Seminole Indians belong to the Creek
Confederation and moved into Florida in the
1700's. They spoke the Muskogee language.
Seminole, meaning "runaways", were a tribe
established from members of several different
tribes plus black slaves who had escaped their
In 1821, the U.S. Government bought Florida
from Spain for five million dollars and began
urging Indians to move west. A series of three
Seminole wars were fought between 1832 and
1858 between the Seminoles who loved their
land and the U.S. government who wanted this
land for settlement.
Osceola led the Seminoles until he was
tricked into discussing peace terms under a
flag of truce. General Thomas Jesup ordered
U.S. troops to seize and imprison Osceola. In
1838 Osceola died in prison. The wars ended
in 1858 when the Seminole agreed to move.
Many of the Seminole led by Osceola remained
hidden in the Everglades, refusing to resettle.
There was never a peace treaty signed and
the Seminole have always been an independent