Meaning of the Mean (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students use candy to learn about mean, median, mode, and range.

• The Nature of Haiku Poetry (Authored by Jody Robinson.)

Description: Haiku poetry is an excellent way for students to focus on the use of language to describe observations of nature. Students write in the standard Haiku form while practicing the use of simile, alliteration, metaphor, and analogy to describe nature.

• The Parkingtons Are Coming (Authored by Glenn Rutland.)

Description: You have been chosen to take in a family of aliens from the planet Pluto. Your job is to decide what important things they need to know before they come. You can send 10 pages from the Almanac. Which 10 pages do you think will help them the most?

• The Plane! The Plane! (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students draw, describe, and classify polygons built from points, lines, line segments, and rays within a two-dimensional plane. This lesson plan is the third in a series of five on geometry.

• The Plastic Bag Greenhouse (Authored by Elizabeth Elliott.)

Description: Students observe, record, and describe how roots, stems, and leaves grow.

• The Price is Right (Math) (Authored by Kelly Allen.)

Description: The students design written advertisements using cut out items from catalogs or newspapers in order to persuade consumers.

• The Price is Right, So Let's Make Change (Authored by Denise Simonson.)

Description: Students estimate, calculate, and count back the amount of change needed from purchases made during small group activities. This lesson can be used to extend the lesson, -Is the Price Right?- available from the Beacon Learning Center.

• The Real Problem of the Week (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Problem of the Week engages students in an integrated, ongoing awareness of the current events affecting our daily lives as reported in our local newspaper while working mathematical word problems.

• The S.S.Tarpon (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Students investigate the S.S.Tarpon, a local shipwreck that is currently preserved as a historic landmark, and persuade others to preserve it.

• The Skeleton Within (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: We know that dancing skeletons aren’t real, but are our bones alive? Through an article read and various activities, students learn about the bones, joints, and other attributes of the skeletal system. Students create outlines and graphic organizers.

• The Solar System (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: This lesson is a follow-up to a unit on the Solar System. Students select one aspect of the Solar System to research. From information gleaned, students write expository reports and participate in the development of a multimedia presentation.

• The Stock Exchange Phase I (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: The students select a stock to follow. In the course of this lesson, they collect, organize, display, and analyze data. Students construct line graphs using the data from their selected stocks.

• The Stock Exchange Phase II (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: The students select a stock to follow. In the course of this lesson, they collect, organize, display, and analyze real-world data, using a bar graph to show patterns. They begin to develop a multimedia presentation using computer software.

• The Stock Exchange Phase III (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: Using information from the stock exchange, students create a multimedia presentation and present it to the class. This lesson teaches communication and technology skills.

• The Telling: A Thanksgiving Story (Authored by Michele Ludick.)

Description: With the use of literature, students compare and contrast different points of view on the first Thanksgiving.

• The Value of an M & M! (Authored by Christine Cline.)

Description: This activity is an exciting way to introduce place value. The students will enthusiastically use colored M & M’s to determine the different categories of place value.

• The Water Cycle and Clementine (Authored by Paula Sanders.)

Description: After a demonstration and discussion of the water cycle, a water cycle song is learned to the tune of Clementine. Students then draw and label the water cycle in their journals, add vocabulary words to the word wall and complete KWL charts.

• There Is No Place Like Home on the Range (Authored by Claudette McCann.)

Description: Students use data from the real estate guide to find the range, mode, median, and mean of a sampling of homes for sale in their area.

• Thermometers Rising (Authored by Laura Windham.)

Description: Students love this hands-on activity while they demonstrate the ability to accurately read a Fahrenheit thermometer. Students use actual thermometers and enjoy thermometer stamps.

• Think Fast! What Would You Do If . . . (Authored by Glenn Rutland.)

Description: This two-day project encourages students to use critical thinking and problem solving skills. It allows students to make choices and to use imagination to develop a solution for each problem. Solutions are then presented to the class.

• Thirsty for A Liter or Milliliter? (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: This lesson allows students to select and estimate the most reasonable metric units of measurement to determine capacity using liters or milliliters.

• Those Convincing Commercials (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Those Convincing Commercials engages the class in creating a powerful commercial to advertise the cereal that they feel is most nutritious.

• Three Switches (Authored by T. Sundeen.)

Description: Students will discover three types of electrical switches and form connections to their lives with examples that they generate.

• Three, Two, One, Go! (Authored by Michelle Hill.)

Description: This activity allows students to know why the height of an inclined plane affects the speed at which an object travels.

• Three-Dimensional Play Dough (Authored by Judy Fox.)

Description: This hands-on lesson is an excellent review for three-dimensional figures. The students make models of three-dimensional figures and then use these play dough figures to observe and count the vertices, edges, and faces.

• Through the Years (Language Arts) (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: "Through the Years" gives the student an opportunity to write his or her own autobiography using a multimedia format on the computer.

• Through the Years (Social Studies) (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: -Through the Years- gives the students an opportunity to write their own autobiographies. It is the first lesson in a three-part series seeking to answer the question, -How do we know about history?-

• Thumbs Up to a Good Book! (Authored by Madonna Scime.)

Description: In this lesson students read a short fiction story. They write a recommendation paragraph which includes specific information defending their choices.

• Time Flies When Math Is Fun (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students will use demonstration clocks and play a game to determine elapsed time.

• Time Flyers (Authored by Wayne Mitchell.)

Description: Can time really fly? Involve your students in finding elapsed time and creating real-world problems using an airline flight schedule.

• Timeline Shuffle (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Science, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: It’s a lineup! Students become actively involved in creating a timeline of significant technology achievements and scientific discoveries. This lesson is for Day 6 of the unit [Inventions and Inventors].

• Times Are Changing (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: Times Are Changing is the final lesson plan in the unit, In Days of Old, Before Columbus. Students explore the need for trade, cultural and intellectual achievements, and scientific and technological advancements emphasizing how these achievements affect modern day.

• To Be a Star or Not to Be a Star (Authored by Christine Kells.)

Description: Through completing an interactive classroom experiment, students identify an author’s purpose, formulate personal opinions and respect the viewpoints of others. Cooperative learning strategies are also utilized.

• To Whom It May Concern! – Writing for a Variety of Audiences (Authored by Teri Morgan.)

Description: To Whom It May Concern! – Writing for a Variety of Audiences is a lesson that gives students the opportunity to practice writing to a variety of audiences. Students will write friendly letters concerning the same subject to two contrasting readers or audiences.

• Top Secret Sensitive Information (Authored by Julie Thompson.)

Description: Students play the role of detectives and develop criteria to evaluate sites for the heart of Florida capital. To do this, they use teacher made TOP SECRET folders with information that represents diverse cultural perspectives and state maps.

• Touring Bay County (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: Touring Bay County helps students become comfortable using the Bay County History CD Rom for research by sending them on a scavenger hunt through the CD.

• Touring My County (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students will research historical county events in order to discover how individuals, ideas, decisions, and events have influenced history over the past century.

• Traffic Light Probability (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Traffic Light Probability engages the class in a probability experiment on the way to a local state park for a class field trip.

• Travel Back in Time (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Have you ever wanted to travel back in time? This introductory lesson for the unit In Days of Old, Before Columbus, emphasizes use of a timeline with students developing their own timelines. Students view a Student Web Lesson, Travel to Days of Old, which gives an overview of the Middle Ages.

• Traveling to Japan: Which Way Do We Go? (Authored by Christy Williamson.)

Description: Students determine -Which way do we go?- and explore various methods for measuring the distance between Florida and Japan.

• Turtle Sightings on BEACON Sitemaker (Authored by Sheila Ryan.)

Description: Students work together in groups to create web-based reports that demonstrate structural characteristics of sea turtles and how they have adapted to live in their marine environment.

• Two by Two Guitars! (Authored by Sandra Rosengren.)

Description: In this lesson, students learn to play three simple chords on guitar while singing American folk songs.

• Tyndall Thunderbirds Play (Authored by Amanda Cannon.)

Description: Students design and perform games that allow for group discussion and participation.

• U.S. State Web Search (Authored by Charlene Stapleton.)

Description: This integrated lesson combines classroom curriculum with Internet use of online reference resources, so let's start surfing. (NETS for Students: 5.1)

• UFOS (Authored by Cathie London.)

Description: Watch out for flying objects! The lesson employs the construction and utilization of a catapult to understand that motion is determined by the effect of forces on an object.

• Uncle Bubba Is Dead! (Authored by Christine Thornton.)

Description: Given the scenario of being left an inheritance, students are told that they must spend all of that inheritance by purchasing a home and furnishing three of the rooms. All of their money, within \$100, must be spent on this home.

• United We Stand (Authored by Kelly Toomey.)

Description: Students participate in a simulation of the secession of the South during the Civil War and create a compare and contrast essay discussing the similarities and differences between every day life now and then.

• Units 'R Us (Authored by Lynda Penry.)

Description: Students make a foot-long & a yard measuring tool from one-inch grid paper and determine the fractional parts of a foot and yard. Students write a story problem using two linear units to demonstrate conversion of units.

• Unraveling the Puzzle of the Human Brain (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Unraveling the puzzle of the human brain carries the students on a journey to visit each of the lobes of the brain and the multiple intelligence housed there.

• Up, Up and Away with the Scientific Method (Authored by Cis Thurston.)

Description: Up, Up and Away with the Scientific Method introduces the scientific method to kick off the school year or as science fair time arrives. Help your students use the scientific method to design a way for a balloon to be suspended between the floor and ceiling.

• Using Statistics to Uncover More Evidence (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students use statistics to interpret data collected from a representative sample.

• Vacation Destination (Authored by Kelly Toomey.)

Description: Students use their research skills to collect and present information in persuasive speeches by acting as travel agents trying to persuade classmates to visit their states while on vacation.

• Valentine Money (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: During this is a four day activity, students learn how to read, write and identify money written as decimals as they spend and recieve change in a real-life situation.

• Verbs in the Past (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The activity addresses one part of this standard in which the students learn about the past tense form of many irregular verb forms. The children complete a worksheet activity in which they practice forming the past tense of irregular verb forms.

• Virtual Scavenger Hunt (Authored by Patty Turbeville.)

Description: This is an introductory lesson in which the students use the Internet to explore and find specific information about the Native American groups that were present in Florida during the 1500’s

• Vivid Adjectives (Authored by Kathy Gordon-Dick.)

Description: This lesson encourages students to use descriptive language in creative writing. The student writes a short story about one topic in which they use specific adjectives in a sequence to describe nouns.

• Voice Your Opinion! (Authored by Kim Forgione.)

Description: Students participate in small group discussions of a current event or topic.

• Wading Through the Water Cycle (Authored by Michelle Nivison.)

Description: Are you having trouble understanding the Water Cycle? This lesson will help you wade through the facts and vocabulary. You will soon be swimming with knowledge about the Water Cycle!

• Walking Poetry (Authored by Julia Balukin.)

Description: Walking poetry allows students to describe a journey while evoking emotion in the reader. Students gain experience in presenting their work to the class and by listening and responding to poetry.

• Watch Your Conductor Like a Hawk (Authored by Roberto Gonzalez-Trigo.)

Description: Stop students from burying their heads in the music and their eyes away from the conductor. This lesson uses a music sheet to isolate the musical elements of tempo, balance, and blend while having the students focus their eyes on the teacher.

• Water Bucket Relay (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: This lesson includes subtraction with more than one renaming.

• Water Conservation (Authored by Erin Cleveland.)

Description: After learning how water is wasted and can be saved, students make a commitment to change their habits in order to conserve water.

• Water Cycle - A SiteMaker Presentation (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Language Arts, Language Arts, Science (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: The student researches and writes a report on a specific element of the water cycle. The final draft of this report is published using SiteMaker, a Web page multimedia program available free from Beacon Learning Center.

• Water, Water, Everywhere (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Days 2 and 3 of the unit, Bedlam in Bedrock. Students explore the concept of change and associate it with changes in their lives, in nature, and eventually with changes in the Earth’s water cycle.

• We Are Having a Party! (Part I) (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students follow a problem-solving plan to answer a class question. They generate, collect, organize, display, and analyze data to find the range of responses. This analysis is used to predict and justify reasonable answers.

• We Are Having a Party! (Part II) (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: This activity is a four-station rotation model for exploring how to collect, display, and analyze data to make predictions and justify decisions in order to solve problems.

• We Thank You, Veteran! (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Students use information from videos, picture books, and relatives' military backgrounds to help write a short or extended message of gratitude on a greeting card for local veterans.

• Weather Watchers (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Weather Watchers establishes the class as meteorologists at work, collecting, graphing, and reporting school weather conditions to their younger kindergarten buddies.

• Web Wilderness (Authored by Virginia White.)

Description: Students compose 5 expository paragraphs by developing a theme including an introductory and concluding paragraph.

• Web Your Way Through the Food Chain (Authored by Karen Smith.)

Description: After completing this lesson, students have a better understanding of the role of producers and consumers in a food web, and how they receive energy from the food they eat.

• Welcome to My Neighborhood (Authored by Amanda Yates.)

Description: In this lesson, students review common phrases and vocabulary words in the target language (Spanish). The students construct pictures or neighborhoods, then label people and objects with the phrases and words (in Spanish).

• What a SHAPEly fit! (Authored by Jennifer Carter.)

Description: Students will explore polygons and their attributes during hands-on activities. Students will use this information to create quilt squares with geometrical shapes (circles, triangles, rectangles, squares). Students will create a classroom quilt by assembling the quilt squares.

• What a Waste! (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How does the body keep its cells clean? Through reading in the content area, study skills, and various activities, students learn about the kidney, bladder, and function of the excretory (urinary) system.

• What Are the Odds? (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: Using the novel JIM UGLY, by Sid Fleischman, students conduct an experiment to test prediction of whether the odds were in favor of or against Jake finding his dad.

• What Are You Looking For? (Authored by Kay Nichols.)

Description: Students open a time capsule containing objects connected to people and events in Florida history. Students search textbook and/or weblinks for information related to capsule objects in order to construct a timeline.

• What Did You Say? (Authored by Linda Kitner.)

Description: The students will become aware of the relationship between verbal and nonverbal communication through role play of specific situations. These situations include personal experience, excerpts from novels, and pictures from magazines.

• What Do I Write About? (Authored by Nancy Slack.)

Description: Can't think of anything to write? This fun activity is designed to give students a creative opportunity to use descriptive language and develop a topic for writing by brainstorming through art.

• What Do You See on Your Mind’s Screen? (Authored by Cathy McIntyre.)

Description: Did you know that the human mind is more creative than a television, movie or computer screen? Using the elements of art, students communicate ideas by creating unique pictures with sufficient manipulative skills after listening to or reading a poem.

• What Do You See? (Authored by Anne Hargrove.)

Description: Students write paragraphs describing similarities and differences after observing two sites on Web World Wonders.

• What Is My Family Name? (Authored by Tisa Craig.)

Description: Can you hear with your ears what you have seen performed? In this lesson students listen to selected solo instruments and place the instrument in its correct family of instruments. Students also identify from listening examples: orchestra, band, vocal solo, and choral performance.

• What Is the Attraction of the 1950s? (Authored by Irving Kohn.)

Description: The student selects ten important events that occurred during the 1950s and creates a timeline using HyperStudio or PowerPoint. The HyperStudio or PowerPoint presentation will be sequential and explain why each event was selected.

• What Is the Matter with Water? (Authored by Joanne Johnson.)

Description: How fast can you make an ice cube melt? After students observe water as a liquid, solid, and gas, they compete to see how fast they can make an ice cube melt.

• What Is the True Story of The Three Little Pigs? (Authored by Jolie Ducey.)

Description: This lesson is designed to assist students in recognizing how things are similar and different by comparing two stories. The students will use story details to make both parallels and distinctions between events that occur in both stories.

• What Should I Wear Today? Pilgrims Didn't Ask (Authored by Carolyn Mannis.)

Description: The students compare everyday dress of the Pilgrims in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620, to the dress of modern Americans today. They discover that clothing denoted more information about a person of that time period than it does today.

• What to Do with Leftovers (Authored by Monica Napier.)

Description: Students use unifix cubes to explore division with remainders to solve real world story problems.

• What Would Pink Say (Authored by Carla Tolone.)

Description: After listening to Patricia Polacco’s [Pink and Say] students create a Venn diagram of similarities and differences between the two main characters.

• What's a Word? (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: After hearing the story WILFRED GORDON MCDONALD PARTRIDGE by Mem Fox read by the teacher, students will brainstorm a list of memories and then write to a prompt given by the teacher. Writings will be scored according to a rubric.

• What's in a Main Idea? (Authored by Lola Kirkland.)

Description: Students learn to read and identify the main idea in articles by highlighting them.

• What's in a Name? (Authored by Jamie Poelker.)

Description: Students learn that writing poetry is not difficult and can even be fun. It can help them get to know someone better. Students learn that poetry is a different way of communicating their thoughts and feelings.

• What's My Nutrition Value? (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: Students learn the nutritional value of food and how to read labels on food packages.

• What's Next? (Authored by Tabitha Kosmas.)

Description: Students read short passages, predict what happens next, and tell what information in the passage led them to their predictions.

• What's the Big Idea? (Elementary School) (Authored by Kevin Hall.)

Description: Students identify the main idea of a paragraph and supporting details. Students compose paragraphs by providing detail sentences for a given topic.

• What's the Chance? (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: This lesson will provide students with a hands-on approach to learning the basic principles of probability and statistics. Students will conduct a probability experiment, record their results, and share their data with classmates.

• What's the Matter with that Cup? (Authored by Kelly Neal.)

Description: Which restaurant gives you more bang for your buck? Students measure volume, circumference, and height of fast food cups, find which one has the greatest volume, and compare/contrast those measurements to discover any correlations between them.

• What's the Mean? (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: What’s the Mean? Using concrete objects, the students will be able to identify the mean from numbers chosen by the students.

• What's the Problem? (Authored by Julie Thompson.)

Description: Students redefine the problem of Where's the Heart of Florida? and begin to formulate possible solutions using graphic organizers.

• What's the Purpose Anyway? (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: In this lesson students use real-life written material to learn to identify, explain and discuss an author's purpose for writing.

• What's the Reaction? (Authored by Lisa McElfresh.)

Description: This activity provides students with an opportunity to combine substances and compare their reactivity. The students find that observable changes take place in the color, behavior, or state of substances when a chemical change takes place.

• What's the Title? (Authored by Janice Jowers.)

Description: The students learn about the concept of main idea by completing a whole group activity with the teacher. They then use their knowledge to complete an assessment sheet in which they determine the main idea of several mini stories.

• What's Your Angle? (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: After reading the story [Magic Schoolbus Inside the Human Body] students form right, acute, and obtuse angles using the joints inside their bodies.

• What's Your Favorite Stuffed Animal? (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: The purpose of this lesson is to gather information in a survey and interpret the results using a tally chart, a table, and a bar graph.

• What's Your Point? (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Each student will use ordered pairs to graph a fish indigenous to Florida.

• Wheels and Rainbows (Authored by Lynne Locke.)

Description: Whirling in wheels or soaring in rainbows, colors used in art are highly organized! Learn how to use the color wheel system to bring excitement and meaning to your very own artwork!

• Where Are You Coming From? (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students use real-life examples to explore author’s purpose and the influence of an author’s perspective in his or her writing.

• Where in Our Solar System Are We? (Authored by Karen Cook.)

Description: Are you lost in space? See a class activity that demonstrates the relative positions of the planets in our solar system. Stop here for help to find your way home!

• Where in the World Are We? (Authored by Linda Kitner.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: The students will read a postcard and find the location on a map. They will use the picture and the text on the postcard to write about and tell about an imaginary vacation. They will compute mileage and compare it to Tripmaker data.

• Where In the World Are You? (Authored by Dolores Davis.)

Description: Students use maps and globes to locate, identify, compare and contrast selected physical features of maps. This lesson is an introductory lesson that covers bodies of water, major islands, mountains and continents.

• Where, Oh Where, Did The Manatee Go? (Authored by Diane Schmidt.)

Description: Students become researchers, looking for the factors that affect the manatee’s environment in south Florida.

• Which Way Am I Walking? (Authored by Ramon Pedraja.)

Description: Students learn the concept of inverses through a real-world example, then relate it specifically to multiplication and division.

• Who Am I? My Coat of Arms (Authored by Irving Kohn.)

Description: The students develop two Hyper Studio cards. One card depicts their coat of arms and the other card explains in a paragraph three reasons why they selected the pictures and/or symbols for their coat of arms.

• Who Are the Most Powerful 20th Century Women? (Authored by Francheska Jones.)

Description: This activity introduces the students to Internet reference materials. Students research an assigned 20th century woman, copy and paste the URL in an email, and send the email to the teacher. (NETS for Students: 1.2 and 5.1)

• Who Has the Power? (Authored by Missy Withers.)

Description: Students write persuasive letters expressing opinions about the purchase of 25 acres adjacent to Wakulla Springs proposed to include a convenience store/gas station. They submit the letter to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection via email.

• Who Is Who? What Do They Do? (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Who's Who? What Do They Do? Is a collection of student created rhymes that identify the names of representatives and executives in our government at the state level.

• Who is That Masked Man? (Authored by Kelly Toomey.)

Description: Students will review and apply their knowledge of narrative writing to write a four or five paragraph story relating what occurs in their classroom when a mystery person enters and removes an item of importance.

• Who Pays the Bill? (Authored by Laura Brown.)

Description: The students participate in a stock simulation in order to understand the concept of stock, dividend, stockholder, and capital.

• Who Wants to Be a Millionaire in the U.S.A.? (Authored by Janice Mazza.)

Description: Students learn facts and select information about other states by playing a form of -Who Wants to be a Millionaire?- where they create questions and gather information to answer questions by using a variety of reference sources.

• Who Wants To Be A Raindrop? (Authored by Cathie London.)

Description: Students play a game which will show them how the water cycle can be affected by temperature and land features.

• Who's the Frog Jumping Champion? (Authored by Bess Weber.)

Description: Who’s the Frog Jumping Champion in your class? Students construct a model of a simple machine (lever) to investigate the affect that applied force has on an object (plastic frog). This is a fun, hands-on, investigative activity that incorporates both science and math measurement skills in meeting state standards.

• Who? Who? Whoooooooo? (Authored by Marica Brady.)

Description: Is it poop? Is it a hairball? What is it? It’s an owl pellet! Share one of the most popular pieces of children’s literature, POPPY by Avi and conduct an owl pellet dissection, as students learn how animals interact with one another in an ecosystem.

• Whose Voice Do I Hear? (Authored by Kelly Toomey.)

Description: Students learn about the power of voice in writing by completing a story using words following a particular voice. They also utilize their knowledge of the parts of speech to complete this activity.

• Why Bother To Vote In Florida? (Authored by Gloria Davis.)

Description: This lesson provides opportunities for students to gain knowledge about the Florida 2000 Presidential Election, proposed changes in the process, and to practice communication skills, including listening and speaking.

• Why Celebrate Black History Month (Authored by Cynthia Dortch.)

Description: To utilize Internet resources for the immersion of students into Black History, they learn about the culture, heritage, family, church, and politics of the African-American and why we honor their accomplishments. Then they make class presentations

• Why Did You Write That ? (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: In this lesson, students use actual written media to learn to identify and discuss an author's purpose for writing.

• Why Thank You! (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Read aloud THANK YOU, MR. FALKER. Students hear examples of Idea and Voice. Class discusses the book’s different writing traits and the theme ideas. Students write a thank you note to their hero, as an at-home activity.

• Why the West Is Burning (Authored by Vicky Brioso.)

Description: Students use the Internet to access a passage and identify cause-and-effect relationships. This activity provides practice for the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT). ISTE 1, ISTE 3

• Wiggle, Peak, and Roll (Authored by Carolyn Garner.)

Description: This is the second lesson of the fourth day of the Unit Plan: What Makes Me Who I Am? In this lesson, students learn that characteristics are inherited.

• Wild World of Hurricanes (Authored by Antonio Fernandez.)

Description: Students learn about and orally share information about the wild world of hurricanes through the use of the Internet.

• Window of Words (Authored by Zerelda Hammer.)

Description: Given a picture of a window with four panes, students imagine that they are looking out (or in) a window and write about what they see using a variety of sentence structures.

• Winnie the Pooh Loves to Read, Too (Authored by Pamela Williams.)

Description: This activity provides a purpose for reading, writing, and technology. It also instills a sense of pride in the students as they create birthday cards for a reading project in the community called, "Happy Birthday, Baby!"

• Word is to Analogy as... (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students learn to correctly complete verbal analogies by playing a group game.

• Word Pairs (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: Fifth grade students will participate in a teacher-directed activity to practice the trait of word choice. Students will create a narrative writing with appropriate word choice.

• Word Processing with Pizzazz (Authored by John Hopkins.)

Description: Are your students getting the most out of word processing? This lesson gives students an opportunity to use a word processor and some of its tools to create an exciting and visual autobiography. (NETS for Students: 1.2)

• Words 'R Us (Authored by Alice Clark.)

Description: Words ‘R Us activity introduces students to the use of the thesaurus. The students seek additional vocabulary words to replace “starter” words.

• Words, Words, Words (Authored by Denise Simonson.)

Description: Students choose estimation strategies in real-world problem situations and explain the choice.

• Work Made Easy (Authored by Lisa Murphey.)

Description: Students perform investigations to determine the combinations of lever and fulcrum placement to lift a weight most easily. They then assume the role of an archeologist with the task of moving a large rock from a dig site.

• Would You Please? (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students realize the importance of word choice by writing a persuasive letter to two different people: one is a friend, and one is the principal.

Description: Everyone has surprises in their lives and loves to share about the event. Students brainstorm these events in their lives and then use their past experiences in a pre-writing activity.

• Write into Fantasy, Humor and Suspense (Authored by Donna Woods.)

Description: Students write a narrative on a given topic using suspense, humor, or fantasy.

• Write to Remember (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: After children read and collect information on women in history, your class has a TEA PARTY, with petit fours cakes and ice tea. Collecting research from selected books and the Internet, plus writing notes and oral reporting are lesson activities.

• Yo! Conventions! (Authored by Dianne Parks.)

Description: After reviewing the trait of conventions through a teacher directed activity, students perform their stories to show that to make their ideas clear, good use of conventions is a must.

• You Are the Expert (Authored by Nirsa Gautier.)

Description: Become a word expert by using reference resources to create a PowerPoint slide, draw and scan a picture into a PowerPoint slide and present the word to the class.

• You Can Play It (Authored by Roberto Gonzalez-Trigo.)

Description: Diversity! Do you want your students to be able to perform on different instruments and have fun doing so? This lesson will give young musicians the foundation needed to appreciate the wonderful rainbow of sonic timbres.

• You Have Nerve! (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How do you know when your nose itches or when you are hurt? Did you know that body parts communicate using the nervous system to send messages to and from our brain? Students learn about the nervous system as they participate in a variety of activities.

• You May Already Be a Winner! (Authored by Michele Thompson.)

Description: The students flip coins and play the “You May Already Be a Winner!” game to understand the probability concept.

• Yummy Adjectives (Authored by Samantha Michael.)

Description: This activity is a fun, tasty, and hands-on experience that allows students to recognize and brainstorm descriptive adjectives to use in their writing. The students work in pairs to take a taste and touch test and record their adjectives used to describe the food and knick-knacks on handout.

• Yummy Division (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)