## Beacon Lesson Plan Library

### Lesson Plans - Mathematics

• 1, 2, 3 Hooray for Number Equivalency! (Authored by Liz West.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use concrete materials, number symbols, and number words to represent equivalent amounts.

• 10 by 10 Tessellations (Authored by Susanna Vondeck.)

Description: The students will work cooperatively to create tessellation patterns by playing 10" by 10" Tessellations. They need to use critical thinking skills to decide if pattern block plane figures will tessellate and how each block will best fit into the pattern.

• 100s of Ants! (Authored by Desiree Senter.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: What does 100 look like? What is the best way for 100 Ants to move on? Students will have fun counting to 100 orally as they use grids to display the 100 raisins they counted.

• 101 Equals Five (Authored by Timothy Mark Dillehay.)

Description: Students enjoy this engaging activity (with a twist) on the binary system. The lesson begins with an intriguing roll playing to gain interest.

• 30 Days Hath September (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students learn the poem -Thirty Days Hath September- in preparing for learning about the number of days in the months and year. Once memorized, they practice using the calendar to count the number of days in different problems.

• 30-60-90 Right Triangles and Algebra (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson covers right triangle relationships of the 30-60-90 triangle.

• 50:50 Chances (Authored by Suzan Smith.)

Description: This is the fifth lesson in the unit, Where We Come From. Students reinforce the probability of gender by using a coin toss, as they continue to search for the answers to genetics questions by using mathematical expectations of probability.

• A Bar of Many Colors (Authored by Janet Greathouse.)

Description: Students use colored candies to collect data, construct double bar graphs, and find averages.

• A Bubble Full of Math (Authored by Rita Williams.)

Description: This is a fun way for students to compare estimated lengths with actual lengths.

• A Latin Square Deal (Authored by Cindy Beckham.)

Description: Students use four squares of geometric design to create a pattern.

• A Leaf, a Stem, a Root, Oh My! (Authored by Michele Ludick.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students identify parts of a plant using a graphic organizer.

• A Model Project (Authored by Cynthia Spear.)

Description: This activity is a concrete way to introduce students to equivalent forms of fractions and decimals. The student constructs models to represent a fraction or a decimal.

• A Penny for Abe (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: What do you know about Abraham Lincoln? Learn about his life, presidency, monument, and tribute to him through stories and poems. Students will also learn the attributes of a penny.

• A Penny for Your Thoughts (Elementary) (Authored by Barbara Brown.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Math (mentalor written, addition and division) and letter writing (narrativeor expository) are utilized in a real-world problem to assist other children.

• A Perpendicular Pilgrimage (Authored by Mason Clark.)

Description: Students examine the concept of perpendicularity both geometrically and algebraically. Students apply their knowledge by designing safe passage through a two-dimensional obstacle course using only perpendicular line segments.

• A Sweet Twist on Mean, Mode, and Range (Authored by M Dennis.)

Description: This lesson helps the student collect, organize, and analyze data to model concepts of mode, median, and range.

• A Trip to the Toy Store (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is the fifth lesson in the unit, Common Cents. This is a fun, entertaining lesson where students are given the opportunity to practice skills they have learned during the week about money and spend money saved on a toy of their choice.

• A Wall of Symmetrical Shapes (Authored by Barbara Johnson.)

Description: Students explore line(s) of symmetry in polygons during a hands-on activity and a Student Web Lesson. Information learned is used to build a wall of symmetrical shapes designed and drawn by students.

• ABAB Patterns PLEASE (Authored by Jamie Baeten.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity introduces the concept of ABAB patterns in a variety of fun ways. Using illustrations, unifix cubes, construction paper and even humans, students have opportunities to practice and demonstrate their understanding of patterns.

• ABC's Transformer (Authored by Sherri Hampton.)

Description: This activity allows students to design their own letter graph, and then produce the resulting graphs after a translation, reflection, and rotation.

• ABC’s of Ramona (Authored by Alicia Floyd.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students list words in alphabetical order according to initial and second letter. Various lists of words may be used for practice; however, initiate using proper nouns for assessment in capitalization.

• Action Counting to Ten (Authored by Patricia Hope.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Children kinesthetically learn numbers by using interactive verses that describe how to write numbers from 1 – 10.

• Adding and Subtracting Fractions (Authored by Yunling Zhang.)

Description: Students learn addition and subtraction of common fractions by incorporating the use of hands-on manipulatives and diagrams.

• Adding Jumping Lima Beans (Authored by Cynthia Santana.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity is for a first grade class. It allows the students to relate to a real world experience, as they count off with real lima beans at the beginning of the lesson. This lesson is completely hands on, as students use their own plastic lima beans to count and add. How do we add numbers? How do we know when we’re supposed to add? Students will be able to add and to recognize the symbol of operation. Note: This activity consists of using manipulatives for addition only.

• Addition Relay (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students will add two digit numbers by renaming ones.

• Age Is Relative (Authored by Lynda Penry.)

Description: Students calculate how old they are in three units: months, weeks, and days. Then, they write about how they solved the problems.

• Algebra Wizards (Authored by Jesica Goodman.)

Description: Hey! Are you an Algebra wizard? It is as easy as one, two, three to be the greatest wizard in all the land. So take out your magic wand and put on your magical thinking hats to see if you too know the magic equation to be an Algebra Wizard.

• All Fractions Are Created Equal (Authored by Dawn Dantowitz.)

Description: This lesson is introducing students to equivalent fractions using concrete materials.

• All I Want for Christmas (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students work in pairs to use real life interests to create a wish list from catalogues and sale ads based on a given budget. This lesson gives the students math practice in the areas of addition, subtraction, and estimation with money.

• Allowance Time (Authored by Janet Harrigan.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters to show different ways to reach the same three digit total. Students use coin values to record data and to apply knowledge.

• Almond Magi (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Almond Magi involves students in calculating the ingredients needed in a multiple recipe and testing their calculations prior to the cooking adventure.

• Aloha Symmetry (Authored by Tara Ply.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Inspired by the story "Luka's Quilt," second graders use scissors and contrasting paper to create a handcrafted paper Hawaiian quilt square demonstrating their understanding of the concept of symmetry across two lines of reflection. Students will use their quilt square as the means of communicating what they have learned through a graphic display.

• Altogether Now, The Five Senses (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Popping popcorn is a fun way to summarize the end of the five senses unit. It is easy to involve all the senses.

• Amazing Animals (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Amazing Animals gives students an opportunity to use their estimation skills as they compare amazing animal facts to their human world.

• An American Spy with Money To Spend (Authored by Joyce Honeychurch.)

Description: Teachers can teach across the curriculum as students use imagination, math, reading, computer, geography, and social studies skills in this unique, innovative, and fun lesson where students pretend to be international spies!

• An Odd Pair of Eyes (Authored by Dena Reid.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson creates an enthusiastic environment for learning about odd and even numbers through chants, actions, manipulatives, and drawings. Students are guaranteed to be all smiles by the end of the lesson.

• An UnCOMFORTable Situation (Authored by Barbara Johnson.)

Description: Students explore the relationship between the area of square units and their perimeters in a hands-on activity. Observations are recorded, and students begin to recognize that shapes with the same area can sometimes have different perimeters.

• And the Number Is (2nd Grade) (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students create their own Mystery Numbers by giving clues about the name, value, and multiples of the digits which comprise the number.

• And the Number Is (Kindergarten) (Authored by Nancy Bernath.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Through the use of music and the manipulation of numeral cards and counting objects, the children learn to read numerals 1-10.

• Angle Aerobics (Authored by Amy Gunn.)

Description: This lesson introduces students to names of angles. It provides an action activity and then a follow up worksheet to assess.

• Angles and Algebra (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson covers angle measure for triangles and complementary/supplementary angles.

• Ants in Your Pants (Authored by Diana Dome.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students investigate different ways numbers can be expressed as a sum and use a chart to record and analyze their findings. The use of children's literature, hands-on manipulatives, and the Internet are incorporated.

• Anyone for Lunch? (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: The student will use statistical methods to record and make inferences about real-world situations using graphs.

• Apple Eaters (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is an entertaining, cooperative learning lesson where students have the opportunity to taste a variety of apples and to graph which apple is the most favorite. Students practice their speaking skills by explaining the results of the group graph.

• Applemania (Authored by Debra Barbosa.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Lesson Description- Children will practice using the mathematical concepts of sorting, patterns, classifying, counting, and recording by participating in an authentic classroom survey and experiment.

• Are We Sure They Are Parallel? (Authored by Xiuqing Li.)

Description: This lesson is designed to explore the definition and properties of parallel lines.

• Are We the Same? (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students identify and make symmetrical figures.

• Are We There Yet? (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is the review lesson for the unit, Going to Grandma’s. Using the Formative Assessment Checklist and all completed summative assessments, the teacher reinforces skills and concepts using the activities from this lesson.

• Are You a Radical or Just a Square Root? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: The inverse of squaring is finding a “square root.” Square roots are found in many formulas used in many disciplines.

• Are You Coordinated? (Authored by Sissy Gandy.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students learn how to locate coordinate points on a grid. They create a graph during the lesson and identify the coordinate points.

• Area Adventure (Authored by Teri Grunden.)

Description: Students use manipulatives (paper squares, geoboards) to figure out the area and learn that area = length x width. Students learn how to solve real-world problems involving area.

• Arithmetic Artistry (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students will create a classroom quilt that illustrates the many unique ways that children use math skills.

• Arithmetic Sequence (Authored by Xiuqing Li.)

Description: Students will examine the concept of arithmetic sequence and learn to find the sum of arithmetic sequence.

• Around and Around We Go (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: A POLYGON is a closed figure formed by line segments. The PERIMETER of a polygon is the sum of the lengths of its sides.

• Around the World with Multiplication (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: This is a fun and exciting game that reviews the multiplication facts.

• Arranging Numbers from 1 to 5 (Authored by Tammy Hales.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The students are expected to explore arrangements of numbers up to 5 and explore conservation of numbers.

• As the Earth Turns (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Why do the sun and moon seem to disappear and reappear making day and night? This lesson demonstrates the rotation of the earth.

• At War With Multiplication (Authored by Shannon Safriet.)

Description: Many children may have played War with cards before, but this lesson adds a little twist. The children will be practicing their recall of the multiplication facts while playing cards!

• Bags of Numbers (Authored by Todd Hauser.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is a hands on activity designed to allow the child to use manipulatives to count orally with a one to one correspondence.

• Balanced Equations (Authored by Judy Fox.)

Description: If your students have a hard time understanding variables, this lesson is for you. It is wonderful for the visual student. In the lesson students will use weights and a balance scale to show how the sides of an equation are equal.

• Balanced Students (Authored by Albert Baggott.)

Description: Students use a hands-on activity to investigate the relationships between weights and the distance of the weights from the fulcrum in a balanced 1st class lever.

• Bargain Hunter (Authored by Kelly Allen.)

Description: Students will engage in a classroom shopping adventure to search for the best bargains.

• Bargain Town, USA (Authored by Rita Williams.)

Description: Designed to follow your instructions about converting number forms, this lesson is a real-world application of the relationship between fractions, decimals, and percents.

• Barge Building…What Floats Your Boat? (Authored by Glenn Rutland.)

Description: Using aluminum foil, pennies, and water, students build a barge that will float while holding the largest number of pennies. Students will learn problem solving, estimation, weight and balance, and the causes and effects of water displacement.

• Base It (Authored by Melanie Malone.)

Description: To expose students to number systems other than the decimal system and explain why we need to know these systems (binary: electronics and computers; octal and hexadecimal: flight test, computers)

• Bearly There (Authored by Judith McCormick.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity is a fun way to introduce measurement. After reading How Long Is A Foot? the students use nonstandard measuring devises to measure different items and place them in order from longest to shortest.

• Bears in a Box (Authored by Sharon Ussery.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students enjoy using counting bears to predict the missing addends. Using these concrete materials they are able to see and understand the concept of missing addends. An added plus is the students cannot wait to see how many bears are really hiding in the box.

• Bears Odd Bears Even (Authored by Karen Beck.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use counters and cubes to classify and model numbers as even or odd.

• Beary Good Problem Solvers (Authored by Dena Reid.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity is a “beary” fun way to practice adding and subtracting operations. Students act out problems using teddy bears, write and solve number sentences.

• Beat the Wheel (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: This lesson provides an opportunity for students to practice multiplication facts in a large group setting.

• Better than Average (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students use baseball cards to understand averages, decimals to thousandths, and the real-world use of math.

• Big, Bigger, Biggest (Authored by Melissa Lawley.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students demonstrate keyboarding skills to illustrate big, bigger, biggest and small, smaller, smallest in a transportation picture. (NETS for Students: 1.1 and 3.1)

• Birthday Blast (Authored by Amy Brown.)

Description: -Birthday Blast- will allow students to become familiar with their classmates birthdays as they gather information and interpret the results using a tally chart, a pictograph and a bar graph.

• Block Heads (Authored by Carolyn Francis.)

Description: Block Heads gives students the opportunity to work hands-on, using base ten blocks to model whole numbers through one thousand.

• Boarding of Symmetrical Shapes (Authored by Janet Greathouse.)

Description: The students use geoboards to model polygons and to practice finding lines of symmetry.

• Bountiful Butterflies (Authored by Alicia Floyd.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: After creating a symmetrical design resembling a butterfly, the students describe symmetry. Using their pictures students then write a story about the butterfly while focusing on creative ideas.

• Bowling Over the Order of Operations (Authored by Amelia McCurdy.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: After learning how to solve equations using the order of operations, students will use their skills to create equations that will -knock down bowling pins-.

• Bubbles Everywhere! (Authored by Annette Nixon.)

Description: The lesson is a fun way to practice measurement, and circle and sphere formulas. It can easily be adapted to fit any level of circle exploration.

• Buggy Patterns (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This literature-based lesson is the second lesson from the unit plan Patterns, Patterns Everywhere. Students learn to identify, create, predict, extend, and use patterns.

• Building Blueprints (Authored by Melissa Lawley.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students demonstrate the use of mouse skills to design and print a created blueprint of a building. (NETS for Students: 3.2)

• But That's Not FAIR! (Authored by Barbara Johnson.)

Description: Students solve problems using fractions through hands-on activities and appropriate literature.

• Button Bonanza (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is a small group activity in which students sort, classify, and write about how they sort buttons.

• Buttons R Us (Authored by Randy Bowne.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The students compare buttons by attributes. Using their data, the students create different types of graphs demonstrating what they have learned.

• Buying and Budgets (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How do you decide if you can afford to buy something new? Using a budget lets you know where your money is being spent as well as how much money you have left to spend. In this lesson, students use tables to solve budget problems. Addition and subtraction of decimals are used in the problem-solving process.

• C is for Cookie-A MEAN-ingful Graphing Activity (Authored by Michelle Gowan.)

Description: Students work in groups to dissect a variety of brands of chocolate chip cookies and calculate the mean for each brand. Students create their own bar graphs, pictographs, and line graphs to represent information

• Calculate the Answer (Authored by Katherine Sparks.)

Description: "Calculate the Answer" allows students to practice independently multiplication and/or addition skills. (This activity is appropriate for a learning center/station).

• Calculating Cats (Authored by Sharon Ussery.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Come along with the “Calculating Cats” and learn all about calculators and how to add and subtract whole numbers less than 1,000.

• Can I Put You in Your Place? (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students play a game that allows them to place number cards in an order to make the least three digit number possible using place value. Students compare these numbers with a partner to see who has the least three digit number.

• Can You See the Music? (Authored by Warren Bell.)

Description: The students learn the makeup of the electromagnetic spectrum and how the various forms of EMRs are similar and different from each other.

• Candy Fractions (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Candy Fractions is quite the treat for Fraction Fridays. Families donate bags of seasonal treats that the class estimates, counts, sorts on tree diagrams, names, and then graphs. Oh yeah, then they get to eat the treats!

• Cars on the Curve (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: Students predict which car will -win- and then play a car-race game to test their predictions. Their results are analyzed to recognize patterns of central tendency.

• Cars, Trucks and Things That Go Sorting Fun! (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is a small group activity in which students have fun sorting, classifying and writing about how they sort transportation vehicles.

• Cartesian Classroom (Authored by Annette Nixon.)

Description: The classroom is turned into a human Cartesian coordinate plane, thereby introducing students to the characteristics of the coordinate system.

• Cat's Meow One Through Ten (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Through the use of classroom activities, role-play and cooperative learning, students practice counting and reading numerals 1-10.

• Celebrate You (Authored by Beverly Stanley.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity reinforces the uniqueness of each student on his/her birthday. The students learn through a pictorial graphing activity about the months of the year. Students write about their special birthday traditions.

• Celsius Tells Temperature, Too (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is the sixth lesson in the Unit Weather Watchers. Students become aware that thermometer liquids expand or contract as temperature affects them. Concept of telling the temperature on a Celsius thermometer is introduced as students identify and record temperatures on Celsius thermometers through hands-on activities and games.

• Centimeter Slinkies (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This activity is a fun way to investigate measuring in centimeters. The student estimates & measures the length of a whole color-segmented, candy gummy worm. Then, as students bite off each segment, they estimate, measure and record findings in an activity log.

• Central Tendencies and Normal Distribution Curve (Authored by Dan Schmidt.)

Description: Students will be given data (class test scores) to determine central tendencies, and will find information needed to construct a normal distribution curve.

• Central Tendency (Authored by Carson Ealy, Jr..)

Description: This lesson provides students with activities to assist them in determining the mean, mode, and median of given data.

• Changing Twines: Exploring Area and Perimeter (Authored by Jessica McDonald.)

Description: In this fun, hands-on activity, students actively engage to determine the relationships between area and perimeter measurements! Students are challenged to discover, prove, and write mathematical conjectures.

• Cheerios Number Patterns (Authored by Jean Mozell.)

Description: This activity provides an opportunity for students to use Cheerios to describe, extend and create numerical patterns.

• Cheerios- Not Just for Breakfast Anymore (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

Description: In this lesson, students practice measurement of surface area and perimeter with estimation by completing activities using Cheerios breakfast cereal.

• Cheesy Math (Authored by Peggy Christian.)

Description: Entice students to investigate perimeter with one of their favorite foods. Students use a variety of methods to measure the perimeter of a piece of cheese, infer the change in perimeter before slicing it and recalculate the perimeter.

• Cherries are Positive, Lemons are Negative (Authored by Rita Williams.)

Description: Students discover the rules for adding integers. This lesson should be conducted after students have been introduced to the definition of an integer.

• Cherries are Positive, Lemons are Negative - Part 2 (Authored by Rita Williams.)

Description: Designed to follow Cherries are Positive, Lemons are Negative, this lesson has students discover the rules for subtracting integers.

• Cherries Still Positive, Lemons Still Negative (Authored by Rita Williams.)

Description: Designed to follow the lesson -Cherries are Positive, Lemons are Negative,- this is an introductory lesson on solving simple addition equations with positive and negative integers.

• Chessboard Challenge (Authored by Susanna Vondeck.)

Description: This lesson has been created for use with the book [The Kings's Chessboard] by David Birch. The students predict and extend the numerical pattern of twice the day before's total (multiplying by 2 or doubling). They search for other patterns within their calculations and state rules for the relationships. They also check for measurement accuracy in the book by weighing grains of rice.

• Chips Ahoy A Thousand Chips In Every Bag (Authored by Amelia McCurdy.)

Description: Nabisco claims to sell 1000 chocolate chips in every 1 pound bag of Chips Ahoy! Students use their problem solving skills and data collection to determine if the claim is true.

• Choosing a Summer Job (Authored by Dan Schmidt.)

Description: Given two summer job opportunities, the student must determine when each job will earn the same amount and what that amount will be. This will be done by solving systems of equations.

• Christmas Counting 1 - 25 (Authored by Karen Minks.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students count 25 M&M's in correct order.

• Chronic Conics (Authored by Steve Friedlander.)

Description: The students will use two activities to be able to draw four different conic sections. One of the activities is of a physical nature while the second activity is a more traditional pencil and paper activity.

• Circle Up Your M & Ms (Authored by Rhonda Bajalia.)

Description: Have you ever noticed that the colors of M & M's aren’t evenly distributed in each package? This is a fun way to show your students how to construct a circle graph using percentages based on the colors of 100 M & M's.

• Classifying and Constructing Corners (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students explore, classify, and define the various types of angles (acute, right, obtuse, and straight) that occur in the world around them. This lesson plan is the second lesson in a series on geometry.

• Clips, Cards, Rocks and Rulers (Authored by Lara Weeks.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students work in pairs to use standard and non-standard tools to measure classroom objects. Partners compare data and respond to a journal prompt that provides application to real-world situations.

• Close Your Math (Authored by Timothy Mark Dillehay.)

Description: Students complete a roll playing activity to build understanding of number concepts. Students use 'Algebraic Closure' throughout six operations to better comprehend and review basic number theory.

• Closing the Case (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students review the steps for data collection and how to prepare data displays using statistical information from a survey.

• Cloud Watchers (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is the third lesson in the second grade unit on weather called Weather Trackers. Students identify the main types of clouds and the type of weather they typically bring as far as rain is concerned. The concept of matter as a gas and liquid will be observed by a classroom experiment where “clouds” are produced using hot water and ice. Students do a group activity where they draw their special cloud formations and make a class graph.

• Coin Probability (Authored by Cary Cooley.)

Description: Students develop an understanding of probablility by tallying the coins they choose from different bags with different amounts of coins within them. They then predict the amount of coins within each bag according to their tallied results.

• Color Me Green if I Am a Five (Authored by Deborah Ford.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Are your students having a hard time understanding the concept of counting by fives? Here is a quick, sure fire way to get it across to them. Each student will have a hundreds chart and as you discover which numbers are said when counting by fives, the students will color the number and only the number with a green crayon.

• Color Me Red if I Am a Ten (Authored by Deborah Ford.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Are your students having a hard time understanding the concept of counting by tens? Here is a quick sure fire way to get it across to them. Each student will have a hundreds chart and as you discover which numbers are said when counting by tens, the students will color the number and only the number with red.

• Colorful Solutions (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Fractions? Who needs them? Students complete a coloring activity and practice where like fractions are actually used in real-life situations. Problem solving involves using fractions with common denominators utilizing Think, Solve, and Explain format.

• Common Sense Cookie Shop (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Children count and add money to “shop” for cookies. The lesson involves role-play, graphing results and cooperative learning.

• Community Canned Food Drive (Part 2) (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: During the fall holiday months, the class actively assists the local community in the annual collection of canned food for needy families. Students become involved in a graph-keeping adventure as they encourage the school to collect many canned foods.

• Comparing and Ordering Fractions (Authored by Brenda Lazarus.)

Description: Students are introduced to the comparison of fractions and the ordering of fractions.

• Complexity (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Student will perform mathematical operations on complex numbers

• Computing Costs (Authored by Robert Pauley.)

Description: Students are expected to calculate the out-of-pocket money needed to purchase a discounted item taxed at a certain percentage of sales tax.

• Confusing Colors! (Authored by Kevin Holland.)

Description: This is a neat data analysis project in which students collect data, graph their data, and then make predictions based upon their findings. The student’s interest is maintained by the interesting way the data is collected.

• Congruent and Similar Figures (Authored by Melissa Aldridge.)

Description: This learning activity introduces students to the concept of congruent and similar figures. The class will identify, classify, and describe the similarities and differences among these figures.

• Congruent Triangles Postulates (Authored by Timothy Mark Dillehay.)

Description: Students enjoy this engaging activity in discovering three lettered postulates that prove triangles congruent. Students have a great insight to the workings and reasoning behind ASA, SAS, SSS, and AAS.

• Converting Metric Measurements (Authored by Dale Peterson.)

Description: Converting metric measurements is an essential skill for science students. This lesson offers a formula for helping students learn the process.

• Cooking a Few of my Favorite Things (Authored by Joyce Sewell.)

Description: In this activity, students learn about the nutritional value of foods, calculate the measurements, and prepare a healthy recipe for the class. Then students publish a class cookbook with their recipes.

• Coordinate Crunch (Authored by Lee Strain.)

Description: Students will play a game using their knowledge of how to identify plots on a graph.

• Copy Me If You Can (Authored by Carolyn Rosier.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Learning to recognize symmetry in the environment is fun as children try to copy each other as they take turns creating a butterfly symmetrically decorated with colors and shapes.

• Count by Fives (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Counting by fives can be a challenge. This lesson gives students an opportunity to explore counting by fives in a variety of activities including using a hundreds chart and manipulatives.

• Counting by Fives for an Hour (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students learn that counting by fives will help them to tell time.

• Counting Creatures (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Counting Creatures gives students an opportunity to use the base three number system as they learn more about place value.

• Counting Down to Christmas Vacation (Authored by Jane Seevers.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students write numerals on a snowman and count off the days until Christmas vacation, using cotton balls to mark the days.

• Counting Money (Authored by Denise Simonson.)

Description: Students read, write, and identify different coin combinations and use this information in real-world situations.

• Counting to One Hundred (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Counting to one hundred is a major achievement for kindergarteners. In this lesson, students refine their oral counting skills using a hundreds chart and pennies as manipluatives.

• Crabby Mystery (Authored by Barbara Bloodworth.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity is a fun way to introduce nonstandard measuring to students. Students will measure the length of a molting hard shell crab and estimate if the new shell will be longer or shorter after molting.

• Crazy Putty Ratio (Authored by Georgia White.)

Description: Students mix various ratios of liquid starch and glue to make craxy Putty (their variation of Silly Putty) using knowledge of measurements and ratios. They chart their ratios, make observations, and write summary of activity.

• Create A Map! (Authored by Sherry McCullough.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students are independently and actively involved in creating their own school campus maps and they also review two- and three- dimensional shapes.

• Create Your Save And Rave Box (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Create Your Save And Rave Box engages students in creating a design from pattern block shapes that incorporates the principles of symmetry, congruency, and similarity, as well as flips, slides, and turns of some of the shapes used.

• Creating and Interpreting Graphs (Authored by Debra Davis.)

Description: Students use data collected at the beginning of the lesson, such as their favorite brand of sneakers or favorite soft drinks, to create graphs and to interpret the results shown by each graph. Note: This lesson assesses only the creation and interpretation of two types of graphs.

• Creating Circle Graphs using Excel (Authored by Mary Kay Bacallao.)

Description: Students evaluate data from a circle graph that compares time spent on various activities. They use the computer to manipulate their own data as they compare, examine, create and evaluate data using circle graphs.

• Creating Graphs from Tables (Authored by Rhonda Bray.)

Description: “I don’t care what other people think!” Or do you? Statistical data recorded in a table is interpreted and displayed in an appropriate graph format demonstrating how opinion polls and other types of data can be easily read and interpreted.

• Creating Tessellations (Authored by Diane Bates.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies, Visual Arts (Grade 6 - Grade 8)
Description: Explore the history of tessellations; then use art and geometry to create an original tessellation.

• Creative Cats (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use cat counters, pictures and numbers to solve joining problems.

• Critter Counting (Authored by Anne Hargrove.)

Description: In Critter Counting, students generate, collect, organize, display, and analyze data using a graphical presentation.

• Cruising Cars (Authored by Stephanie Martinez.)

Description: Middle school students love cars. They will have the opportunity to analyze, compare and contrast tables/charts, based on given car data. While working in groups students will generate a list of desired car features and create their own table/charts.

• Cube Combinations (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Cube Combinations gives students an opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge of place value as they create 5 digit numbers from the roll of five number cubes.

• Cubed Containers (Authored by Renee Black.)

Description: This lesson allows for cooperative groups to explore volume in relation to centimeter cubes and other nonstandard units of measurement using small containers.

• Cubes, Sums and a Little Fun (Authored by Liz West.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In this lesson,students work with partners to make and solve additon problems using number cubes and unifix cubes.

• Cuisenaire Chefs (Authored by Janet Greathouse.)

Description: Students become Cuisenaire Chefs as they mix and toss Cuisenaire rods to recreate recipes. This hands-on acivity gives students a chance to identify the value of fractions at an introductory level.

• Cut It Out (Authored by Tonja Fitzgerald.)

Description: Using a graphic model, students are asked to derive an original formula for calculating the area of an irregular figure. This lesson requires that students use critical thinking, visual perception, and mathematical computation.

• Cutting Up in Class, Fractal Style (Authored by Richard Angelini Sr..)

Description: A simple to make, hands-on manipulative, three dimensional, model of fractions, mirror images, tiling, fractals, tessellations, multiplying fractions, dividing fractions, and exponents; created from a single sheet of paper.

• Cylinder Surface Discovery (Authored by Carol Spice.)

Description: Help your students understand the surface area of a cylinder with this simple lesson where students create their own cylinders.

• Data Daze (Authored by Ann Campbell.)

Description: This is a short introductory activity to teach students how to read and analyze data from bar graphs, pictographs, and stem-and-leaf plots.

• Dealing with Data (Authored by Ann Hanson.)

Description: Students collect, organize, and display data using a bar graph, line graph, pie graph, or picture graph.

• Decimals Make Cents (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Look out real world, here we come! Due to new jobs, pay increases, taxes, money in the bank, and opportunities to spend, spend, spend, students learn there is no way to avoid working with decimals in making life -centsable!-

• Designing Detectives (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students explore the idea of formulating a hypothesis and designing an experiment to test the hypothesis. This is an introduction to the Unit Plan: Statistical Sleuths.

• Determing Angle Measure with Parallel Lines (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson discusses parallel lines, transversals, corresponding angles, alternate interior angles, alternate exterior angles and consecutive angles.

• Determining Mercantile Volume of a Pine Tree (Authored by Lois Walsh.)

Description: Students determine timber volumes as sawtimber or pulpwood like a forester would for market purposes.

• Diagonal Lengths (Authored by M Dennis.)

Description: Students collect, organize, and analyze data while studying the Pythagorean Theorem. They measure the length and width of several rectangular objects and compare the measured results to the calculated results

• Dice Games - How to WIN! (Authored by Wesley Underwood.)

Description: This activity is a fun way to teach Data Analysis and Numerical Occurrence. The student works with a partner to play a game. Each player gets twelve counters to be placed on the numbers on the game board. The players take turns rolling two dice. On each roll the sum of the two upturned numbers is determined. If the player has a counter on that number the student may remove the counter from the game board. Play continues until one of the players removes all twelve counters from the board.

• Different Dimensions (Authored by Kim Adair.)

Description: The students will utilize graph paper or dot paper to draw all views of a 3 dimensional object in 2 dimensional form. Then partners will work from the 2d drawing to create the actual 3d structure.

• Dinosaur Patterns (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students will use dinosaur counters to identify, copy, create and extend a pattern that is repeated at least three times.

• Dinosaurs Dancing Counting (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The student counts objects in a group to find out how many.

• Distance over Time (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: What is velocity and how is it determined? In this lesson plan, students are actively involved in experiments to measure and calculate the magnitude of speed, known as velocity using algebraic terms.

• Divisibility Buzz (Authored by Cindy Beckham.)

Description: Students use the divisibility rule for three to compete in the game Divisibility Buzz. This lesson provides enjoyable reinforcement.

• Divisions of Generosity (Authored by Amy Hayes.)

Description: This lesson uses THE DOORBELL RANG, by Pat Hutchins to teach the concepts of generosity and fairness. Students apply the concept of generosity and fairness to a lesson on division.

• Do Objects Vary Very Much? (Authored by John Fowler.)

Description: This activity is a fun way to introduce standard deviation (SD). Students measure the SD of colors in a collection of objects (e.g. candy)

• Do You Have the Money? (Authored by Maria Ramdas.)

Description: Using a combination of coins and currency, the students will work in groups and use a menu to estimate if they have enough money to purchase a meal.

• Do You Have the Time? (Authored by Reshecia McNeil.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Do You Have the Time? enables students to learn how to tell time using digital and analog clocks to the hour and half-hour.

• Do You See What I See? (Authored by Shelia Scofield.)

Description: Students develop an awareness that a person's perspective affects what they think they see and what they really see.

• Doctor, Doctor, Give Me the News, I’ve Got a Bad Case of Loving Math (Authored by Becca Childress.)

Description: Tired of hearing, “When are we ever going to use this again?” Students will use their knowledge of graphing inequalities to solve this real world problem. Students will have to figure how many doctors and nurses can be hired within budget and building constraints

• Does It Match? (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: This lesson allows students to identify lines of symmetry of given figures such as shapes, letters, and objects.

• Does One Tree a Forest Make? (Authored by Linda Kitner.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: Students take a walk around the schoolyard looking at and identifying the trees. One leaf for each tree is collected. A chart is developed that represents the population of trees on the schoolground.

• Does the Decimal Point Really Make a Difference? (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: What’s the problem with cheeseburgers advertised for .99 cents each or colas for .89 cents each? Students study the decimal dilemma and discover major math mistakes in the real world.

• Does Your Rectangle Have Guts? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: A rectangle is the shape of a piece of notebook paper. The area is the space inside the rectangle, and it is measured in square units.

• Doing Battle with Radical Equations (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Equations containing radicals with variables in the radicand are called radical equations. To solve such equations, first isolate the radical on one side of the equation and then square each side of the equation to eliminate the radical.

• Don't Eat the Crayons: Real-Life Multiplication (Authored by Susan Vinson.)

Description: Students use items which come in sets to look for real-life multiples and write multiplication problems. For example: a box of 24 crayons has 3 rows of 8 crayons, so the problem written would be 3 x 8 = 24. A candy bar: 2 rows of 4 segments (2 x 4 =8).

• Don't Open That Door! (Authored by Tammy Hales.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students act out the story THE DOORBELL RANG by Pat Hutchins in a small group setting to learn about parts of a whole.

• Dot Two Dot (Authored by Linda Joyner.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students compare two numbers at a given time. The students then make an educated decision as to which number is larger, which number is smaller, or if the numbers are equal by putting the correct number of dots by each number.

• Double This (Authored by Mary Myers.)

Description: Does doubled mean to multiply? Does quotient mean subtraction or division? This activity will provide students practice in changing verbal expression to algebraic equations.

• Down by the Bay (Authored by Martha Cordell.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students will engage in a predicting and counting activity through simulated fishing as a way to identify the bluefish of St. Andrew Bay.

• Dragon Math (Authored by Carol Weyrich.)

Description: This activity allows students to master multiplication facts in a fun and competitive manner.

• Draw to Scale the E-Z Way (Authored by Stuart Brannon.)

Description: In this lesson, students draw a rough floor plan of a house to scale without using a ruler to determine measurements.

• Drawing Bugs Game (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: Students explore probability by predicting the likelihood of rolling any one number on a fair die, graphing data, and analyzing the results of playing a drawing game.

• Drawing Straws (Authored by Timothy Mark Dillehay.)

Description: Students enjoy this engaging activity by investigating possible lengths to sides of a triangle. Students discover the Triangle Inequality Theorem through hands-on activities with straws.

• Dream House (Authored by Amy Gunn.)

Description: This lesson should be used as a culmination to a unit on perimeter and area. . Students use scale drawings to solve real world problems problems involving perimeter and area.

• Dynamic Divisibility (Authored by Tina Davis.)

Description: Students learn the rules of divisibility for the numbers 2,3,5,6,9 and 10. Students use these rules to check large numbers for their divisibility.

• Dynamite Data (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: The students will collect and organize data for tally charts, tables, and pie graphs.

• Dynamite Dimes (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is a fun and entertaining lesson on dimes called Dynamite Dimes. Students have the opportunity to explore dimes in a game format. Students learn through teacher instruction, hands-on experiences, group activities and games. (This is the second lesson in the unit, Common Cents).

• Easy Estimating (Authored by Debbie Funkhouser.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: -Easy Estimating- introduces children to the fun of estimating and graphing while incorporating the concepts of less, more and equal.

• Efficiency Means Getting More for Less (Authored by Richard Angelini Sr..)

Description: Here is a simple experiment. It costs little, the materials will last for 100 years, and it is safe. It is a study of efficiency in nature. Water is measured and predictions are made.

• Egg Carton Math (Authored by Gina Widener.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students are asked to recognize numbers 1-10 from a flash card held by the teacher and put the amount of beans in an egg cartoon that corresponds to the number the teacher holds up.

• Egg It (Authored by Pamela Williams.)

Description: Students show understanding of the relationship of multiplication and addition by writing multiplication number sentences.

• Egyptian Numeration Pyramid (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Students construct a 3-D pyramid and decorate it with Egyptian numbers and their equivalent in our numerical system.

• Eight Eighths Make a Roll (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Using a bag of individual rolls of Sprees, the students learn about fractions making up a whole. They also make a bar and a circle graph using the results of their Spree rolls.

• Eight Stars in the Night Sky (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Can you count eight stars in the night sky? This eighth lesson from the unit, Sky High Counting continues students’ exploration of the day and night skies. A page for the number 8 is added to students’ counting books.

• Environmental Mathematics (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: The students will explore what food sources are needed to survive in the wild. Then the students will plot on a graph the best food sources for their environments and the survivability rate for each member of their group.

• Enzymatic Action (Authored by Jacqueline Roberts.)

Description: Enzymes are specialized proteins that regulate chemical activity in the body without themselves being altered in the reaction. In this lab, students observe how a cell uses an enzyme to rid itself of a poisonous substance.

• Escape Velocity (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: The ability to use and compute roots is often a necessary tool in physics. For example, square roots are used to compute the minimum velocity a spacecraft must have to escape the gravitational force of a planet.

• Escape! Survival of the Fittest Grasshopper (Authored by Lois Walsh.)

Description: Lab Activity: Student teams design a paperclip grasshopper and measure its ability to survive a prey by either jumping high, far, or with a distracting behavior. Students relate the ability to survive to the changing attack of predators. (NETS for Students: 3.1)

• Estimate a Dinner Plate (Authored by Barbara Johnson.)

Description: Students work with a partner to solve the real-world problem of planning a favorite meal given a specific budget. Estimation strategies are reviewed and practiced to help students determine the reasonableness of calculations in a given situation.

• Estimation in a Jar (Authored by Amanda Ellis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Fill a jar with goodies and guess what happens! Use some of your favorite teacher “stuff” for students to use to estimate, group, count, and journal.

• Even and Odd Numbers (Authored by Martha Cordell.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: First graders use patterns in order to identify and recognize even and odd numbers.

• Every Vote Counts (Authored by Brenda Heath.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Grade 9 - Grade 12)
Description: This is a multi-phase activity designed to increase student awareness and participation in the voting process.

• Everything You Wanted to Know About Symmetry (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: This lesson introduces and reinforces the concept of symmetry.

• Examining Estimation (Authored by Denise Simonson.)

Description: Students participate in various activities which help them understand and explain the difference between an estimate and an exact amount.

• EXCEL It! (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Let’s go surfing! Students surf the Web gathering information about graphs. The data collected and analyzed in The Math Poet activity is now incorporated into a spreadsheet and graphs of varying nature generated to further enhance student understanding. (NETS for Students: 5.1 and 5.2)

• Exercise Those Statistics! (Authored by Kevin Holland.)

Description: This activity is designed to reinforce the statistical concepts of mean, median, mode, and histograms. Students collect data by measuring their pulse rates through different activities.

• Explore Three-Dimensional Shapes (Authored by Sherry McCullough.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students are “Shapes” for the day, They are assigned to a shape group and will be exploring three-dimensional shapes. They are continuing to review map skills and two-dimensional shapes while being involved in fun and enriching activities.

• Exploring Area/Perimeter Through Coordinate Geometry (Authored by Joseph Furner PhD.)

Description: Students learn about area and perimeter through coordinate geometry. The use of children's literature, hands-on manipulatives, and the Internet will be incorporated.

• Face the Facts to Remember (Authored by Sissy Gandy.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use manipulatives, drawings, and story problems to learn the two's multiplication tables. After learning how to find answers,they participate in a memory game to match facts and answers.

• Fact Family Connection (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: Students explore the relationship of multiplication and division using arrays.

• Fahrenheit Follies (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is the fifth lesson in the unit, Weather Trackers. This is a fun and entertaining lesson on temperature. Students learn about temperature using hands-on activities and games.

• Family at Home (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Students write a family of multiplication and division facts on a piece of paper cut in the shape of a house.

• Family Cookbook (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Family Cookbook is a published collection of recipes emphasizing number names and ingredients in a picture book format.

• Fancy Names (Authored by Christine Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: After learning about closed and open figures, students will explore their own names to see if they contain closed figures.

• Fantastic Fraction Fudge (Authored by Amelia McCurdy.)

Description: Students sequence a recipe and convert the ingredients into various fractional portions

• Fantastic Fractions (Authored by Sharon Ussery.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Do you have only a fraction of time to teach fractions? Well, here is the lesson for you! Fantastic Fractions teaches students the difference between 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4. Students will use their imagination and pictures from magazines.

• Far Out Fact Families (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: The student explores related multiplication and division facts.

• Farmer 's Barnyard Animals Hungry for Greater Than (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students will compare numbers to the thousands place using < and >. Teacher can dress the part of a farmer for a motivational way to teach this concept. Less than and greater than signs will be turned into hungry barnyard animals.

• Favorite Survey (Authored by Jennifer Sansone-Berbert.)

Description: This activity is a fun and interactive way for students to collect and organize data for charts and bar graphs by questioning their classmates.

• Figuratively Speaking (Authored by Faith Daigle.)

Description: Students construct and use vocabulary flipbooks to draw and describe three-dimensional figures.

• Figure This (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: In this activity, students identify congruent figures and match shapes using transformation.

• Finding the Acceleration Due to Gravity (Authored by Phil Lee.)

Description: This is a laboratory exercise which is used to calculate the acceleration due to gravity.

• Finding the Measure of Segments (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson uses the betweenness property, segment addition property, and distance formula to determine segment lengths.

• Finding Your Stride Length (Authored by Kevin Holland.)

Description: This is an estimation project designed to allow students to find the length of their strides. Using this knowledge, students measure the length of a hallway or find out how many people can fit in the school stadium or gym!

• Fish Count (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students participate in hands-on activities in which they count and match objects to 10 or more using one-to-one correspondence and make a record of objects counted, which will be kept in a math portfolio.

• Fish Eyes Sort (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is a small group instructional lesson in which students sort, classify and write about what characteristics they used to sort fish counters.

• Fishing for Fun (Authored by Juanita Looper.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students categorize fish crackers into groups by color then compare the 2 groups using the symbols <, =, and >.

• Fishing for Tens (Authored by Beth Malone.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students discover how to make ten while engaged in a card game that encourages mathematical thinking.

• Five Fingers for Eating Lunch (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Where in the sky is the sun while you are eating lunch? This fifth lesson from the unit, Sky High Counting, engages students in literature as they learn about the sun. Students continue their counting books adding a page for the number 5.

• Five Little Monkeys (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The students act out subtraction situations.

• Flavorful Graphing (Authored by Jennifer Gompers.)

Description: This activity is a fun extension to collecting, graphing, and analyzing data. Students work for a fictional advertising company and are looking to find what customers will like in new products.

• Fleece, Feathers, and Fur (Authored by Ann Espersen.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The slide-show presentation and colorful website pictures in this lesson will captivate students’ attention. This is a great way to expand interests and vocabulary while teaching prediction and categorizing using the book [Is Your Mama a LLama]?

• Flight Fair (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: The teacher seizes the teachable moment to announce The Flight Fair, an opportunity for the students to conduct their personal investigations into paper airplane flight.

• Flips, Slides, and Turns (Authored by Renee Duncan.)

Description: This activity is a hands-on way for students to practice manipulating and drawing shapes to demonstrate the concept of flips, slides and turns. This lesson is especially beneficial to tactile and visual learners.

• Flowers and Rocks (Authored by Timothy Mark Dillehay.)

Description: Students enjoy this engaging activity by investigating the relationship between area and perimeter while creating and pricing a flower bed for their school name. Students calculate the perimeter and area of block letters, in order to compete in a ‘Perimeter Area Bingo’ game.

• Flying With Mathematics! (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: Students fly miniature airplanes to discover characteristics related to velocity and average speed. After measuring the time and distance, the students calculate the speed and average velocity.

• Folded Fractions (Authored by Liz West.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use various geometric shapes to represent fractional parts.

• Follow That Graph (Authored by Debbie Lloyd.)

Description: Help your students to follow that graph with ease. In this lesson, students investigate, analyze, and discuss the effects of parameter changes on a trigonometric function using a graphing calculator.

• Follow the Pattern (Authored by Rita Williams.)

Description: Students recognize patterns & relationships and use them predict outcomes in real-world situations. (This lesson should be conducted after students have been introduced to patterns.)

• Four Animal Legs at Sunset (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Did you know that the sun is a star? This fourth lesson of the unit, Sky High Counting, engages students in counting and literature as they learn about the sun. Students continue their counting books adding a page for the number 4.

• Fraction Action (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students create fractions using strips of paper and then compare the fractions.

• Fraction and Decimal Garden (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students write fractions and decimals using unifix cube models and grid paper. They draw a garden using grid paper and label each section with the correct fraction and decimal to the tenths.

• Fraction and Decimal Ordering (Authored by Lois Christensen.)

Description: Students learn to order numbers in fraction and decimal form, in a critical thinking and kinesthetic fashion.

• Fraction Card Shark (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: The student will understand the relative size of fractions using symbolic and concrete representations.

• Fraction Feast! (Authored by Anne Roundtree.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson introduces the concept of fractions to kindergarten students.

• Fraction Food Frenzy (Middle School) (Authored by Amy Gunn.)

Description: This lesson is an introductory lesson for adding fractions with like denominators. It allows for illustrations and simple problem solving.

• Fraction Frenzy (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: The student will identify fractions as part of a set.

• Fraction Fun (Authored by Brenda Lazarus.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In this lesson students learn to identify common fractions. Students should already be familiar with the terms numerator and denominator.

• Fraction Pictures (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students use pictures in their math lesson. They become numerical problem solvers as they create fractions from pictures, then write them into sentences.

• Fraction Popsicle Pop-ups (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students decorate and use popsicle sticks to use as manipulatives to assist with their learning of fractions.

• Fractions and Equivalents (Authored by Jeannel Lopez.)

Description: The students uses Lego blocks, drawing paper, and visual aids to understand the meaning of fractions and the concept of equivalent proportions.

• Fractions in Clay (Authored by Rose Keasey.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Engage students in clay-play with a purpose. Students use modeling clay to represent fractions. They create sets of objects as directed by task cards.

• Framed (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: This lesson allows students to experiment with and calculate perimeter and area of given shapes.

• Franklin Roosevelt and the Dime (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: How many terms can a president serve? Franklin Delano Roosevelt served four terms. Learn about his life, presidency, monument, and tributes to him through stories and poems. Students will also learn the attributes of a dime.

• Fun with Fractions (Authored by Michelle Nivison.)

Description: Do you have Fractionitis? This lesson plan will help you overcome this condition! Using fraction bars, you will learn to add fractions. You will soon be a Fraction Expert!

• Fun With Symmetry (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students will have fun munipulating shapes to discover their multiple lines of symmetry. This activity helps students to see the lines of symmetry through colors. It gives students the ability to manipulate shapes to make their own lines of symmetry.

• Game Day Graphing (Authored by Kevin Hall.)

Description: Students produce data tables and bar graphs from given sets of information and then analyze and explain the data displays.

• Gator Pie, Anyone? (Authored by Mary Williams.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity introduces children to fractions in an active manner. The students listen to a story, manipulate flannel board figures, and cut soft cookies and paper plates into equal parts.

• Gearing Up (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: In mathematics, a ratio is a comparison of two numbers by division. A gear ratio can be expressed as a ratio to solve real-world problems.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 1, Lesson 1: Gee Quiz! (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Geo George, the geometric puppet, introduces the unit to students. The children are drawn into a conversation with George to check for prior knowledge about shapes. Once relaxed and warmed-up, the class participates in taking the diagnostic assessment.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 1, Lesson 2: Math Mouth! (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Ready for the challenge, Geo George has a wonderful game for teaching children the difficult and unusual mathematically correct vocabulary words encountered on the diagnostic assessment. The game develops student understanding of these difficult terms.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 1, Lesson 3: Math Moments on My Mind (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students begin a Math Moments journal in which they freely write about the day’s math immersion, recording personal thoughts about what they learned, something they are wondering about, a response to a lead question, and/or a letter to Geo George.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 2, Lesson 4: Sing a Song of Shapes (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students learn five songs to define and develop understanding of the attributes of two- and three-dimensional figures and the meaning of mathematical terms. Through use of the attribute songs, students classify objects as either two- or three-dimensional.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 2, Lesson 5: Eeny, Meeny, Miney, Mo (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Working in groups of four, students utilize song lyrics, past knowledge, correct mathematical language, and speaking skills, to name, categorize, and describe various two- and three-dimensional shapes and objects.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 2, Lesson 6: Rhyme and Reason (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Practicing purposeful listening during this Shared Reading component, students experience mathematical language as it is enjoyed in the rhyme and reason of poetry.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 2, Lesson 7: Roll, Roll, Unroll the Scroll (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Entry in the Math Moments journal begins with student reflections on the day, recording personal thoughts about what they learned and/or something they are wondering about. Response to a higher-order thinking question rounds out the writing experience.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 3, Lesson 10: Patterned Poetry (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Through comparing and contrasting related two- and three-dimensional shapes, students complete a Venn diagram illustrating the attributes of each. Using a poem pattern from another lesson, students use data from the diagram to write an attribute poem.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 3, Lesson 11: Poly Doodles All Day (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students explore geometric vocabulary through creation of shapes on a geoboard. Oral presentation of design attributes, transfer of design, and color-coding components mix to create a fun and exciting lesson that stretches student thinking.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 3, Lesson 8: Copy Cat (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students are taught the technology skills of copy and paste as geometric language is introduced. Skills are developed and used to create a computer-generated page defining attributes of two- and three-dimensional shapes using the new vocabulary.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 3, Lesson 9: Attribute Attitude (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This Shared Reading lesson has students participating in vocabulary building through the reading of and interaction with poetry. Each poem presents the attributes of two- and three-dimensional figures.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 4, Lesson 12: Geo Gee-Hawin' (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In order to review unit content, with specific focus on geometric vocabulary students are expected to understand and use effectively, Geo George plays a Math Mouth word game with the class giving them an opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge with geoboards.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 4, Lesson 13: Where, Oh Where, Can the Geo Be? (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Listening for geometric shapes occurring in the natural environment as presented in a student-generated story, students identify each natural object and correctly label it as the geometric shape that it is according to its attributes.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 4, Lesson 14: Give It a Whirl (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Exploration of rotating 3-D shapes at varied speeds has students discovering, discussing, and questioning. Personal reflections move students to a hands-on activity that has them transition a two-dimensional square into a three-dimensional pinwheel.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 4, Lesson 15: Geo Jingo Jivin' (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In this writing lesson, students investigate musical instruments of varying geometric shapes that correspond with the three-dimensional shapes studied, and write shape pattern tunes, which will be read and played by students on the geometric instruments.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 5, Lesson 16: Capturing "Lions" of Poetry (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students take to the Author's Chair and share poems written at home for the Capturing “Lions” of Poetry Literacy Link parent page. The class listens with purpose for the correct attributes of the shape for which each poem was written, as well as for quality speaking traits.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 5, Lesson 17: Geo Sakes Alive! (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Pleased with students’ knowledge of two- and three-dimensional attributes, Geo George gives students the opportunity to utilize mathematical language. The challenge is to create a geo puppet by following directions given geometrically.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 5, Lesson 18: By George! (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Taking on the identity of their geometric puppet, students write a script. The script describes the attributes the puppet had as a two-dimensional square and the attributes it has now as a three-dimensional character.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 6, Lesson 20: Hail, Hail, the Gang's All Here (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Geo George leads students and friends through a review of all targeted standards. Children don their puppets and join their character in chorus, conversation, and choral correspondence.

• Geo Jammin' - Day 7, Lesson 21: Dear George (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In their journals, students write a letter to Geo George reflecting on the unit, activities, and things they learned. Included will be their favorite part of the unit, the hardest part for them, what they learned, and their thoughts on their performance.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 1, Lesson 1: Math in Motion (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Swirling, rotating, changing, sliding. . . stimulate interest with shapes in motion to prepare students for entry into the world of geometric design. Analysis and synthesis questions are served as the appetizer before the diagnostic assessment is given.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 1, Lesson 2: Dancing Duo (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Teacher and students are a dynamic duo who search a geometry Website to identify geometric vocabulary words, record them on a Quilt Word Wall, and dance them out together. Words are displayed to take on characteristics of different design patterns.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 1, Lesson 3: Moo-vin (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Put the meaning of newly introduced vocabulary to the tune of “Hokey Pokey” and children develop an understanding through music and dance. Lyrics are read as a whole group and become a Guided Reading experience where more geometric vocabulary is discovered within.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 1, Lesson 4: Transformation Station (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students predict the outcome of the slide, flip, and turn of a triangle by transforming their thoughts and ideas into informational text. The recorded text is tested for accuracy and through peer feedback is written to perfection.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 1, Lesson 5: Do You Hear What I Hear? (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Following directions given in poetry fashion, students apply newly learned geometric vocabulary to successfully create an animal. Reading informational text for key words and specific purpose and comprehension of geometric terms is the focus.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 1, Lesson 6: Quilt Story (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Through literature, discussion, and response to critical thinking questions, students recognize the use of geometric components in quilts, and that quilts are an artistic form that reflect the cultural heritage of the people who design them.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 2, Lesson 11: A Stitch in Time (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Through reading personal size booklets, class discussion, and viewing of historical quilts, students are enlightened to the culturally artistic value of quilts, the importance of trade in meeting basic needs, and the conservation of natural resources.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 2, Lesson 7: Start At Square One (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Using manipulatives, students explore new shape possibilities by combining two and four triangles. A critical thinking approach is used to guide students’ predictions and discoveries with design.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 2, Lesson 8: Can You Please Give Me Directions? (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Guided reading strategies are utilized to teach students how to effectively read informational text. Challenged to cut a tangram, students read how-to directions and demonstrate their understanding of geometric terms to complete the task successfully.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 2, Lesson 9: Bringing It To A Fine Gloss-ary (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students demonstrate their understanding of geometric vocabulary and informational text by working independently to create their own glossary of terms. Investigative exploration with tangrams creates an arena for critical thinking and problem solving.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 3, Lesson 12: Jammin (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Utilizing learning aides, students are guided through a fast-paced review of vocabulary, language arts, geometry, and social studies concepts. Participation in choral reading, performance, and sharing of ideas are the means of concept clarification.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 3, Lesson 13: Reflections (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students write predictions for new word meanings. Through small group and classroom discussions, students forge their way to developing an understanding of the line of symmetry, and gear up for an exploration of symmetry.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 3, Lesson 14: Mirror, Mirror on the Wall (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Led in exploration by accepting statements and probing questions, students work in small groups with mirrors to discover and identify the characteristics of symmetry, with the intent to write a description of symmetry and to locate the line of symmetry.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 3, Lesson 15: The Quiltmaker's Gift (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Using observation skills, students develop an eye for symmetry through literature. Class discussion is the arena whereby students hone in on the correct use of content language to enhance understanding and conceptualization of targeted concepts.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 3, Lesson 16: The ABC of Symmetry (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Steps for an art project are used for guided reading. The activity develops a deeper understanding of how to read informational text, symmetry as it pertains to all elements of design, and art as part of history that reflects aspects of daily life.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 3, Lesson 17: Granny's Attic (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Take a computer trip through Granny’s attic to see what old quilts can be found. Examine original quilt designs as displayed on large screen monitor. Then use children’s literature and class discussion to develop the social studies connection.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 3, Lesson 18: Coordinated! (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: A sequence of drawings performed by the teacher, leads students to make associations with the object being drawn and geometry content learned in prior lessons. Through questioning students unlock Quadrant 1 of a coordinate plane and new vocabulary words.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 4, Lesson 19: Geo Junction (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Using a geoboard as a coordinate grid and pieces of drinking straws as markers, students locate and mark coordinate points on the geoboard. Located points are transferred to geo dot paper where students identify the point by writing the coordinates.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 4, Lesson 20: Listening for Patterns (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Knowledge and understanding of patterns are extended through the use of literature as students make enriched connections to patterns in the real-world and transferring ideas.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 4, Lesson 21: The Important Thing (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Criteria are presented for designing a quilt block design. Students demonstrate their depth of understanding of math content by using their knowledge of the concepts and transferring it into a literary pattern to write a class big book.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 4, Lesson 22: Authentic Design (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Handmade quilts presented by the local Quilters Guild give students the opportunity to view, first-hand, a menagerie of quilt types, patterns, and themed designs. Students experience the actual size and complexity of handmade quilts and their designs.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 5, Lesson 24: Read All About It! (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The most important thing about this lesson is the class wrote the book themselves. It reviews symmetry, line of symmetry, congruent, slide, flip, turn, shapes within a shape, and patterns. But the important thing is that the class wrote the book themselves.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 5, Lesson 25: Geo Jungle (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Knowledge of geometry is taken to the woods as students walk the school grounds in search of symmetry in nature. Their finds are brought back to the classroom, preserved by pressing, and then used as the focus of a student generated narrative.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 5, Lesson 26: Tangram Tantrums (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Virtual manipulatives and tangrams give students a lesson in geometric terms they won’t forget. Challenged with odd shaped puzzles, students must effectively see shapes within a shape, and correctly direct piece movement with the terms slide, flip, turn.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 5, Lesson 27: DeSigning Coordinates (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Geo dot paper is used as a grid for coordinate geometry, making a familiar arena for performing a most unusual task. Letters are assigned to each dot. The challenge is to decode each word using given coordinates and then to illustrate each with tangrams.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 5, Lesson 28: The Mo-tea-if (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Preparing a fabric swatch for appliquéing begins with reading informational text and directions for tea dying cloth. The task comes full circle as students are given a piece of fabric, and use tea leaves to dye it to the shade of their choosing.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 6, Lesson 29: Geo Jabber (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Given a vocabulary word by the teacher, students show what they know by jabbering on their geoboard. Students silently present created illustrations or demonstrations for each word by holding up individual geoboards.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 6, Lesson 30: Manipulative Mania (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Explore and experiment with creating designs with specific components is one individual activity that students engage in. As students transfer designs and use a checklist to check for inclusiveness, each is summatively assessed on selected standards.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 6, Lesson 31: Ge-0h Boy, Oh Boy (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Through literature, students see an authentic use for stitching that goes beyond the coverlet and quilting as a feminine pastime. The concepts of quilting come full circle and students learn that it is useful for boys, as well as girls.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 6, Lesson 32: Applique-tion of Learning (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Appreciation for quilts as an art form, trade item, and as a way to conserve resources is developed by students reading and applying how-to text to actually hand appliqué a motif design to background fabric using three different styles of stitches.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 7, Lesson 33, Unpack My Mind to Make a Design (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Design pumps are primed and creative juices start to flow as students view various quilt pattern designs to identify and label components of each. Students then work independently on creating a quilt block design. (Summative Assessment A)

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 7, Lesson 34: Flying Geese (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The Flying Geese quilt pattern is used as a graphic organizer for classifying learned concepts. Using student-generated ideas, the teacher models use of the design for organizing knowledge and writing recorded ideas into paragraphs for a report.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 7, Lesson 35: Scatter Brain (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The word is out! Challenge students to decode the message by locating the given coordinate points of letters scattered on a coordinate grid. Then, using letter coordinates from the grid, students write a coded message to parents.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 7, Lesson 36: DeSign Sampler (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Using pictures of quilts, student groups follow presented criteria and utilize the role of each student to write quilt reports. This exercise affords students another opportunity to prepare for the summative assessment given the following day.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 7, Lesson 37: Summarizing for the Summative (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Purposeful listening and discretionary ears are a must as peers listen to group reports and offer positive and corrective feedback with regards to content criteria. This summarizing activity prepares students for the summative assessment of like design.

• Geo Jammin' By Design - Day 7, Lesson 38: Kool Cups (Authored by Katie Koehnemann.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Caution, fun ahead! Students read informational text and use mathematical language for the specific purpose of making geometric cups! Students proceed through the lesson to make cups per direction specifications. To test for accuracy, fill with Kool-Aid.

• Geo-Folder (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students create a Geo-Folder based on geometric terms and concepts.

• Geo-Town (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use a checklist to construct a Geo-Town map including a compass rose, a map key, and a paragraph about a walk around Geo-Town, using appropriate geometric and directional vocabulary to identify the two-dimensional figures encountered on the walk.

• GeoDraw (Authored by Ruth Meinke.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: GeoDraw is a two-part activity to reinforce the student’s ability to recognize and identify three-dimensional figures in a fun way. It includes an art activity and a card game.

• Geometric Glances (Authored by anne brandon.)

Description: Students capture pictures of geometric shapes with cameras and use geometric vocabulary to describe the pictures.

• Geometric Sequence (Authored by Xiuqing Li.)

Description: Students will learn the geometric sequence and find the sum of an geometric sequence.

• Geometric Twins (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: This lesson explores the concept of congruency using dot paper so that a student can visualize, draw, and replicate different congruent shapes.

• Geometry Geopardy (Authored by Annette Nixon.)

Description: A fun way to practice and review geometry material.

• Geometry in Nature (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: The students will explore how the circumference, diameter, and the relationship of Pi of a circle are related. The students will also determine the age of a tree by counting the summer growth rings.

• Geometry Library (Authored by Martha Todd.)

Description: Students write and illustrate books to make a class library of math term books. This is an excellent review for the FCAT math test.

• Geometry Scavenger Hunt (Authored by Sandra Pickard.)

Description: Students find everyday objects that represent geometric figures. The students must then prove the object is in fact the shape. Students also find the perimeter, area, surface area, volume, circumference of selected objects.

• Geometry: Tessellations (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students apply knowledge of reflections, rotations, and translations in creating a tessellation.

• George Gorilla and Gallon Gorp (Authored by Sara Hubbard.)

Description: George Gorilla and Gallon Gorp is an exciting hands-on lesson that enables elementary children to construct a gallon gorilla puzzle. In the process students learn measuring skills, make Gorilla Gorp, and enjoy their edible creation.

• Get the Picture with Graphs (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Pictures say a thousand words, so let’s just picture it with graphs! Students examine line, bar and circle graphs in the newspaper and on the Web. Sketches of graphs are completed with emphasis on selecting the best model to depict data collected. (NETS for Students: 5.1)

• Get the Picture? (Authored by Kim Auerbach.)

Description: Students design a simple coordinate graph picture. Then reflect, translate and rotate the picture according to specific directions.

• Gingerbread Genius (Authored by Tammy Hanlon.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students will sort by different attributes and name the sorting rule they used to sort their gingerbread men.

• Give Me Five, Cents That Is (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Give Me Five is the third lesson in the unit, Common Cents. It is an interesting lesson on nickels. Students learn money concepts through entertaining games, teacher instruction, hands-on activities, role play and partner work.

• Glucose Factory (Authored by Jacqueline Roberts.)

Description: Plants use chemicals from the environment and energy from the sun to produce their own food. The food they produce is glucose. Students determine through laboratory activity the presence or absence of glucose in a variety of plant leaves and stems.

• Go Far in a Car (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Traveling in a car can take you near or far. Through this literature-based lesson, students learn about rhyming words, that different things move at different speeds, and vocabulary as they explore transportation.

• Going My Way (High School Math) (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: When an object moves at a constant speed, or rate, it is said to be in uniform motion. The formula d = rt is used to solve uniform motion problems.

• Going My Way? (Authored by Maria Gyory.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students create and utilize a picture graph of the various means of transportation that they use to return home at the end of the school day.

• Going Whole Hog (Authored by Cindy Beckham.)

Description: To reinforce skills in comparing fractions, students play a game in which they compare fractions and represent the fractions on a graph.

• Goldfish Subtraction (Authored by Sheila Spiddle.)

Description: Students explore subtraction and number sentences using Goldfish crackers.

• Good Health Care (Authored by Joyce Sewell.)

Description: Students learn about safety, nutrition, personal hygiene, dental health, and the effects of rest and physical exercise on the human body. Students become aware of the jobs related to each of these health areas.

• Got Escher? (Tessellation) (Authored by Euconfra Corbit.)

Description: Students create Escher-like tessellations.

• Governor's Garden (Authored by Janet Greathouse.)

Description: The governor is planning to hire a landscape artist to design six polygonal gardens for the estate. Students create sketches of their plans and write an expository paragraph detailing their designs as part of the interview process for the job.

• Grab a Handful and Count (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students practice counting one-to-one correspondence using Fruit Loops with a partner and then compare them to see who has more or less.

• Graph Both Crusts (Authored by Lois Walsh.)

Description: Students calculate the angles and construct a pie graph of the percentages of the elements in the continental and oceanic crusts. Then they analyze the results.

• Graph It (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: Students use real life experiences (school Open House) to learn graphing skills and use technology for creating tables and graphs.

• Graph Scavenger Hunt (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: This learning activity is one of six in a station rotation where students go on a scavenger hunt to analyze how graphs are organized and used to solve problems. Students generate, collect, organize, display, and analyze their own data using a graph.

• Graphing Valentine Candies (Authored by Mirtha Pineda.)

Description: The student will learn to organize and display information in bar graph form using appropiate labels.

• Graphing With Candy (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: The purpose of this lesson is to gather information and interpret the results using a tally chart, a table, and a bar graph.

• Greedy Gator (Authored by Lory Vanpool.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Greedy Gator always wants the pile with more! Fortunately, his mouth looks just like a greater than-less than sign. After practicing with his toothy mouth and little cookies, students can easily begin using the sign like real mathematicians.

• Grow a Creature Lab (Authored by Roberta Klawinski.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is an interactive, hands-on lesson to estimate and measure the length of the creatures as they grow when placed in water. Students check the creature assigned to their group and observe, estimate, measure, record, and compare data daily for one week.

• GUM: More, Less, or the Same? (Authored by Lois Walsh.)

Description: A laboratory activity confirming the law of conservation of matter by weighing chewing gum before and after it is chewed. ‘ Will it weigh more, less or the same? What happens to the matter?’

• Gummy Bear Sorting (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students demonstrate knowledge of sorting and classifying by color as they sort gummy bear candies.

• Gummy Candy Count (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students count up to 10 objects in a group to find out how many.

• Gummy vs. Gum (Authored by Rita Williams.)

Description: Students discover a number pattern and write an equation that describes it. This lesson should be conducted after students have worked with patterns and one- and two-step equations.

• Half of a Half (Authored by Fulton Smedley.)

Description: Students develop a number line and identify common fractions using the denominators 2, 4, and 8.

• Hands vs. Feet (Authored by Melanie Henderson.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use unconventional units of measurement to discover the importance and need for a uniform unit of measurement.

• Happy Birthday Class (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Birthdays are important events in children’s lives. This lesson integrates graphing and the use of calendars with their special days.

• Harriet's Halloween Sort (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is a small group instructional activity in which students sort, classify and tell about what characteristics they sort individually wrapped candy.

• Hattitude (Authored by Susan Joyner.)

Description: Students are given the opportunity to choose and manipulate 4 different colored gummy hats (yummy!) and record possible combinations as they're discovered.

• Have You Flipped Your Bic? (Authored by Nancy Guest.)

Description: This is lesson extends a lesson in probability using one coin. Students flip a dime and a quarter to record and predict the probability of possible outcomes.

• Have You Heard It Through the Grapevine? (Authored by Sheila McKenzie.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students predict which boxes of name brand raisins will have more. Students count, organize, and construct graphs comparing data gathered while working in small groups.

• Heads-Up Probability (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: As an introduction to probability, students use tree diagrams to predict the possible outcomes of coin tosses. The data they collect and graph also help them predict the likelihood of getting heads or tails when tossing coins the next time.

• Heart Throbs (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: Students predict what might happen to their pulse rates after physical exertion and then make conclusions about the effects of physical activity on pulse rates.

• Heirloom Chopsticks (Authored by Christy Williamson.)

Description: Students measure, pattern, and design heirloom chopsticks.

• Hello, Fractions! (Authored by Jane Neale.)

Description: Students gain an understanding about simple fractions through the use of literature, hands-on manipulatives, as well as an Internet activity.

• Help Mary Find Her Way Home (Authored by Carol Harris.)

Description: Students are introduced to the coordinate plane by using the coordinates of points to direct a lost girl home. In their directions, students will identify the x and y axes in the coordinate plane and the coordinates of a given point in the first quadrant.

• Here Kitty, Kitty (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students count up to ten objects in a group to find out how many.

• Hey! What Is Your Angle? (Authored by Lee Strain.)

Description: Students create and classify straight, right, acute and obtuse angles using pretzel sticks.

• Home on the Range (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: Students learn how to find the range of a set of numbers by analyzing data.

• Hooray for the 100th Day (Authored by Louise McGinnis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Counting to 100 boring? Have fun on the 100th Day of School with some fun ways to practice counting with the students.

• Hot Time in the Classroom (Authored by Michael Hall.)

Description: Students use a thermometer and ice to learn that temperature is a measure of the average translational kinetic energy.

• Hover Above the Earth (Authored by Dawn Gott.)

Description: Students build a balloon hovercraft, take direct measurements, answer critical questions, and make calculations using the data gathered in order to realize the concept of acceleration as a change in velocity.

• How Big Is Your House? (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: The students will explore geometric formulas involving area by measuring and developing a scale drawing of their own homes. The students will find the area of each room as well as the total area of the house.

• How Cool Is It ? (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: The students will check the outside temperature at 5 different times of the day. The students will use both the Celsius and Fahrenheit scale. The students will then compare their temperatures using a bar graph.

• How Cool Is Your Environment? (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: The students calculate heat energy and convert from one temperature scale to another. The students will be able to manipulate formulas need for conversions.

• How Did We Get to School Today? (Authored by Diane Reinstatler.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: As the class discusses different ways children get to school they draw pictures on a cards showing how they came to school today. They then sort themselves into groups by transportaion such as bus, daycare van, car, walk, bike.

• How Do I Measure Up? (Early Grades) (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Health, Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In this lesson, students find out more about their bodies and what makes them different by tracing each their partners' bodies on butcher paper. They record their heights and weights, then compare them to the others in the class.

• How Do I Measure Up? (Intermediate Grades) (Authored by Tisa Craig.)

Description: This activity allows students to compare the relationship between meter in music and measurement in math.

• How Do You Get Home From School? (Authored by Melissa Lawley.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use basic computer skills to collect information, generate pictographs, and interpret the results of transportation home from school. Note: Circulate and formatively assess students as they use the technology tools. Provide assistance for students who are experiencing difficulty and monitor accordingly.

• How Do You Get to School? (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: How do your students get to school? Through this literature-based lesson, students learn that different things move at different speeds as they explore basic modes of transportation.

• How Do You Measure a Triangle? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Student will discover angles and their relationship to triangles.

• How Do You Pay a Complement to an Angle? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Complementary angles are two angles that form a right angle (90 degrees). Students practice finding the complement of an angle.

• How Do Your Students Measure Up? (Authored by Carol Spice.)

Description: Have you ever been frustrated trying to show students how to measure accurately and what the little lines on a ruler represent? I was until I found this simple activity to show students how to properly measure with a standard ruler to 1/16th of an inch.

• How Does It Move? (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: How do objects move? Through this literature-based lesson, students review using illustrations and phonetic principles to understand words, that different things move at different speeds, and vocabulary as they explore how forms of transportation move.

• How Fast Does Your Race Car Go? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Students are given average winning speeds for even-number years. The students then graph, determine a line of best fit, interpolate, extrapolate, write an equation in slope-intercept form, and predict winning speeds.

• How Fast Is It Traveling? (Authored by Obed Morales.)

Description: Students manipulate toy cars and simulate various walking speeds to discover characteristics related to rate of speed, distance and time. After measuring the time and distance, the students calculate the speed.

• How Fast Is Your Car? (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: In this lesson, students discover the relationship between speed, distance, and time. They calculate speed and represent their data graphically.

• How Long Is Your Smile? (Authored by Kachanda Silva.)

Description: This activity is a creative way for students to learn to measure to the nearest centimeter. Students will work together to create a portrait of themselves with an accurate measurement of their smile to the nearest centimeter.

• How Many Bears in the Forest? (Authored by Amelia McCurdy.)

Description: Students model the tag and recapture of bears and use proportions to estimate the population of the bears in their forest. This is a statistical sampling method used by scientists and naturalist to determine population numbers.

• How Much Gift Wrap Do I Need? (Authored by Pam Kennon.)

Description: Students estimate measurements in a real world problem situation.

• How Old Did You Say? (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: How Old Did You Say? What an interesting way for students to see and develop algebraic formulas based on their own ages as the known variable.

• How Simple Is Your Rational Expression? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Rational expressions are algebraic expressions whose numerator and denominator are polynomials. This lesson simplifies such expressions and identifies values of the variable that must be excluded.

• How Tall in the Fall? (Authored by Tammy Hales.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use nonstandard measurement to measure. Students estimate to predict the correct length before they measure. Students count the correct number of objects used to measure.

• How Tall is that Billboard? (Authored by Alan Kent.)

Description: This lesson covers constructing and using a basic hypsometer to measure the heights of tall objects such as trees, billboards, and buildings.

• How Tall Is That Flag Pole? (Authored by Amelia McCurdy.)

Description: Students learn that similar triangles have sides that are proportional. They will use this knowledge to determine the height of a flagpole. This method was used by the ancient Egyptians to determine the height of the great pyramids.

• How Will You Measure Up? (Authored by Debi Vermette.)

Description: Students use the appropriate units of measure when given a list of items to estimate and measure. Students work in cooperative groups to locate, estimate, and measure given items using the correct unit of measurement.

• Hula Hoop Hullabaloo (Authored by Karen Cook.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students demonstrate the ability to group numbers to 1000 or more using concrete materials. This activity is a unique, engaging way to help your students obtain a more visual understanding of place value.

• I Am the Lucky One (Authored by Judith Bachay.)

Description: Students explore their birth orders and the stress created from them. Then they identify their birth orders by drawing pictures of themselves and listing their birth orders. They are introduced to the concept of survey and conduct a verbal survey.

• I Can Make a Pattern, You Can Make a Pattern (Authored by Rebecca Brown.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Patterns, patterns everywhere! Can you make a pattern? Students will make a physical pattern using sounds, physical movements, and manipulatives.

• I Can Use a Worm to Count. Can a Worm Count Me? (Authored by Rebecca McCroan.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: A quick and easy way to learn how to count to 100. Lessons include literature that features worms/counting, puppets or props for daily counting practice.

• I'm a Hundred, You're a Thousand (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Given a place value word problem, students put themselves in the correct place value, write the correct number on paper, and create their own place value problems.

• In Your Prime (Authored by Melanie Malone.)

Description: This activity allows students to find prime numbers on their own. They use a method developed a few thousand years ago to discover the primes that are less than 100.

• Inch Around This (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students learn the concept of perimeter by measuring the perimeter of different shapes and creating shapes to be measured for perimeter.

• Inching Worms (Authored by Karen Ledet.)

Description: In small groups, students have a blast trying to measure live, wiggly, stretching worms to the nearest ½ inch. Groups record their data onto a class graph and then compare characteristics.

• Interior Designer for a Day (Authored by Kim Auerbach.)

Description: Students will organize a 20 x 17 room with a given set of furniture pieces. Arrangement is to be based on maximum comfort and practicality.

• Internet Field Trip on Fractions and Geometry (Authored by Joseph Furner PhD.)

Description: This lesson is on fractions/geometry as it relates to parts and wholes. Students take an Internet field trip to learn more about fractions. ESOL strategies include using pattern block manipulatives and pairing ESOL and non-ESOL students on computers.

• Introduction to Fractions (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: This lesson is intended to introduce the students to fractions.

• Is Over Of (Authored by Annette Nixon.)

Description: This lesson discusses an often used, but rarely seen in books, method of teaching percents. Former students report this is one of the most useful algorithms learned in class.

• Is the Price Right? (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: Students play The Price Is Right game to estimate and to chart the price of items to the nearest \$1.00 and \$10.00 and then check their estimates by counting out the actual amount in play money.

• Is the Probability Probable? (Authored by Rita Williams.)

Description: The students compare experimental results with mathematical expectations of probabilities. This lesson should be used after students have been introduced to probability and taught how to calculate the mathematical probability of an event's occurrence.

• Is Your Square Complete? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Solving quadratic equations using the Complete the Square form.

• It Figures! (Authored by Karen Castle.)

Description: Students use a variety of materials to construct, compare and judge two-dimensional figures.

• It Has to Balance (Authored by Laura Brown.)

Description: Students use a price list and balance sheet to plan for a day of fun at the beach. They learn about expenses, income, outgo, and balancing of resources.

• It Is Raining Cats & Dogs (Authored by Michele Rivera.)

Description: Does sterilization prior to adoption reduce the euthanasia rate? This interactive lesson focuses on a community problem by measuring the annual adoption rate of sterilized animals to determine if sterilization before adoption reduces the euthanasia rate.

• It's a Ball, It’s a Sphere…No, It’s a Dodecahedron (Authored by Cindy Beckham.)

Description: Students construct a dodecahedron that displays facts about two and three- dimensional figures.

• It's Close Enough: Rounding and Estimation (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students are introduced to place value concepts as they learn how to round to the closest five, ten, and hundred.

• It's Great to Be More (Authored by Sally McDine.)

Description: Comparing whole and fractional numbers using <, >, or =, with manipulatives and drawings.

• Jack and The Beanstalk Estimation (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students use beans to estimate and measure the area of a shape using [Jack and the Beanstalk] to introduce this lesson.

• Jefferson on a Nickel (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Who wrote our Declaration of Independence? Our third president, Thomas Jefferson, was the main writer. Learn about his life, presidency, monument, and tributes to him through stories and poems. Students will also learn the attributes of a nickel.

• Jeopardy Changes It! (Authored by Debra Anderson.)

Description: This lesson is a culminating activity after teaching fraction, decimal, and percent conversions. Students enjoy playing Jeopardy as a review for expressing these conversions. The students will be able to express percents as fractions and decimals, fractions as decimals and percents and decimals as percents and fractions. This will show that students understand the relationship between fractions, decimals, and percents.

• Jobs, Jobs, Jobs (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Have you wondered how many workers are needed to move people and cargo? Through this literature-based lesson, students review rhyming words, that different things move at different speeds, and vocabulary as they explore transportation and transportation related jobs.

• Joining Hands (Authored by Virginia Spivey.)

Description: Students explore the inverse relationship of addition and subtraction in a "hands-on" activity based on the fact families of ones, twos, and threes.

• Jumping Jaguars! (Authored by Debra Mastro.)

Description: Students accurately measure the distances they and their classmates jump. They determine the mean, median and mode of specific jumps.

• Just Graph It! (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Poetic Math Challenge - Lesson 4 Pictures say a thousand words, so, Just Graph It! Data collected and analyzed is now incorporated into a spreadsheet and graphs of varying nature generated to further enhance student understanding. (NETS for Students: 5.1 and 5.2)

• Keep It Quiet! (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: How can a container be soundproofed? Learning about sound waves and how they behave in various media will enable students to create a soundproofed container.

• Keeping An Inverse Relationship (Authored by Joanne Johnson.)

Description: Students learn how to identify the inverse relationship of positive and negative numbers using real-world examples.

• Ketchup to Collecting Data (Authored by Beverly Kyte.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Do your students love ketchup? Students collect data for a survey of 3 brands of ketchup and create class charts.

• Kid Garden Math (Authored by anne brandon.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The student designs a geometric garden. Shapes to be included are squares, triangles, and hexagons.

• Kindergarten Line Up (Authored by Jeannie Schultz.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students learn to identify their ordinal number, line up in numerical order matching their number with the sticker label on the back of their hand and identify their buddy group, helping members line up in order.

• Know Numbers Now (Authored by M Camber.)

Description: By using manipulatives, hands-on activities and teamwork, students gain a greater understanding of numbers and will be able to demonstrate this by reading, writing and identifying multi-digit numbers to millions.

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is an interesting lesson on addition that encourages class participation through role-play and concrete hands-on activity. Students practice putting two sets together to form a new set.

• Latitude and Longitude: Geography and Geometry! (Authored by Anne Roundtree.)

Description: This lesson integrates areas of geometry and geography. The students will learn to pinpoint locations on maps and charts using latitude and longitude coordinates.

• Leap Frog Experiment (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: As an introduction to problem solving, students ask questions and design an experiment to explore different spinners in -The Leap Frog- board game. As students conduct their experiment, they collect information and interpret the results using a graph.

• Leaps and Dives: Is it Odd or Even? (Authored by Tara Ply.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Inspired by some fun dolphin characters, second graders use a diagram to demonstrate and explain even and odd numbers.

• Learn The Shapes! (Authored by Sherry McCullough.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students are introduced to two-dimensional shapes and explore their similarities and differences. They go on a “Shape Search” and create illustrations of shapes to share with their peers!

• Learning about Shapes with Tangrams and the Net (Authored by Andrea Jacobsen.)

Description: This lesson uses tangrams, children's literature, and Websites to teach primary students about shapes.

• Learning About Temperature Is Cool! (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students estimate and compare temperature using degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit. They create mini temperature posters and answer questions about temperature.

• Least Common Multiples (Word Problems) (Authored by Timothy Mark Dillehay.)

Description: Students cooperatively complete several real world problems using Least Common Multiples and sequencing. Creativity and understanding are used to finalize the packet with a student made real world problem.

• Let Me Count the Ways (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: What are the possible combinations? Students combine given items to make as many different sets as possible

• Let the Light Shine Through! (Authored by Kim Auerbach.)

Description: Students design a geometric stained glass window pattern which includes at least one line of symmetry.

• Let's Go Shopping (Authored by Gina Dolan.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Counting money and paying for purchases is usually left to adults. Give your students this real-world, adult responsibility in your classroom and watch them become proficient consumers who can count, figure change, and find the value of saving.

• Let's Go Shopping (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: This lesson reinforces the math skills needed by our students to become wise consumers.

• Let's Go Shopping (Authored by Carol Spice.)

Description: Excite your students! Give them \$500 to spend. Little will they know how much they are learning about fractions, decimals, and percents.

• Let's Graph It! (Authored by Dirk Naegele.)

Description: Students calculate the conversion factor between cm and inches by graphing the height of each student in cm and inches and finding the slope of the line.

• Let's Make Fudge (Authored by Kathy Peters.)

Description: Students work in small groups to read a recipe involving fractions, change recipe values, and create their own batches of fudge.

• Let's Play (Authored by Roberto Gonzalez-Trigo.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Music (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In order for students to read music, they must be able to recognize and perform individual notes and patterns. Watch students' faces for pure enjoyment as they demonstrate patterns aurally through hand/body movements, visually through manipulatives, and finally perform them on instruments.

• Let's Play Again (Authored by Roberto Gonzalez-Trigo.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Music (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Expression is an important element in music. This lesson plan will enable students to familiarize themselves with basic variances in dynamics and tempo, and later perform them on instruments. The lesson will conclude with review activities.

• Let's Shop (Authored by Nancy Verdone.)

Description: Students learn how to add and subtract decimals, using concrete objects and story problems. Two activities and a homework assignment are provided to perform this task.

• Line Plots (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Statistical data can be organized and presented on a number line. Numerical information displayed on a number line is called a “line plot.”

• Listen to a Shape (Authored by Carolynne Gischel.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The student will identify basic shapes (circle, square, rectangle, triangle) and describe the attributes of each.

• Lively Math (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Set mathematical problem solving to music and play like musical chairs. Use classical music to set a thought-provoking atmosphere. This is also an excellent method for reinforcement or review.

• Looking at Data (Authored by Timothy Mark Dillehay.)

Description: Students use two days to create, collect, display and analyse data. Classroom activities and practice will build greater understanding to a variety of forms used to display data. Central tendencies become a major focus in the prompt questions during the project.

• Looking for More Clues (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students review how to display collected data on bar and circle graphs.

• Lucky Charms Pictograph (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students create pictographs using a breakfast cereal.

• Lyrics Statistics (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Poetic Math Challenge-Lesson 2 Since all the rhyming is through, now what are we to do? What does all of this prove to you? The answer to that question is in the statistics found in Lesson 2. Stay tuned and you will see; the best to come is yet to be!

• M & M Candy: I Want Green (Authored by Susan Cornwell.)

Description: This lesson is a fun way to compare mathematical expectations and experimental probability, and then explain any difference in the two numbers. Students use colored candy pieces (such as M & M’s) for their data collection, comparisons, and explanations.

• M & M Counting Fun (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students count up to 10 or more M&Ms using verbal names and one-to-one correspondence, as well as use sets of M&Ms to represent quantities given in verbal form.

• M & M Lab (Authored by Judy Fox.)

Description: Here is a delicious way to capture your students' attention. Through the use of M&Ms, this lesson helps students learn about several different types of graphs.

• M & M Math (Authored by Rochel Abrams.)

Description: Use M and M Math to entice your students into working on math. Rarely will students not be motivated by getting chocolate to eat. This lesson is designed to help teach students how to find the relationships among fractions, decimals, and percent.

• Magical Shapes (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is a fun lesson on shapes that encourages student involvement. Students practice manipulating shapes into different locations. They learn that even though shapes may look different when they are moved into different locations, the shape remains the same with the same properties. The lesson is called magical shapes because students have the opportunity to make pictures using pre cut-out shapes.

• Magnetism and the Magnetic Force (Authored by J.P. Hamilton.)

Description: Students investigate magnetism and magnetic force.

• Make a Design by Plotting Points (Authored by Dan Schmidt.)

Description: Students design a picture by plotting points on graph paper and then color their designs.

• Making Cents of Division (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students will use pennies as manipulatives to solve simple division problems. They will create division number sentences to correspond with each exercise.

• Making Cents of Fractions and Decimals (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students will learn decimals and fractions using groups of 100 pennies. By classifying the pennies in different ways, there will be an unlimited number of ways to learn fractions, decimals, and place value in money.

• Making Change (Authored by Pamela Williams.)

Description: Students learn how to incorporate a new type of technology, the cash register and/or a calculator, as a motivational tool for solving real life problems. Students practice estimating money and counting back change from \$20.00. NETS for Students: 3.1 and 6.1)

• Mammoth Sunflower Problem (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Students use information on a package of seeds to practice measurement and solve a real-world problem.

• Mapping Possible Solutions (Authored by Julie Thompson.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: Where is the heart of Florida now that we have entered the 21st century? Students propose possible sites for the heart of Florida state capital by mapping collected data onto a Florida state map and recording data in a Travel Log.

• Marble Grab Bag: Certainly? Maybe? Impossible? (Authored by Tara Ply.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Second graders use a hands-on activity and a data chart to explain the certainty, probability, or impossibility of drawing a particular color of marble from a bag.

• Marking the Minutes (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Marking the Minutes is a class timetable report of the time that the class spends during Uninterrupted Silent Reading. The time is added on each day, indicating the total number of seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, etc. (actual increments of time).

• Marvelous Multipliers (Authored by Alonza Holden.)

Description: Students use manipulatives to multiply.

• Math Match Up! (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students solve problems using multiplication and repeated addition.

• Math on Your Lap Quilt (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Student-created quilt blocks are used to investigate and develop procedures for finding the area of squares and rectangles.

• Math, Sweet Math (Authored by Farrah Milby.)

Description: A great way to make math sweet ! Using candy, students explore whole numbers one to hundred thousand. Students place candy on a place value chart and learn how sweet math can be.

• Maximum Profit (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson uses application that provides reinforcement in such areas as problem solving, multiplying polynomials, and finding maximum points.

• Mean Averages (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: Students find the mean, median, and mode by analyzing numerical data.

• Measure Me! (Authored by Jennifer Mann.)

Description: This lesson allows to students to use a nonstandard concrete method to estimate and record measurements of their body.

• Measure This! (Authored by Kim Auerbach.)

Description: Students estimate in centimeters the measurement of ten items that are in a paper bag and record the results. Sudents then measure the items using a centimeter ruler and record the results next to the estimates.

• Measurement Mania (Authored by Elise Cruz.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity is a way for students to understand measuring in standard ways (using an inch ruler only) and non-standard ways (using unifix cubes). Students measure 10 different objects found in the classroom, including their own hands and feet, then record their findings.

• Measurement Scavenger Hunt (Authored by Carol Spice.)

Description: Start your year with this scavenger hunt! Familiarize students with your classroom while reviewing and assessing basic understanding of estimation, measurement, and units in fraction and decimal form.

• Measures and Weights! (Authored by Kevin Daly.)

Description: This lesson only deals with the length and weight in centimeters and grams portion of the standard. Students increase their estimation and measurement skills in regard to the metric system (centimeters and grams). Students order their results in a table for an assessment. Students should have a prior knowledge of how to use both a ruler and a balance.

• Measures of Central Tendency (High School) (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: In analyzing, statistical data, measures of central tendency are used because they represent centralized data.

• Measures of Central Tendency (Middle School) (Authored by Diane Bates.)

Description: Students compute the measures of central tendency (mean, median, and mode) and range and determine how outliers affect the measures.

• Measuring Mania (Authored by Gina Dolan.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Watch your students turn into measuring maniacs with this activity. With real world objects, students practice measuring accurately to the nearest inch and centimeter.

• Measuring the Merchantable Height of a Tree (Authored by Jacqueline Roberts.)

Description: In this activity, students learn techniques that determine the merchantable height of a tree and the number of logs a tree provides.

• Measuring Up (Authored by Tabitha Kosmas.)

Description: Students measure various amounts of liquid while exploring the different capacities of a cup, a pint, a quart and a gallon. Students measure the correct quantities of punch ingredients and make the punch.

• Measuring Up on the Mayflower (Authored by Susan Mercer.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use a meter tape to compare the length of the Mayflower to a basketball court and make homemade butter for crackers. Afterwards, all the students sit inside the makeshift Mayflower's dimensions and enjoy their Pilgrim butter.

• Measuring with Mathematics (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: Students discover how the change in the dimensions of a shape will cause a change in the overall area of the shape, but the perimeter will stay the same.

• Mechanically Inclined (Authored by Albert Baggott.)

Description: Students use hands-on or demonstration activity to investigate the mechanical advantage of an inclined plane.

• Medieval Castles (Authored by Nanette Merrell.)

Description: The students design a scale model of a medieval castle and its surroundings including the following items: castle, moat, bailey, drawbridge, turrets, dungeon, grounds, and outer walls.

• Medieval Mathematicians and Whimsical Windows (Authored by Peggy Kelly.)

Description: Open students' minds toward creating a medieval-styled stained glass window. Working as an artist and mathematician on this project demonstrates their mathematical knowledge of symmetry and reflection using congruent geometric shapes.

• Meet the Five Food Groups (Authored by Martha Cordell.)

• Subject(s): Health, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson is designed to invite first grade students to identify the five food groups and the foods within each group as shown on the food pyramid.

• Melt in Your Mouth Subtraction (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The lesson involves role-play and using manipulatives to solve subtraction problems.

• Mental Math Relay (Authored by Sandra Pickard.)

Description: Students use mental math, paper and pencil and calculators to solve problems. The students are put into teams and “race” to see who will get the most correct answers per round.

• Metric M & M Fun (Authored by Laurel Withee.)

Description: This is a fun activity that explores the relative sizes of common metric prefixes as they compare to the base unit.

• Million Dollar Gift (Authored by Annette Nixon.)

Description: A homework project in which students use problem-solving skills and their knowledge of volume to create a box large enough to hold a million dollars. The project is fun to do near the winter holidays with inexpensive gifts included in the boxes.

• Millions of Numbers (Authored by Lisa Driscoll.)

Description: The students use manipulatives and cooperative groups while reading, writing, and identifying whole numbers through millions.

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson teaches children how to identify the range, median, and mode in a list of numbers by using concrete materials.

• Mine Is! Is Yours? (Authored by Liz West.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson teaches the concept of symmetry through the use of letters in the child's name.

• Mixed Expressions and Complex Fractions (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Algebraic expressions such as (a + b/c), and (5 + (x-y)/(x+3)) are called mixed expressions. Changing mixed expressions to rational expressions is similar to changing mixed numbers to improper fractions.

• Mobile-ize (Authored by Patti Corley.)

Description: The student creates a mobile with a minimum of four space figures. The mobile is made after the students understand the geometric/space figure vocabulary and have practiced drawing these figures using software programs. (NETS for Students: 3.1 and 3.2)

• Money Bags (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students explore different combinations of coins that can be used for specified amounts of money using paper money and tree diagrams. Students write money amounts in different forms (expanded, standard, decimal).

• Money Matters (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Money Matters is the fourth lesson in the unit, Common Cents. In this lesson, students practice adding, exchanging and comparing coins through games, hands-on activities and role-play.

• Moooooove into Graphing (Authored by Pam Carroll.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: And on this farm we have a cow, E-I , E-I-O! Students explore graphing software and create their own graph of farm animals. Then students analyze their graph using the teacher made worksheet (see Associated File).

• More Bait for Your Buck! (Authored by Denise West.)

Description: This activity, intended for use with a science lesson using invertebrates, poses the problem of where to buy earthworms. Students estimate and weigh worms to determine where they can purchase the heaviest ones. Compile results in a double bar graph.

• More Money, More Money (Authored by Janet Harrigan.)

Description: Students explore money via poetry and problem solving.

• More or Less? Mouse or Elephant? (Authored by Sharon Ussery.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students have fun predicting the relative sizes of answers to addition and subtraction problems using their animal friends.

• Multiplication & Division Word Problems Made Easy (Authored by Joe Crawley.)

Description: This lesson helps students determine when to multiply or divide when solving real-world problems. The student will explore why they multiply or divide.

• Multiplication Illustration (Authored by Peggy Christian.)

Description: Engage students using literature and art to apply the principals of multiplication with three or more factors.

• Multiplication Mania (Authored by Kathy Pajak.)

Description: The student will learn to multiply by one-digit whole numbers.

• Multiplying Rational Numbers (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: To multiply rational expressions, you multiply the numerators and multiply the denominators.

• Multiplying by 3 (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

Description: The students practice the multiples of three as an introduction to multiplying by three.

• Munchy Multiplication (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students will learn the concept of multiplication by putting goldfish crackers into groups, adding them up, and writing multiplication sentences to show what they have done.

• Musical Math Challenge (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Prerequisite activity to Poetic Math Challenge - Set mathematical problem solving to music and play like musical chairs. Use classical music to set a thought-provoking atmosphere. This is also an excellent method of reinforcement or review.

• My First Number Book (Authored by Jan McRight.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students produce a book that includes a page for numbers 0-10. On each page they write the numeral, the word for that numeral and place the correct number of stickers to represent the numeral. The cover includes a title, student's name and an illustration.

• My Life in Numbers (Authored by Sandra Pickard.)

Description: Students create a number line depicting their lives and family history. Students use absolute value to represent pre and post birth events.

• Mystery Polygon (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Students create riddles by giving a written description of a polygon. They share their riddles with their classmates.

• Name Fame (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Health, Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In this lesson, students learn the uniqueness of their names by reading the book, [Chrysanthemum], and completing other integrated math counting and graphing activities.

• Names Count! (Authored by Tamara Atkinson.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson introduces range, mode, and median in a fun way. Using the number of letters in their names and in fairy tale characters’ names, students work in small groups to complete a graph and use data to determine range, mode, and median.

• Native American Necklaces (Authored by Diane Reinstatler.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The students will make an -abb- pattern from macaroni they dyed in a previous lesson. They will follow the pattern as they string the macaroni to make a necklace.

• Natural Patterns (Authored by Janet Turner.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson reinforces recognition of patterns using items collected from outside the classroom (i.e.: leaves, sticks, rocks, etc…).

• Nine in the Sky (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Can you see the nine planets in the sky? This ninth lesson from the unit, Sky High Counting continues students’ exploration of the day and night sky. A page for the number 9 is added to students’ counting books.

• Not Just an Average Class (Authored by Donna Perini.)

Description: Students work together to find the median, mode, and mean of their first and last names using a numerical code in this fun, interactive lesson.

• Not Your Average Planet (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: Using information about the planets and our solar system, students explore median, mode, mean, and range. Calculators assist students in finding the range and mean.

• Notes to a Mathematician (Authored by Michaél Dunnivant.)

Description: This activity introduces how to express likelihood as a ratio in fraction form. After exploring the concept of likelihood, students write a -Note to a Mathematician- to analyze what they have observed about the likelihood of simple events.

• Number Chameleon (Authored by Amy Gunn.)

Description: This lesson teaches students to express a quantity in a variety of ways; to understand whether relationships among fractions, decimals, and percents are equal; and to convert a number expressed in one form to another.

• Number Muncher (Authored by Jennifer Soderlund.)

Description: Hungry Harold is starving! Students develop and solve comparative number sentences using greater than and less than symbols to feed Harold.

• Number Order 1-10 (Authored by Karen Minks.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students read and write numerals 1-10 in correct order.

• Number Patterns (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students recognize patterns in a series of numbers and symbols. They also make their own patterns and explain them in writing.

• Numbers Beyond Reason! (Authored by Cylle Rowell.)

Description: Students use the story of the “discovery” of irrational numbers to learn about the different classes of numbers, the different ways in which numbers may be represented, and how to classify different numbers into their particular class.

• Numbers, Patterns, and Algebraic Thinking (Authored by Mike Rooney.)

Description: Fifth grade students use spreadsheets to help in their understanding of concepts of numbers, patterns, and algebraic thinking.

• Nuts for Counting (Authored by Carolyn Rosier.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: How many nuts in a peanut shell? Children observe, predict, and count in this nutty lesson featuring boiled or parched peanuts. But before they can eat, they must record the actual number of nuts on the provided worksheet.

• Observing the Evidence (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students discuss ways to choose a representative sample of a large group in order to answer a class question and learn how to collect the data.

• Octopus Legs (Authored by Carolyn Rosier.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Have oceans of fun transforming a wienie into an octopus kids can eat! After counting, cutting halves and fourths, observing steam and the effects of heat, they learn about mixing colors as they create a yummy dipping sauce from mustard and ketchup.

• Oh Deer! (Authored by Candace Parker.)

Description: Students interact as deer, food, water, and shelter in an activity to demonstrate how nature is constantly changing according to changes in the environment. They construct a graph to show this concept.

• Old Poly Factoring (Authored by Kevin Holland.)

Description: -Old Poly- factoring is a great reinforcement or enhancement to any algebraic factoring unit. Students are given a set of -Old Poly- cards and have to match polynomials to their factored forms. The game is played like -Old Maid-.

• One Sun, One Moon (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Share the joy of books while introducing students to counting to ten, making predictions, and recognizing characteristics of the day and night sky. Students begin creating their own counting books while studying the number 1.

• Opening the Case (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: This is an introduction to the unit Data, Detectives and Decisions. Students are taught how to design an experiment and use graphs and statistics to help solve a problem.

• Orange Freeze (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Orange Freeze gives students a hands-on experience with calculating increased ingredient measures as they multiply a recipe prior to concocting a frozen delight.

• Order in the Classroom (Authored by Dana Hopkins.)

Description: Students define and identify integers, rational, irrational, real, and complex numbers. They find examples of each and write them on note cards. They work in small groups to put each card in ascending or descending order.

• Ordinal Numbers Are Out of this World (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students identify and write ordinal numbers by following the sequence the school bus followed during a field trip to the nine planets in the solar system. This is based on the book THE MAGIC SCHOOL BUS LOST IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM.

• Our Class Record Book (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Our Class Record Book is an ongoing collection of information about our class. Each entry provides an opportunity for the class to extend their measurement skills.

• Our Hour (Authored by Lee Strain.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students keep track of time throughout the day by recording the time and what activity they are doing at that particular hour.

• Out to Lunch (Authored by Gina Dolan.)

Description: Grab your students’ interest through their stomachs and provide an opportunity for them to solve a problem real to their world. With a menu from a local restaurant, students use their computation skills to plan a lunch with a cost of \$5.00 or less.

• Pac Man Subtraction (Authored by Katherine McQuown.)

Description: Pac man three-digit subtraction (renaming tens) is taught in a game format using visual symbols, auditory responses (gobbling), and tactile stimuli (touch counting dots).

• Pacing a Gunther Chain (Authored by Jacqueline Roberts.)

Description: In this activity, students learn to pace a Gunther Chain, which is a unit of measurement used by foresters to determine distance and area.

• Pair 'Em Up! (Authored by Suzan Smith.)

Description: In the fourth lesson plan of the unit, Where We Come From, students learn how to use and verify the validity of Punnett squares by using a Weblink for instruction. They will also simulate a real-world situation by drawing “chromosomes” from a paper bag. Data will be tracked, students will calculate percentages, and cross check their predictions and results by using a Punnett square.

• Pairs of Angles (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson discusses adjacent angles, vertical angles, linear pairs, supplementary angles and complementary angles

• Parallel and Perpendicular Lines (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Students work with parallel and perpendicular lines and their properties.

• Parts Are Parts - The English Measurement System (Authored by Dale Peterson.)

Description: All scientific studies require accurate data collection. Knowledge of the English measurement system’s origins helps students understand the importance of standardization.

• Party Time (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: Students create a schedule to provide to the guests of a birthday party. This activity incorporates elasped time, time duration, and AM and PM.

• Passing the Pattern (Authored by Liz West.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In this lesson, students work in small groups and will develp patterns using pattern blocks and will extend the patterns of the other group members.

• Patchwork Quilting (Authored by Kathy Pajak.)

Description: Students apply knowledge of symmetry to design and create individual squares of a patchwork quilt. Students' squares are compiled to form a classroom quilt which can be used to explore area in a follow-up lesson entitled -Math on Your Lap Quilt.-

• Pattern Detectives (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: As an introduction to the Unit Plan, Patterns, Patterns Everywhere, students are asked to become Pattern Detectives. This literature-based lesson exposes students to patterns in language, math, and science.

• Pattern People (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The student will describe a wide variety of classification schemes and patterns related to physical characteristics and sensory attributes of people and will recognize, extend and create a wide variety of those patterns and relations.

• Patterns All Around (Authored by Deirdre Byrne.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson provides students with fun ways to explore and create patterns using paint, pattern blocks, paper shapes, and musical instruments. The students will be able to show their understanding of creating and extending patterns.

• Peace Pie (Authored by Shelia Ray.)

• Subject(s): Health, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students review peacemaking strategies by identifying their capacity of creating and promoting peace within their classroom, home, community, and world. Fractions are introduced through the making of a -peace pie-.

• Penguin Palace (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: The students design a model to scale of the basement in [Mr. Popper's Penquins]. The model includes 5 modifications made to the basement by Mr. Popper and identifies the area and perimeter of each modification.

• Penny Pinchers (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is an entertaining kindergarten lesson on money. Students are introduced to the penny and a classroom "toy store."

• Penny, Nickel, Dime (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: What do you know about money? Using coins, students recognize and compare the value of pennies, nickels, and dimes. Counting skills are reviewed as students count pennies, nickels, and dimes.

• Perfect Places! (Authored by Judy Bryant.)

Description: This lesson will help students understand the role of the decimal point and the relationship between tenths, hundredths, and thousandths.

• Perfect Polygons (Authored by Jacquelyn Clark.)

Description: This lesson introduces the concept of regular and irregular polygons.

• Perfect Squares and Factoring (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Numbers such as 1, 4, 9, and 16 are called perfect squares. Products of the form (a + b)^2 and (a – b)^2 are also called perfect squares, and these expansions are called perfect square trinomials.

• Perfectly Puzzling Pentominoes (Authored by Mary Bohannon.)

Description: Students utilize manipulatives (pentominoes) to demonstrate knowledge of: lines of symmetry, slides, reflections(flips), rotations(turns), area, and perimeter.

• Perfectly Square (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students use graph paper to make models of perfect squares.

• Phase In, Phase Out, the Magnificent Moon (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students know very little about the moon, so investigate what’s in the night sky and find out why the moon looks different every 28 days.

• Pi Day (March 14) (Authored by Dan Schmidt.)

Description: Students will determine the value of PI by measuring the circumference and diameter of circular objects such as soup cans, Oreo cookies, etc..

• Pickles: Death in a Jar! (Authored by Darrin Minns.)

Description: This lesson explores the influence that lurking variables can have on data and statistical inference.

• Picture Fists Full of Kisses (Authored by Ann Espersen.)

• Subject(s): Health, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Dissolve fears and evaporate tears anticipated on the first school day. In this handy lesson, students will empathize with the main character in the book THE KISSING HAND and experience a pictograph while learning to tell left hand from right hand.

• Piggy Pockets (Authored by Kelly Toomey.)

Description: Students work cooperatively to formulate estimates and calculate exact totals when dealing with money. They keep a checkbook ledger to illustrate totals in their piggy pockets.

• Pilots, Drivers, and Captains (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Who makes the transportation go? Through this literature-based lesson, students review rhyming words, that different things move at different speeds, and vocabulary as they explore transportation and transportation related jobs.

• Pizza Anyone? (Authored by Susan Parsons.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students cooperatively create models of pizzas and divide them into the following fractions, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4.

• Pizza Fractions (Authored by David Hardrick.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students identify a whole and the fractions ½, ¼, and ¾ using pizza.

• Pizza Probability (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Pizza Probability allows students to use graphing software in displaying the results of their gathered statistical data to make predictable decisions in suggesting the varieties of pizza to sell at a community fundraiser.

• Place Value Popsicles (Authored by Sandi Tidwell.)

Description: The student will explore regrouping and place value in a game format using concrete models.

• Place Values and Patterns, What is the Value? (Authored by Lizzie Gonzales.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students understand the significance of a number’s place value by interactively engaging in the identification of patterns and two-digit place values. Students use 10 by 10 grids to create a number puzzle. ESOL strategies are included in the Extensions section.

• Places, Places, Everyone (Authored by Karen Beck.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The students practice place value by playing the game -Show Me,- and by using math software, such as Edmark's Mighty Math Carnival or The Learning Company's Treasure Mathstorm.

• Play Dough Number Sentences (Authored by Deborah Ford.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students receive a can of play dough and form it into numbers to make addition problems. The students also learn the proper format for an addition sentence from left to right.

• Play Dough Pizza Party (Authored by Nancy Strong.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity allows students the opportunity to use and create (cut) fractions using a real-life situation. Students participate in identifying and creating fractional parts of a whole.

• Playground Games (Authored by Sandi King.)

Description: This review lesson allows students to use their knowledge of velocity and wave behavior while competing in playground games.

• Plot It (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: Students use a stem-and-leaf plot from a set of data to identify the range, median, and mode of their own math grades.

• Plot That Decimal (Authored by Cindy Beckham.)

Description: Students work in groups to plot a set of number cards containing whole numbers and decimals on a number line.

• Plotting Ordered Pairs 1 (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: This lesson serves as an introduction to graphing. Students identify the origin and use the x- and y-axes to plot positive ordered pairs in the coordinate system.

• Plotting Ordered Pairs 2 (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: This is -part 2- of an introductory lesson that exposes students to identifying and plotting positive ordered pairs in a coordinate system. Prerequisite knowledge: origin, x- and y-axes, and a basic understanding of how to plot ordered pairs.

• Poetic Math Challenge (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Are you a ‘math poet?’ Make math problems unique and interesting by allowing students to create and/or solve problems relating to real-world experiences incorporating rhythmic lines. A catchy line might save you time when solving a real-life problem!

• Poetic Math Greeting Cards (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Poetic Math Challenge-Lesson 3 What is the most often purchased greeting card? Discover this, and then have students produce their own greeting cards. Students surprise family and friends while analyzing data at the same time. Creativity soars! (NETS for Students 1.2, 3.2 and 5.1)

• Popping Up Percents! (Authored by Annette Nixon.)

Description: Popcorn provides a tasty way to practice finding percents and unit price.

• Popsicle Place Value (Authored by Sharon Ussery.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Picture this! Students “get the picture” by using concrete materials, pictures, or symbols to help them understand place value.

• Power Place Value (Authored by Marcy Burnette.)

Description: Students learn Power Place Value numbers - hundreds, thousands, and ten thousands by working with a variety of manipulatives in a cooperative learning activity.

• Pretty Patterns (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students participate in a variety of activities to extend their knowledge of patterning.

• Pretzel Math (Authored by Carolyn Rosier.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Math you can eat is always fun! Demonstrate grouping pretzels into sets of twos, fives and tens on the overhead projector, then provide students with their own pretzels to count, group, tally and eat!

• Prime Factorization Mobile (Authored by Amelia McCurdy.)

Description: During this review lesson, students demonstrate their knowledge of prime numbers, composite numbers, and prime factorization using exponents to create a factor tree mobile.

• Prime Real Estate (Authored by Christine Austin.)

Description: This is a hands-on procedure that utilizes the “Sieve of Eratosthenes” to identify prime numbers from 1-100. Eliminating all the multiples of the first four prime numbers identifies primes. The 25 numbers that remain are all primes!

• Prime Time (Authored by Lisa Richardson.)

Description: This activity is a fun way to practice determining the prime factorization of composite numbers. The students create Christmas factor trees for prime numbers greater than 100.

• Primed and Ready! (Authored by Cindy Beckham.)

Description: Primed and Ready is a project designed to use the Sieve of Eratosthenes to determine and display the prime and composite numbers from 1 to 100.

• Probability and Compound Events (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Students determine the probability of compound events.

• Probability and Odds (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Students determine the probability and odds for various events.

• Probability Kisses (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students learn about probability by randomly picking a Hersey Kiss from a bag. They will be picking from a variety of colors. The students decide if they are less likely, more likely, or equally likely to pick a certain color based on the numbers of each colored kiss.

• Probability or Ability? (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students test probabilty by catching candy.

• Probability Popsicle Pop-ups (Authored by Stacy Durham.)

Description: Students decorate and use popsicle sticks as manipulatives to assist with their learning of probability.

• Problem Solving with Batting Averages (Authored by Mary Kay Bacallao.)

Description: Students use data from an Excel document to analyze and predict trends in batting averages.

• Projectile Motion (Authored by Carol Houck.)

Description: Students observe projectile motion and calculate the speed of a projectile.

• Pumpkin Play (Authored by Debbie Funkhouser.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The children have some fun with pumpkins while beginning to learn about weight, circumference, buoyancy, and graphing information.

• Pumpkin Seed Data! (Authored by Emily Vander Kooy.)

Description: How many seeds are in a pumpkin? Find out in this lesson! [NOTE: This lesson is designed for a grade level in which students change classes. It is easily adaptable for self-contained classrooms.]

• Pushy Kids in Physics (Authored by Gencie White.)

Description: This is an interesting way to introduce balanced forces, unbalanced forces, and resulting net forces. Students actively demonstrate these concepts and then study and complete the activity with actual calculations of these forces.

• Putting Together Pictographs (Authored by Terri Eichbauer.)

Description: Understanding pictographs can be easy when students learn to make their own. In this lesson, students learn about pictographs by seeing examples of different types, creating one together with the teacher and then creating one on their own.

• Puzzling Percents (Authored by Kim Auerbach.)

Description: Students use twenty equivalent fraction, decimal, and percent facts to create a puzzle.

• Puzzling Perimeters (Authored by Debra Mastro.)

Description: Students use estimation, fractions and decimals to determine the perimeter of objects in the classroom.

• Pyrotechnics (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Pyrotechnics is the scientific name for fireworks. This word comes from Greek words meaning “fire arts.” Factoring can be used to solve such problems dealing with Pyrotechnics.

• Quandaries, Quagmires, and Quadrilaterals (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students classify, flip, slide, and turn a quantity of quadrilaterals. Hands-on manipulatives and problem-solving steps are used to explore these four-sided polygons. This plan is the fifth in a series of lessons on geometry.

• Question of the Day Counting (Authored by Stephanie Little.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This daily activity is an easy and fun way to involve children in counting objects. The students answer a daily question and then count to see how many responded with yes or no. Numbers are written in a math journal. Results are then discussed.

• Range and Measures of Central Tendency (Authored by Wanda Martin.)

Description: Students are introduced to range and measures of central tendency with a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation. After practice in calculating and analyzing data, students will create a table in Microsoft Excel.

• Rays and Angles (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: An angle is defined in terms of two rays that form the angle. This lesson deals with ray and angle measurement, Angle Addition Postulate and Protractor Postulate.

• Reaction Time (Authored by M Dennis.)

Description: This lesson helps the student collect, organize and analyze data while studying reaction time. Students calculate measures of central tendency using a calculator and show data on graph.

• Real Numbers (Authored by Xiuqing Li.)

Description: Students examine the concept of integers, rational numbers, irrational numbers, real numbers, complex numbers and understand their relative size.

• Reality Check (Authored by Debra Mastro.)

Description: Students practice living on a budget. They must plan for rent, utilities, and food and determine if they can afford the luxuries of a phone, car, gas, movies, clothes, etc., using a newspaper to gather their information.

• Rearrange the Room (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Rearrange the Room gives the class a constructive problem-solving lesson in these days of construction and renovation of building projects in our school system. Students measure and grid their ideas for the new classroom floor plan.

• Record 'THE' Results (Authored by Kim Auerbach.)

Description: Students predict, then discover the number of times the word -the- appears on an average newspaper page. Results are posted on a back-to-back stem and leaf plot.

• Referendum Results: Our New Year Expectations (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: -Referendum Results: Our New Year Expectations- gives the class a meaningful voice in planning their semester activities as they survey and graph their choices.

• Reinforcing Fractions Using a Fraction Calculator (Authored by Joseph Furner PhD.)

Description: This lesson incorporates the use of Texas Instruments (TI) Explorer Calculators to reteach and reinforce operations with fraction/mixed number concepts using technology.

• Revamped Recipe (Authored by Kim Adair.)

Description: This lesson is used to assist students with proportional measurements. Students will use a given recipe written for 12 servings, and use a chart to determine the ingredient amounts for 30 servings (or number of students in class).

• Rice (Gohan) Observations (Authored by Christy Williamson.)

Description: The student estimates, observes, and records observations of rice (known as -gohan- in Japan) in two experiments and communicates the results.

• Rising and Falling Fractions (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Why are announcements stating that a particular stock is "up 1 and 5/8ths" or "down 2 and 3/16ths" now history? Students explore outcomes from the conversion – fractions to decimals – in stock market quotes and explore fluctuating interest rates using an amortization calculator.

• Rock Around the Clock (Authored by Christine Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students will learn to tell time by ringing a bell on the hours and half-hours.

• Rock On! (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: In making different types of candy and cookies, students will have models of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks.

• Rockin Review (Authored by Deborah Ford.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students receive math fact cards. They review their cards and solve each fact. When the teacher writes an answer on the board, the student brings the fact card and receives a sticker if it is correct.

• Rodeo Round-Up (Authored by DiAnn Shores.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students survey kindergarten through fifth grade teachers and construct a class graph of the teachers' favorite events at the rodeo.

• Roll a Decimal (Authored by Cindy Beckham.)

Description: By the roll of a die, students place digits in the place value chart to create a number having the greatest or least value possible.

• Roll a Fact (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students will write multiplication and division fact families for two given numbers.

• Roll On Down! (Authored by Deborah Ford.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson reinforces the proper format for number sentences. Each student rolls two dice. Next, they write down the numbers in number sentence format. Then they add the problem by using the strategies of counting on, doubles, and doubles plus one.

• Roman Toothpicks (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students make a chart comparing Roman numerals and our number system using toothpicks and construction paper.

• Rounding (Authored by Jennifer Catlett.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students round to estimate greater sums.

• Safety Surveys (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Students conduct Family Safety Surveys on a weekly basis for a month, hoping to encourage their families to actually practice safe family skills on a consistent basis.

• Sampling Snoops (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students practice formulating a hypothesis and designing an experiment to test the hypothesis. Then they identify several sampling techniques they can use to test their hypotheses.

• Saving Money Through Mathematics (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: The students compare the cost of energy use for a variety of sources of light. A variety of graphs will be used to make the comparison.

• Schedules, When and Where? (Authored by Wesley May.)

Description: Students make and keep a daily schedule for a week. They discover elapsed time and calendar time frames.

• Scores of Surveys (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This lesson is for Days 6-8 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students create appropriate survey questions, administer a survey, create pictographs to display the survey results, and explain the results from the data.

• Search for the Missing Pi (Authored by Brenda York.)

Description: Students actively investigate measuring circular objects, recording data accurately to derive the formula for the relationship known as [pi].

• See What You Can Find (Authored by Kim Auerbach.)

Description: Students must locate and record examples of acute, right, obtuse and straight angles found within a classroom.

• Sensational Seasons (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is the seventh lesson in the Unit, Weather Trackers. Students learn how seasonal weather patterns affect temperature and their lives through concrete, hands-on activities.

• Seven Quacks Me Up (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Need a fun look at the number seven? Enjoy [Quack and Count] from this seventh lesson from the unit, Sky High Counting. Students continue exploration of the day and night skies and add a page for the number 7 to their counting books.

• Shadow Chasing (Authored by Christina Keeler.)

Description: This activity is a fun way to introduce proportions and reinforce measuring in centimeters. The students compare themselves and their shadows to various objects big and small. They then use their data to set up proportions to solve.

• Shape City (Authored by Sherry McCullough.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students engage in review activities, identifying two- and three-dimensional shapes, and by describing similarities/differences and attributes. The teacher creates a model building. Then, students design and construct buildings to be added to a class Shape City. Summative assessment should begin today and will probably take two days to complete. See Summative Assessment (see Extensions) for procedures and materials.

• Shape Up Exercise (Authored by Barbara Estevez.)

Description: This activity allows students to use technology to demonstrate mastery of congruent and similar shapes. Students use software like MS Word 97 or higher with gridlines to draw the shapes and manipulate them for congruency and similarity.

• Sheep Adventures (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is an interesting lesson centered around the book and tape [Sheep in a Jeep]. Students have the opportunity to practice rhyming words in a fun and entertaining format.

• Ship Shape (Authored by Barbara Brown.)

Description: Ship Shape allows students to experiment with, identify, and follow teacher-directed instruction toward understanding two-dimensional geometric shapes found within the environment.

• Shoeless Math (Authored by Sandy Blacher.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson is to introduce students how to sort and classify along with completing a T-chart.

• Shopping for Skills (Authored by Leslie Phillips.)

Description: The students will solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers and decimals using a grocery flyer from the newspaper. The students will select the appropriate operation to solve specific problems.

• Shopping Spree (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: In Shopping Spree, students use estimation skills as they race a thirty- minute time limit to spend no more than \$1,000 in a toy catalog.

• Silly Symmetrical Names (Authored by Vicky Nichols.)

Description: Students participate in hands-on activities to introduce them to the concept of symmetry.

• Similar and Congruent Triangles (Authored by Mary Kay Bacallao.)

Description: Students create and classify different types of triangles using an online geo-board. They explore the concepts of similar and congruent as they discover how to draw similar and congruent triangles.

• Simple Bar Graphs Using Excel (Authored by Mary Kay Bacallao.)

Description: Students create surveys and generate data for a simple Excel bar graph using two variables.

• Simplifying Square Roots (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: The square root of a positive integer is in simplest form if the radicand has no perfect square factor other than one.

• Simply Symmetry (Authored by Fatima Ginoris.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity is an introduction to symmetry using a hands on approach.

• Six Insect Legs (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: What do you know about the sun moving in the sky? This sixth lesson from the unit, Sky High Counting, engages students’ interest as they learn about the sun’s apparent movement. Students continue their counting books adding a page for the number 6.

• SkittleGraphs (Authored by Kathy Pajak.)

Description: The student will learn to make a bar graph.

• Skittles™ Count (Authored by Carole Mason.)

Description: Students will count Skittles™ then use the numbers to find the relationships among fractions, decimals, and percent.

• Skittles™ in the Middle (Authored by Peggy Christian.)

Description: Entice students using candy to determine a mean of a set of real world data.. Students work in small groups, using bags of Skittles™ to determine the mean of one color of Skittles™ found in each bag, in each group, and in the entire class.

• Sleep Central (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Health, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students learn about rest and sleep and how their habits may be healthy or unhealthy. Students make conclusions about how much sleep their bodies require by organizing information on a graph.

• Slicing Up Food Fractions (Authored by Elisabeth Coogle.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This quick and easy lesson allows students to learn about fractions by categorizing, cutting, and sorting food items.

• Slope-Intercept Form of a Linear Equation (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson discusses slope-intercept and standard forms of linear equations.

• Sloping and Intersecting a Linear Function (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson discusses graphing, slope, x-intercept and y-intercept.

• Smallest to Tallest - Where is the Middle? (Authored by T. Sundeen.)

Description: Learners find the mean, median, and mode for the height of the students in their class. Students use the data to determine the most appropriate measure of central tendency for the class.

• Smoking: The Real Cost (Authored by Carol Spice.)

Description: This is a great lesson to use anytime but especially during Red Ribbon Week or on National Smoke Out Day. Students calculate the cost of smoking over a period of time and construct graphs to display the data.

• Sneaky Peeky Symmetry Book (Authored by Tracy McDaniel.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: There's no peeking into this book. Students will want to read and explore each other's books as they guess what could be behind the flap of their Sneaky Peeky Symmetry Book.

• So Many Cats! (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In this lesson students learn to use manipulatives to model simple addition stories.

• Solve Simple One-Step Linear Equation (Authored by Yunling Zhang.)

Description: Students learn how to solve one unknown number by using hands-on manipulatives after being introduced to the history of abstract mathematics through literature.

• Solving Absolute Value Equations (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson discusses absolute value and how it relates to equality.

• Solving Inequalities (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Student will solve and graph inequalities and absolute values.

• Solving Rational Equations (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: You can solve equations containing fractions by using the least common denominator of all the fractions in the equation. Multiplying each side of the equation by the common denominator eliminates the fractions.

• Solving Right Triangles Using Trigonometry (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: This lesson covers solving techniques using trigonometric ratios for right triangles.

• Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Student will solve a system of equations algebraically.

• Solving Systems of Equations Graphically (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Students solve a system of equations by graphing.

• Sort It Out! Size It Up! (Authored by Ann Miller.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students sort a variety of objects by size and discuss the characteristics of these items. Students look at jars filled with the items and estimate the amount in each jar. Then they sort and order them from least to greatest amount in each jar.

• Sound Detective (Authored by Jane Seevers.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students listen for a particular letter sound and decide whether it is at the beginning, middle or end of a word.

• Space: The Final Frontier (Authored by Cynthia Lott.)

Description: Students use electronic technology to find information on the solar system and then construct a graph to explain the information. They also demonstrate a solar or lunar eclipse by providing a written explanation with an illustration of the planet chosen.

• Speaking Geometrically (Authored by Marilyn Wallace.)

Description: This activity introduces students to, and reinforces, the vocabulary needed to identify the attributes of two and three-dimensional figures.

• Speeding by the Numbers (Authored by Ryan Stokes.)

Description: Students determine speed (velocity) by running/walking a given distance and dividing the distance by the time it took them to do so. This lesson involves measurement and number sense, concepts and operations, and can be easily modified into a science lesson.

• Splash! (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use fish counters, fish stickers, numbers and symbols to solve joining (addition) problems.

• Spotted Stones Linked Just Right (Authored by Sissy Gandy.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students learn to play the game of dominoes using mental math skills to solve equations that will earn points. They become fast critical thinkers in determining which unknown addend will tally up points in their favor.

• Spring Doesn't Bug Me (Authored by Jeanne Barber-Morris.)

Description: Students make a LADYBUG art item using math vocabulary and measurements of circles. Previously written Haiku poems are affixed to the LADYBUG for a Spring display.

• Square by Square (Authored by Kim Auerbach.)

Description: Students select a simple picture to enlarge, and transform.

• Square Circles (Authored by Carol Spice.)

Description: Show your students how a circle can be measured in square units and how diameter, radius, and circumference are related.

• Squares to Compare (Authored by Michael Marzano.)

Description: In this lesson the students learn how to draw and classify two and three dimensional figures (squares, triangles, rectangles.)

• Statistical Specimens (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students explore sampling techniques that are used to collect data. Students also practice finding mean, median, and mode of a set of data. Finally, students determine appropriate measures of central tendency for a situation.

• Statistically Lyrical (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Since all of the rhyming is through, now what are we to do? Describe, analyze, and generalize! Calculating measures of central tendency makes the activity even more alive. Stay tuned and you will see; the best to come is yet to be!

• Stem and Leaf Plots (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Students experience using the stem and leaf plot as a method of organizing statistical data. The greatest common place value of the data is used to form the stem. The next greatest common place value is used to form the leaves.

• Stone Soup (Authored by Barbara Northcutt.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students count ingredients in Stone Soup and create a list of ingredients. Each child colors his or her own little book..

• Storybook Character Graph (Authored by Diane Reinstatler.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The students will come to school dressed as their favorite storybook character. Each will draw a self-portrait, place the drawing on a graph, and interpret the graph with the class.

• String of Fish (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Pairs of students research a Florida fish to determine its length. They display this information on two index cards, which are cut to the shape of the head and the tail and attached to a string that they measure and cut to the correct length of the fish.

• Subtraction and Addition Word Problems Made Easy (Authored by Joe Crawley.)

Description: This lesson helps to lay a foundation for solving addition and subtraction word problems. It will be the basis for future lessons on addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. The students will explore the reasons for adding or subtracting.

• Subtraction Relay (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students will subtract two-digit numbers and use addition to check their subtraction.

• Succeeding at Kite Day (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Succeeding At Kite Day is a learning invitation that encourages students to design a successful kite for flying at the annual spring, school-wide Kite Day.

• Superb Shapes and Fantastic Figures (Authored by Lizetta Payne.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity is a unique way for students to compare and contrast similar two- and three- dimensional shapes within cooperative groups.

• Survey Savvy (Authored by Laurie Ayers.)

Description: This is a math lesson for Days 4 and 5 of the unit [Wellness Wonders]. Students design appropriate questions for a survey, survey classmates, create a pictograph to represent the results, and explain the survey results.

• Survey Says (Multi-day Activity) (Authored by Elinor Mount-Simmons.)

Description: This is a fun conclusion to unit on graphs. Learners brainstorm and create surveys to disseminate to all homerooms. From this input, learners work cooperatively to create line, bar and picture graphs.

• Survey Says… (Authored by Bobby Uschold.)

Description: Students survey their classmates and use this data to create a bar graph.

• Survey Surfing (Authored by Sharon Ussery.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Let’s go surfing, Now! Students will love getting involved with surveys when you start surfing with this ocean theme. Students will have fun, and they will learn things about their classmates.

• Sweet Treats . . . Even or Odd? (Authored by Shannon Anderson.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is a sweet way to motivate your students to learn about even and odd numbers! Using candy as manipulatives your students will divide a bag of candy with a partner. If each partner has the same amount then the number is even and if one is left over then the number is odd.

• Symmetry Collage (Authored by Diana Dome.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students investigate symmetry. They compose their own collages and bulletin board borders using the standards of symmetry. The use of children's literature, hands-on manipulatives, and the Internet will be incorporated.

• Symmetry in Nature (Authored by Kenneth Blackman.)

Description: The students use a variety of observation and measurement techniques to identify lines of symmetry and also use graphing techniques to determine plots of ordered pairs.

• Symmetry Monsters (Authored by Julia Unger.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: After a study of symmetrical shapes and designs, students will create their own “Symmetry Monsters.”

• Tackling Mean - Median and Mode (Authored by Jeffrey Townsend.)

Description: Get ready for some football! Wear a jersey of your favorite player or team and get ready to tackle mean, median, and mode. The students fill in stat sheets using the numbers on jerseys. This is a great kickoff for the Math Bowl!

• Take a Plane or a Train (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Is there more to learn about transportation? Through this literature-based lesson, students review rhyming words, that different things move at different speeds, and vocabulary as they explore transportation.

• Take Me Out to the Ball Game (Authored by Gretchen Witherspoon.)

Description: This game can be used to practice solving real-world math problems of any type of particular operation. The game can be used to assess students' mastery of selecting the appropriate operation to solve specific problems.

• Tangram Discovery (Authored by Monica Stahley.)

Description: Tangrams are used to develop a child’s natural curiosity and the skills to be used in problem solving. These skills will encourage creativity and divergent thinking, while developing an understanding and enjoyment of math concepts and cultural awareness.

• Tastes Like Christmas, Exploring Taste (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Health, Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Taste helps us, among other things, to select and enjoy food. In this lesson, students learn about taste buds and the four familiar tastes.

• Teacher, We Shrunk the Classroom (Authored by Amy Jansen.)

Description: The students will use the metric system or standard measurement to measure the perimeter of the classroom; area of the floor, walls, chalkboard, teacher desk, student desks, closets, etc. to create a scale model of the classroom.

• Tech Number Patterns (Authored by Kishia Aguilar.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students engage in interactive activities with the computer and other students to recognize patterns in even numbers.

• Technology vs. Nontechnology (Authored by Carol Houck.)

Description: Students determine the range, mean, median and mode using a computer spreadsheet. An identical set of calculations is done without using a computer. The results of each method are compared. (NETS for Students: 5.2)

• Teddy Bear, Teddy Bear (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This literature-based lesson plan is day 4 of the Unit Plan, Patterns, Patterns Everywhere. Students identify and use patterns in oral and written language, as well as in sounds, physical movements, and concrete objects.

• Television Schedule Time (Authored by KELLY SMITH.)

Description: Students use a television schedule from the newspaper to practice elapsed time to the hour and half hour.

• Telling Time to the Hour (Authored by Tammy Hales.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students learn to tell time to the hour.

• Ten Fingers Ten Toes (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Can you count your fingers and toes? This tenth and final lesson from the unit, Sky High Counting concludes students’ exploration of the day and night sky. The final page is added to students’ counting books.

• Ten Pins (Authored by Kathy Pajak.)

Description: Students use computer-based and hands-on activities to discover and explore patterns of multiplication using multiples of 10, 100, and 1,000.

• Testing for Congruent Triangles (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Students test triangles for congruency.

• Tetrahedron Kites (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students learn about two-dimensional and three-dimensional figures by making a kite.

• That Rascal Pascal (Authored by Daphne Kallenborn.)

Description: Students use the concept of number patterns to complete a portion of Pascal’s Triangle as well as identify and describe the patterns represented.

• The 3 R's of Common Denominators (Math) (Authored by Mitch Maddox.)

Description: Students are shown an alternative method of determining the lowest common denominator of two or more unequal denominators.

• The Average Atom - Isotopes (Authored by Jeri Martin.)

Description: When looking at a periodic table, students notice that atomic masses are decimal numbers. These masses are an average of all the isotopes of that element. Students investigate a model of isotopes by completing the Isotopes Model activity.

• The Balancing Act of the Fulcrum (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: If you have observed people on a seesaw, you may have noticed that the heavier person must sit closer to the fulcrum to balance the seesaw. This is an example of an inverse variation. A seesaw is a type of lever.

• The Beat Goes On (Authored by Diane Schmidt.)

Description: Students examine and collect data on the heart at work and rest.

• The Best Times of Our Lives (Authored by Christine Davis.)

• Subject(s): Health, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students combine their time skills with their understanding of the -I - Care- rules in a game format. They decide if the time card is a good time or a bad time and place the good times on a clock.

• The Building Blocks of Geometry (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students explore geometric building blocks in the real world in order to describe the characteristics and relationships of points, lines, line segments, rays, and planes. This is the first lesson plan in a series of lessons in geometry.

• The Calculus Whiz Who Loved Candy (Authored by Linda Knowles.)

Description: Students develop an equation for finding the volume of a commonly known piece of candy (M&M, Hershey’s Kiss, Tootsie Roll Pop, Life Saver, etc.) by using calculus.

• The Calculus Whiz Who Owned a Box Company (Authored by Linda Knowles.)

Description: Students develop an understanding of the relationship between volume and surface area. They then construct a box out of a piece of paper that maximizes volume using a table, by graphing and calculus techniques.

• The Case of the Missing Middle Term (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: You can use the difference of squares to factor binomials of the form “a" squared minus “b” squared.

• The Colors on My TV Screen (Authored by Jeri Martin.)

Description: Visible light contains all the colors of the rainbow. However, electronic screens (TV, computer) use only three of these colors to produce the colors that we see on them. Students investigate these colors by making and testing a color wheel.

• The Cost of Life (Authored by Thomas Lucey.)

Description: An adult needs to budget expenses. At some point, one must choose a career and determine the expenses one can manage. This lesson affords students an opportunity to discuss and discover the conditions and characteristics of different career choices.

• The Counting Caterpillar (Authored by Ann Nichols.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The students practice counting orally to 100 by 1s, 2s, 5s, and 10s by participating daily in -The Counting Caterpillar- number line.

• The Fish Game (Authored by Cathy Burgess.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students demonstrate the knowledge of addition and subtraction using edible manipulatives.

• The Fun Polygon (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students use hands-on manipulatives to explore and describe the properties and attributes of the “fundamental” polygon: triangles. This is the fourth lesson in a series of five on geometry.

• The Gingerbread Man (Authored by Barbara Northcutt.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Run, run, as fast as you can. We learn about halves from the gingerbread man.

• The Golden Student (Authored by Kevin Holland.)

Description: This is an enrichment activity for the enhancement of the study of ratios and data collection. Students are introduced to the golden section in mathematics and use this ratio to determine if their bodies are -golden- through a group investigation.

• The Gravity of the Situation (Authored by Linda Knowles.)

Description: Students drop a ball and record its position using a CBL and a TI89 graphing calculator. The data collected will then be transferred to an EXCEL spreadsheet and a quadratic curve of best fit will be generated and compared to expected results.

• The Great Chile Challenge (Authored by Manuel Bustamante.)

Description: This lesson allows students to gather data, create a graph, and interpret information. Students improve vocabulary by practicing graph creation, negotiating ideas and meaning of the graphs created, and communicating those meanings.

• The Guise of a Graph Gumshoe (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students practice constructing bar, circle, and box-and-whisker graphs. Students also practice reading and interpreting data displays and explore how different displays of data can lead to different interpretations.

• The Ice Cream Shop (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: The Ice Cream Shop gives students an opportunity to design products, calculate appropriate selling prices, and calculate the costs, income, and profits generated from an ice cream business.

• The Large and Small of It (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: It is hard to envision the distance to the Moon without thinking about a very large number. Yet, a lunar dust particle is so small, several fit on the tip of a pinhead! Students explore the extreme solving problems related to the Apollo space missions.

• The Luxor Hotel Contract (Authored by Wanda Martin.)

Description: Given square feet of the base, volume, and the volume formula, students will determine slant height the Luxor Hotel so that they can find surface area. Then they will create a model to scale, including the mirrored glass, which is on each triangular face of the hotel. Your (students’) company has just been asked to submit a bid, accompanied with a scale model, for the Luxor Hotel in Las Vegas. You have been asked to cover the exterior of the building with mirrored glass tile. In your excitement at being offered such a prestigious opportunity, you failed to gather all necessary information. Because you cannot reach the architect and you have a deadline to meet, you have to determine what you need to know from the information you have so you can complete your task.

• The Math Poet (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Are you a math poet? Make math problems unique and interesting! Engage students in an active setting solving problems relating to real-world experiences incorporating rhythmic lines. A catchy line might save you time when solving a real-life problem!

• The Mathematical Fingerprint of Our Solar System (Authored by Richard Angelini Sr..)

Description: An integration of science and math in the study of the locations of all planets in our solar system. Students learn the beautiful mathematical model unique to our solar system. A minimal knowledge of mathmatics is necessary.

• The Meaning of the Mean (Authored by MAdele Carson.)

Description: Students use candy to learn about mean, median, mode, and range.

• The Mystery of the Accelerating Race Car (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Acceleration is the rate at which speed is changing with respect to time. Students learn how to compute acceleration (a) by dividing the change in speed by the time (t) needed to make the change.

• The Nuts and Bolts of a Mathematical Expression (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: When an expression contains more than one operation, you can get different answers depending on the order in which you solve the expression. Mathematicians have agreed on a certain order for evaluating expressions, so we all arrive at the same answers.

• The Oreo Express (Authored by William Beard.)

Description: The Travel Channel will have nothing on you when you travel the Oreo Express! This lesson explores probability in the simplest form. Just think! Oreos and math, nothing could be finer than probability in the middle.

• The Plane! The Plane! (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students draw, describe, and classify polygons built from points, lines, line segments, and rays within a two-dimensional plane. This lesson plan is the third in a series of five on geometry.

• The Price Is Right (Language Arts) (Authored by Amelia McCurdy.)

Description: Students use the unit price to compare which local grocery store has the best prices.

• The Price is Right, So Let's Make Change (Authored by Denise Simonson.)

Description: Students estimate, calculate, and count back the amount of change needed from purchases made during small group activities. This lesson can be used to extend the lesson, -Is the Price Right?- available from the Beacon Learning Center.

• The Proof Is in the Picture (Authored by Sandra Pickard.)

Description: Students photograph items that are geometrical figures.They use measurements of item to write a formal or informal proof to prove the item is what they say it is.The proofs are exhanged with other groups; the students must match the proof to the photo.

• The Real Problem of the Week (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Problem of the Week engages students in an integrated, ongoing awareness of the current events affecting our daily lives as reported in our local newspaper while working mathematical word problems.

• The Rhythm of My Heart (Authored by Dena Reid.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity is a fun way to incorporate music as students learn to describe pattern rules.

• The Stock Exchange Phase I (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: The students select a stock to follow. In the course of this lesson, they collect, organize, display, and analyze data. Students construct line graphs using the data from their selected stocks.

• The Stock Exchange Phase II (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: The students select a stock to follow. In the course of this lesson, they collect, organize, display, and analyze real-world data, using a bar graph to show patterns. They begin to develop a multimedia presentation using computer software.

• The Tale of Scale (Authored by Michelle Gowan.)

Description: Students produce three bar graphs using a range of data for various scales along the y-axis.

• The Ten Little Indians Count (Authored by Patricia Hope.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Did you ever have fun blowing feathers in the air? This activity is a fun, hands-on activity that uses a Thanksgiving theme to incorporate one-to-one counting to 10.

• The Value of an M & M! (Authored by Christine Cline.)

Description: This activity is an exciting way to introduce place value. The students will enthusiastically use colored M & M’s to determine the different categories of place value.

• The Water Detectives (Authored by Daric White.)

Description: This is a research project designed for students to collect, analyze and present environmental water quality data.

• There Is No Place Like Home on the Range (Authored by Claudette McCann.)

Description: Students use data from the real estate guide to find the range, mode, median, and mean of a sampling of homes for sale in their area.

• Thermometers Rising (Authored by Laura Windham.)

Description: Students love this hands-on activity while they demonstrate the ability to accurately read a Fahrenheit thermometer. Students use actual thermometers and enjoy thermometer stamps.

• Thirsty for A Liter or Milliliter? (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: This lesson allows students to select and estimate the most reasonable metric units of measurement to determine capacity using liters or milliliters.

• Three Bears and Three Goats in the Morning Sun (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Is the sun always in the same place in the sky? This third lesson of the unit, Sky High Counting, engages students in counting and literature as they learn about the sun. Students continue their counting books adding a page for the number 3.

• Three-Dimensional Play Dough (Authored by Judy Fox.)

Description: This hands-on lesson is an excellent review for three-dimensional figures. The students make models of three-dimensional figures and then use these play dough figures to observe and count the vertices, edges, and faces.

• Tic-Tac-Place Value (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students write, read, and identify three-digit numbers.

• Time Flies When Math Is Fun (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: Students will use demonstration clocks and play a game to determine elapsed time.

• Time Flyers (Authored by Wayne Mitchell.)

Description: Can time really fly? Involve your students in finding elapsed time and creating real-world problems using an airline flight schedule.

• Time Travelers (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is an interesting lesson on telling time to the hour that encourages class participation.

• Time, Time, Go Away, Please Come Back Another Day (Authored by Kate Theodore.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Is it time yet? Through the use of clocks, the children will learn to understand and tell time using analog and digital time.

• To Whom It May Concern (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Students produce and peer edit typed rough drafts of the business letters following the guidelines illustrated in the Eight Essential Parts of a Business Letter and save to disks. Students complete the Where’s the Math? Scavenger Hunt on the Web.

• Toothpicks, Gumdrops, and Polyhedrons (Authored by Amelia McCurdy.)

Description: Using toothpicks and gumdrops, students make prisms and pyramids to discover the relationship between faces, vertices, and edges.

• Topsy-Turvy Math With Rational Number (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: To find the quotient of two rational numbers, you multiply by the reciprocal of the second rational number.

• Traffic Light Probability (Authored by Christy Clanton.)

Description: Traffic Light Probability engages the class in a probability experiment on the way to a local state park for a class field trip.

• Traveling to Japan: Which Way Do We Go? (Authored by Christy Williamson.)

Description: Students determine -Which way do we go?- and explore various methods for measuring the distance between Florida and Japan.

• Triangle Town (Authored by Elisabeth Coogle.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students create a fact family town to develop the understanding of numbers related in fact families. Students learn each family has a big number and two baby numbers. They then make triangle shaped houses for their facts.

• Twenty Is Too Many (Authored by Jay Babcock.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students evaluate and write expressions using subtraction of the number one.

• Twix-n-Tween (Authored by Regena McLaney.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Get caught “Twix and Tween”! Students use Twix candy bars to make direct comparisons, sort and order candy pieces by length.

• Two Owl Eyes (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: What can be seen in the night sky? This second lesson of the unit, Sky High Counting, teaches students to count to ten, make predictions, and recognize the day and night sky. Students continue their counting books adding a page for the number 2.

• Uncle Bubba Is Dead! (Authored by Christine Thornton.)

Description: Given the scenario of being left an inheritance, students are told that they must spend all of that inheritance by purchasing a home and furnishing three of the rooms. All of their money, within \$100, must be spent on this home.

• Under the Weather (Authored by Kim Auerbach.)

Description: Students use the Weather page in the local daily newspaper to review concepts of mean, median, mode, range and solve other weather related questions.

• Understanding Area (Authored by Dorothy Wagner.)

Description: Students make the transition from measuring in linear units to measuring in the square units of area. Area formulas for rectangle, parallelogram and triangle will be developed.

• Units 'R Us (Authored by Lynda Penry.)

Description: Students make a foot-long & a yard measuring tool from one-inch grid paper and determine the fractional parts of a foot and yard. Students write a story problem using two linear units to demonstrate conversion of units.

• Upside Down and All Around (Authored by Sissy Gandy.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: After learning about a line of symmetry, the student demonstrates slides, flips, and turns with an object. Students provide a written explanation of changes they observe in pictures.

• Using Statistics to Uncover More Evidence (Authored by Lisa Ove Gibson.)

Description: Students use statistics to interpret data collected from a representative sample.

• Va Va Va Zoooommm (Authored by Sandra Pickard.)

Description: Students apply their knowledge of unit conversions. They use standard units of measurement and develop their own non-standard units. Students compare the units and develop conclusions regarding the use of standard vs. non-standard units.

• Valentine Hearts (Authored by Randy Bowne.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: In this lesson students group Valentine candy hearts, then create individual graphs.

• Valentine Money (Authored by Cheryl Carasick.)

Description: During this is a four day activity, students learn how to read, write and identify money written as decimals as they spend and recieve change in a real-life situation.

• Wanted Dead or Alive...How Big Is it? (Authored by summer zephyr.)

Description: Students learn to approximate the measurement of a tree using unconventional methods.

• Wash Day with Numbers (Authored by Linda Johns.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students show the real-life skill of hanging up wash with clothespins, after enjoying a book that sets the stage. Students then match and sequence numerals by 10's.(If successful, move on to same skill but by 5's.)

• Water Bucket Relay (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: This lesson includes subtraction with more than one renaming.

• We Are Having a Party! (Part I) (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: Students follow a problem-solving plan to answer a class question. They generate, collect, organize, display, and analyze data to find the range of responses. This analysis is used to predict and justify reasonable answers.

• We Are Having a Party! (Part II) (Authored by Kristy Rousseau.)

Description: This activity is a four-station rotation model for exploring how to collect, display, and analyze data to make predictions and justify decisions in order to solve problems.

• We're Counting at the Zoo! (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use sets of concrete materials to represent, count and match quantities to 10 or more given in verbal or written form while participating in hands-on activities.

• Weather Graphs (Authored by Melanie Henderson.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students will use their knowledge of weather symbols to organize and construct a graph of the daily weather for one month. Also, each child will have a chance to give the daily weather report using Sammy's Science House Computer Software.

• Weather Wonders (Authored by Jennifer Slichter.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This lesson is the eighth lesson in the Unit Weather Trackers. This lesson will serve as a review for the unit's summative assessment. Students review weather concepts through interactive games, role-play and experiments

• Weighted Eggs (Authored by Diane Reinstatler.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students arrange 5 plastic eggs (with objects of different weights inside) in order from lightest to heaviest.

• What a Shape! (Authored by Dian Hooper.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This interactive, cooperative, culminating activity is designed to apply a second grade student’s knowledge of mathematical descriptor terms about 2 and 3 dimensional shapes to describing attributes of 2 and 3 dimensional real world items.

• What a SHAPEly fit! (Authored by Jennifer Carter.)

Description: Students will explore polygons and their attributes during hands-on activities. Students will use this information to create quilt squares with geometrical shapes (circles, triangles, rectangles, squares). Students will create a classroom quilt by assembling the quilt squares.

• What Are the Odds? (Authored by Alice Bobe.)

Description: Using the novel JIM UGLY, by Sid Fleischman, students conduct an experiment to test prediction of whether the odds were in favor of or against Jake finding his dad.

• What Counts? (Authored by Helen Johnson.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This book building activity is a fun way to reinforce counting from 1-10. Students count and write numbers up to 10.

• What Does It Take? (Authored by Lillian Romans.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: After playing a game called, What Does It Take? the students will be involved in cooperative groups (or learning stations) to explore and investigate attributes of circles, squares, triangles and rectangles.

• What Does Percent Have to Do with It? (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Confused about percentages at the mall? Students go shopping for a true real-life experience involving percent. Exposure to percent relative to sales tax and discount prices is experienced in this lesson.

Description: A quadratic function is a function that can be described by an equation of the form y = ax^2 + bx + c. Graphs of quadratic functions have certain common characteristics.

• What Happened to the Popcorn? (Authored by Lois Walsh.)

Description: This is a laboratory demonstration assessing the students' understanding of the law of conservation of matter by weighing the mass of popcorn before and after being popped.

• What Is Your Point? (Authored by Sue Garl.)

Description: In this game a student challenges a partner to recreate his quadrilateral or other shape on a geoboard by calling out the ordered pairs of the quadrilateral’s vertices.

• What Is Your Rate of Work? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: When work is held to a constant, the formula (rate of work) times (time) equals (work done).

• What Language Do You Speak? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: In mathematics, numbers and math symbols have meanings. This lesson is based on a game and is to be used in groups (approximately 4 or 5). A card will be drawn from a deck. On this card is a verbal description of a mathematical statement.

• What to Do with Leftovers (Authored by Monica Napier.)

Description: Students use unifix cubes to explore division with remainders to solve real world story problems.

• What You See Is What You Get (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: The best strategy for reading a math problem is to use visualization. This means to draw a mental picture of concepts or terms that are being described. This lesson will involve visualization with a math lesson.

• What's in a Name? (Elementary School) (Authored by Jane Seevers.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: After the shared reading of CHRYSANTHEMUM by Kevin Henkes, the children will have fun learning concepts about reading and using their names!

• What's the Chance? (Authored by Michelle Barlow.)

Description: This lesson will provide students with a hands-on approach to learning the basic principles of probability and statistics. Students will conduct a probability experiment, record their results, and share their data with classmates.

• What's the Matter with that Cup? (Authored by Kelly Neal.)

Description: Which restaurant gives you more bang for your buck? Students measure volume, circumference, and height of fast food cups, find which one has the greatest volume, and compare/contrast those measurements to discover any correlations between them.

• What's the Mean? (Authored by Kaye Maddox.)

Description: What’s the Mean? Using concrete objects, the students will be able to identify the mean from numbers chosen by the students.

• What's the Texture (Authored by Lore Davis.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Science (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is a small group activity in which students sort, classify, and write about how they sort a variety of shells.

• What's Your Angle? (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

Description: After reading the story [Magic Schoolbus Inside the Human Body] students form right, acute, and obtuse angles using the joints inside their bodies.

• What's Your Favorite Stuffed Animal? (Authored by Beverly Iacobellis.)

Description: The purpose of this lesson is to gather information in a survey and interpret the results using a tally chart, a table, and a bar graph.

• What's Your Point? (Authored by Frieda Bates.)

Description: Each student will use ordered pairs to graph a fish indigenous to Florida.

• Whatever Floats Your Boat (Authored by Sissy Gandy.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The students make boats by folding paper. They identify and draw shapes made during the creating process and place lines of symmetry on them.

• Wheeling Around (Authored by April Jackson.)

Description: This activity is a fun way to use real-life examples to introduce circles. This lesson explores the characteristics of a circle and the formulas to find circumference. The student uses a bicycle wheel to determine the circumference around a wheel.

• When Are We Ever Going to Use This Math? (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: Students engage in discussion of various occupations. Where does math fit into the scheme of things? Students are diagnostically assessed to determine proficiency in computer, writing, and problem-solving mathematical skills set in real-world context.

• When Are We Ever Going to Use This? (Authored by Sara Tomlin.)

Description: This lesson is intended as a wrap-up following the teaching of relationships among fractions, decimals, and percents. It could be used following any lesson as a means to encourage the understanding of real-world applications of mathematics.

• Where Do I Belong? (Authored by Sissy Gandy.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students locate three-digit numbers on a number line and explain their placement in this hands-on activity based on their knowledge of numbers and place value.

• Where in the World Are We? (Authored by Linda Kitner.)

• Subject(s): Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies (Grade 3 - Grade 5)
Description: The students will read a postcard and find the location on a map. They will use the picture and the text on the postcard to write about and tell about an imaginary vacation. They will compute mileage and compare it to Tripmaker data.

• Where Is Japan? How Far Is That? (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics, Social Studies (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students use literature and hands-on activities with maps and globes to understand distances and tools used to measure distance.

• Where's the Math? (Authored by Sharla Shults.)

Description: The math connection unfolds! Students develop an original math problem with detailed solution key relative to the chosen career fields. Watch creativity soar! (NETS for Students 3.1 and 5.1)

• Which Is the Better Car Deal? (Authored by Dan Schmidt.)

Description: Students will be given different situations (problems) to determine which option they would take if purchasing a car. The options will be a low financing rate or a rebate.

• Which Number Does Elmo the Alligator Eat? (Authored by Deborah Ford.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: The students hear a story about Elmo the Alligator who loves to eat big numbers. Each student gets a drawing paper and a newspaper flier. They cut out numbers, compare two of them and identify which is more than, less than, or equal to the other.

• Which Way Am I Walking? (Authored by Ramon Pedraja.)

Description: Students learn the concept of inverses through a real-world example, then relate it specifically to multiplication and division.

• Who Am I? (Primary Grades) (Authored by Timothy Mark Dillehay.)

Description: Students complete a classroom game used to build understanding of two and three-dimensional shapes. Diagonals, sides, regularity, congruency, Angle measurements, parallels, perpendicular, faces, edges, and word pre-fixes are a few of the vocabulary reviewed.

• Who Wants To Carry a Million? (Authored by Annette Nixon.)

Description: Students use cooperative learning, problem solving skills, and volume to find the dimensions of a box large enough to hold a million dollars.

• Who Won the Cross-Country Meet? (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Using algebraic expressions, the students write a verbal expression into an algebraic expression and then solve the expression. Some of the examples will deal with Who Won the Cross-Country Meet?

• Who Would Have Figured? (Authored by Melanie Malone.)

Description: Students discover what happens when a coin is tossed a few times versus when a coin is tossed many times. They discover the answer to -What is the probability of heads, and does it change as you toss the coin more times?-

• Who's the Frog Jumping Champion? (Authored by Bess Weber.)

Description: Who’s the Frog Jumping Champion in your class? Students construct a model of a simple machine (lever) to investigate the affect that applied force has on an object (plastic frog). This is a fun, hands-on, investigative activity that incorporates both science and math measurement skills in meeting state standards.

• Wiggle, Peak, and Roll (Authored by Carolyn Garner.)

Description: This is the second lesson of the fourth day of the Unit Plan: What Makes Me Who I Am? In this lesson, students learn that characteristics are inherited.

• Words, Words, Words (Authored by Denise Simonson.)

Description: Students choose estimation strategies in real-world problem situations and explain the choice.

• Wrap it Right! (Authored by Delia Pogorzelski.)

Description: Are you tired of miscalculating the length of ribbon needed for a gift? No more cutting & re-cutting for you. This lesson teaches how to eliminate this frustration. It’s a failsafe method, and it’s just in time for any gift-giving occasion!

• Wrapped Up In A Kiss! (Authored by Angela Raybon.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This activity is a fun way for students to estimate, predict and measure using a Hershey’s Kiss

• Year Book Page Special Shape Collage (Authored by Laura Colaninno.)

Description: The students arrange pictures for a yearbook in such a way so that a special shape is made. The students then find the area of the special shape they have made and find the cost of putting that picture on the page.

• You Are What You Eat (High School) (Authored by Johnny Wolfe.)

Description: Numerical Information called data can be useful in our daily lives. A branch of mathematics called statistics provides methods for collecting, organizing, and interpreting data. One way to organize data is by using tables.

• You Can’t Go Wrong With a Right Triangle I (Authored by Linda Knowles.)

Description: Students will develop an understanding of the Pythagorean Theorem and use it to find the missing side of a right triangle.

• You Can’t Go Wrong With a Right Triangle III (Authored by Linda Knowles.)

Description: Students measure objects and solve problems in the real world using the properties of right triangle trigonometry.

• You May Already Be a Winner! (Authored by Michele Thompson.)

Description: The students flip coins and play the “You May Already Be a Winner!” game to understand the probability concept.

• You're a Pattern and I Know It (Authored by Sandi King.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: This is the third lesson in the unit plan, Patterns, Patterns Everywhere. Students identify, predict, extend, create, and describe patterns according to their attributes. Students transfer patterns to a different medium.

• Yummy Bar Graph (Authored by Maike Christopher.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students put their hearts on the line in this lesson to display data and identify mode.

• Yummy Division (Authored by Mary Ann Taylor.)

Description: Students divide M&M’s into groups and write division sentences to show what they have done.

• Yummy Shapes (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students identify space shapes and their characteristics. As a fun culminating activity, students identify shapes found in vegetable soup and enjoy!

• Zoo Coordinates (Authored by Cindy Jacobs.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students place animals at given coordinates on a zoo grid.

• Zoo Favorites (Authored by Tara Ply.)

• Subject(s): Mathematics (Kindergarten - Grade 2)
Description: Students demonstrate their understanding of data analysis by gathering and displaying data using a tally grid and picture graph, then interpreting and communicating the results.