Beacon Lesson Plan Library

Hinduism vs. Buddhism

Jamie Berry
Orange County Schools

Description

Students create Venn diagrams showing the differences and similarities between the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism.

Objectives

The student understands how ideas and beliefs, decisions, and chance events have been used in the process of writing and interpreting history.

Materials

-Paper for information lists
-Paper for Venn diagrams
-Textbook or other informational materials
-Indian folktale (See Weblinks)

Preparations

1. Gather materials for activity.
2. Choose subject for the Venn diagram example.
3. Preview folktale from India for optional class wrap-up. (See Weblinks)

Procedures

This lesson plan integrates reading, writing, listening skills and knowledge of Venn diagrams.

1. Give students examples of how to create a Venn diagram.

2. Students use text or other materials to gain information on the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism and take notes or create lists to help them organize their findings before they create a Venn diagram.

3. Students make lists from their notes of the various traits of the two religions (i.e., founders, sacred texts, gods).

4. Students create Venn diagrams by placing the different traits in different sections and the similar traits in the shared section.

5. Students take their gathered information and write an essay showing their knowledge of the similarities and differences between the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. The essay should give an example and explanation of how differences affect the interpretation and writing of history. The students should focus on the religions' founders, holy books, caste system beliefs and other important factors that make up each religion.

6. Classroom discussion occurs on students' findings. The instructor should direct students into how Hindus and Buddhists view things differently based on their beliefs. For example, what happens to you when you die, how Hindus earn merit for the next life but Buddists reject the caste system, etc.

7. (optional) In closing, read students the Indian folktale, “The Cat Who Became A Queen.” (See Weblinks)

Assessments

Evidence:
Students show their knowledge through the construction of Venn diagrams and the writing assignment. The essays are assessed based on accuracy, content and format.

Criteria:
Students show they know the similarities and the differences between the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. The essays should give an example and explanation of how differences affect the interpretation and writing of history. The students should focus on the religions' founders, holy books, caste system beliefs and other important factors that make up each religion.

Web Links

Ancient India Story
The Cat Who Became A Queen

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