Counting . . . we all do it many times every
day. We count our stuffed animals, forks needed for setting the table, and our number of
hits in the big game.
From the earliest time,
man has had a need to count. How many
dinosaurs are headed our way?
Have you ever wondered how people counted
before we had numerals?
counted on their fingers.
They made lines in the dirt.
counting system used beads or stones arranged in rows.
means 5+1 so
VI means 6
IV means 5-1 so
IV means 4
III means 1+1+1
LXI means 50 + 10 + 1 so
If a smaller numeral is to the left,
it from the larger numeral to the right.
XL means 10 subtracted from 50 so
XL = 40
IX means 1 subtracted from 10 so
IX = 9
IX means 1
from 10 so
We can count
using our decimal numerals and Roman numerals. Complete the chart below.
chart below. Remember the placement of the numerals tells us when to add or subtract.
As you are roaming around through your
favorite books, look for Roman numerals as
page numbers or chapter numbers. Now you
will know the value of the numerals.